Bayonne, New Jersey
|Location in New Jersey|
|Foundation :||April 1, 1861|
|State :||United States|
|State :||New Jersey|
|County :||Hudson County|
|Time zone :||Eastern ( UTC − 5 / −4 )|
|Residents :||63,024 (as of 2010)|
|Population density :||4,316.7 inhabitants per km 2|
|Area :||29.1 km 2 (approx. 11 mi 2 ) of
which 14.6 km 2 (approx. 6 mi 2 ) is land
|Height :||4 m|
|Postal code :||07002|
|Area code :||+1 201|
|GNIS ID :||0874554|
|Mayor :||Terrance Malloy|
Newark Bay Bridge, connection between Bayonne and Newark
In the 17th century, Dutch settlers were the first Europeans to settle in what would later become Bayonne, after the English navigator Henry Hudson had previously discovered this area. Until then, Indians of the Lenni Lenape tribe had settled here . From 1664 the place, which was then still called Bergen Neck , was under British control.
The completion of the Morris Canal in 1836 connected Bergen Neck with northern New Jersey; a connection to the railway network followed in the 1860s. In 1869 the place - then called Bayonne - was elevated to a city.
In the early years the economy of the coastal town was mainly characterized by fishing, boat building and tourism, before the oil industry also took hold here at the end of the 19th century. In the 1920s, Bayonne was a major oil refinery location . During the Second World War , extensive dock facilities emerged from which the so-called Military Ocean Terminal later emerged, from which the US Navy was supplied with supplies until the 1990s .
The city is located on a peninsula between New Jersey Bay , Kill Van Kull and Upper New York Bay south of Jersey City . According to the American surveying office, the city has a total area of 29.1 km² , of which 14.6 km² is land and 14.6 km² (50.04%) is water.
As of the 2000 census, there are 61,842 people, 25,545 households, and 16,016 families in the city. The population density is 4,241.1 inhabitants per km². 78.64% of the population are White, 5.52% African American , 0.17% Native American , 4.14% Asian , 0.05% Pacific Islander , 7.46% Other Ethnicity, and 4.02% Mixed Race . 17.81% are Latinos of any race. Most of the city's residents of European descent are of Italian , Irish or Polish descent.
Of the 25,545 households, 28.3% have children under the age of 18. 42.8% of them are married couples living together, 15.1% are single mothers, 37.3% are not families, 32.8% are single households and 15.0% are people over 65. The average household size is 2 , 42, the average family size 3.10.
22.1% of the population are under 18 years old, 8.2% between 18 and 24, 30.7% between 25 and 44, 22.5% between 45 and 64, 16.6% older than 65. The average age is 38 years. The ratio of women to men is 100: 89.9, for people older than 18 the ratio is 100: 86.3.
The median income for a household in the city is $ 41,566 and the median income for a family is $ 52,413. Males have a median income of $ 39,790 versus $ 33,747 for females. The per capita income for the city is $ 21,553. 10.1% of the population and 8.4% of families live below the poverty line, of which 11.9% are children or adolescents under the age of 18 and 11.0% of the people are over 65.
sons and daughters of the town
- Ben Bernie (1891–1943), jazz violinist and big band leader
- Allen M. Davey (1894-1946), cinematographer
- Elmer Chambers (1897 – ≈1952), jazz trumpeter and cornet player
- Edward J. Stack (1910–1989), politician
- Leo Katcher (1911–1991), journalist, screenwriter and writer
- Henry T. Wycis (1911-1972), neurosurgeon
- Edythe Wright (1914-1965), swing singer
- George Perle (1915–2009), composer and music theorist
- Arnold Fishkin (1919-1999), jazz bassist
- Gene Olaff (1920-2017), football goalkeeper
- Cornelius Edward Gallagher (1921-2018), politician
- Brian Keith (1921-1997), actor
- Herman Kahn (1922–1983), nuclear strategist, cyberneticist and futurologist
- Dick Savitt (born 1927), tennis player
- Joya Sherrill (1927-2010), singer and television presenter
- Joseph A. LeFante (1928–1997), politician
- Raymond J. Donovan (born 1930), politician
- Victor J. Stenger (1935–2014), physicist and atheist activist
- Samuel Danishefsky (* 1936), chemist
- Frank Langella (born 1938), actor
- Chuck Wepner (born 1939), boxer
- Barney Frank (born 1940), politician
- Sandra Dee (1942–2005), actress
- JJ Murphy (born 1947), film director
- Mark Stein (* 1947), rock musician
- George RR Martin (* 1948), science fiction and fantasy writer
- Mark Shera (born 1949), actor
- Robert Tepper (born 1950), singer and songwriter
- George Warrington (1952-2007), railroad manager
- Gary Lachman (* 1955), writer and former bass player for the band Blondie
- Ed Murphy (born 1956), basketball player
- James Urbaniak (* 1963), actor and speaker
- Mike Wasko (* 1964), bobsledder
- Zakk Wylde (* 1967), guitarist
- Rick Gomez (born 1972), actor
- Joshua Gomez (born 1975), actor
- Tammy Blanchard (born 1976), actress
- Kenny Britt (* 1988), football player
- Ronald Roberts (* 1991), Dominican-American basketball player
After the WTC collapsed, plans arose to build a central television station in Bayonne with a 609.6 meter high tower. These plans are likely to have been put on hold.
- History of Bayonne. City of Bayonne, accessed May 9, 2016 .
- Gazetteer of New Jersey Places , United States Census Bureau
- Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Bayonne City, New Jersey United States Census Bureau