|Water code||US : 970226|
|location||New York , New Jersey (USA)|
|River system||Hudson River|
Lake Tear of the Clouds on Mount Marcy in the Adirondack Mountains
Upper New York Bay , New York
|Height difference||1309 m|
|Bottom slope||2.7 ‰|
|Catchment area||36,260 km²|
||607 m³ / s
|Left tributaries||Schroon River , Batten Kill , Hoosic River|
|Right tributaries||Sacandaga River , Mohawk River , Rondout Creek , Fish Creek|
|Big cities||Yonkers , Jersey City , New York City|
|Medium-sized cities||Troy , Albany , Peekskill|
|Small towns||Glens Falls , Hudson Falls , Fort Edward , Mechanicville|
|Communities||Corinth , Schuylerville|
|Navigable||from Fort Edward to Waterford as the Champlain Canal ; from Waterford to Troy as the Erie Canal ( Federal Lock ); navigable below Troy, of course|
Hudson Rivers and Mohawk River basins
The Hudson has its source in the Adirondack Mountains on Henderson Lake in the US state of New York . From there it flows mainly in a southerly direction through this state and takes in the water of the Mohawk River at Albany . Only in the lower reaches does it partially form the border with the neighboring state of New Jersey and before its mouth it reaches the New York harbor . In the Atlantic it flows into Upper New York Bay between the islands of Manhattan and Staten Island .
The lower reaches of the Hudson are subject to the influence of the tides . The tidal range is still noticeable over 225 kilometers upstream to the weir in Troy , north of Albany. Therefore, the Hudson cannot be called a river along its entire length. This section is called Estuary (dt .: estuary called).
Because of the beauty of the Hudson Valley, the Hudson River was given the name The Rhine of America .
The original inhabitants of the area, the Mahican , called the river Mahicannituck , meaning "water that always flows". The Italian Giovanni da Verrazzano was the first European to discover the river in 1524 . The Dutch settlers, who had settled in Nieuw Amsterdam and on the lower reaches of the river since 1624 , called it Noortrivier , sometimes Manhattes rieviere , Groote Rivier or de grootte Mouritse area . It was later named after Henry Hudson , an English navigator who explored it in 1609 on behalf of the Dutch East India Company . Hudson had sailed up to what is now Albany, as far as his three-masted Halve Maen , a hunt , could go. Until the second half of the 18th century, a century after the colony of Nieuw Nederland had to be ceded to the British in 1664, Dutch was still spoken throughout the Hudson Valley .
The Hudson River came into view of the global public on January 15, 2009, when the captain Chesley Burnett Sullenberger of US Airways flight 1549 carried out a spectacular ditching on the Hudson River near Manhattan Island .
The stream is navigable upstream to Albany . 8 km north of Albany is the first Federal Dam and the first lock on the Hudson River. Above this, the Erie Canal , built in the 19th century , which connects the Hudson River with Lake Erie , branches off to the west. The middle reaches of the Hudson River is developed as a Champlain Canal with several locks . At Fort Edward this branches off on the eastern bank of the river and runs north to Lake Champlain .
There are several hydropower plants on the upper Hudson River.
The Green Island hydropower plant 8 km north of Albany is located on the lowest dam of the Hudson River. It is planned to increase the output from 8 MW to 48 MW.
A selection of downstream hydropower plants:
|Curtis||10.8||5||()||International Paper Co.|
|Palmer Falls||48||2||()||International Paper Co.|
|South Glens Falls||13.8||2||()||Boralex|
|Fort Miller||5||2||()||Fort Miller|
|Upper Mechanicville||18.5||2||()||New York State Elec & Gas Corp.|
|Mechanicville||7th||7th||()||Albany Engineering Co|
|Green Island||8th||()||Green Island Power Authority|
- Jaap Jacobs: New Netherland. A Dutch Colony in Seventeenth-Century America . Brill, Leiden 2005, ISBN 90-04-12906-5 , p. 11.
- Thomas L. Purvis: A dictionary of American history . Blackwell, Cambridge, Mass. 1997, ISBN 1-55786-398-9 , p. 186.
- Jaap Jacobs: New Netherland. A Dutch Colony in Seventeenth-Century America . Brill, Leiden 2005, p. 31.
- Kenneth Myers: The Catskills. Painters, writers, and tourists in the mountains 1820–1895 . Hudson River Museum of Westchester, Yonkers 1987, p. 24.
- hydroreform.org: Green Iceland
- US Fish and Wildlife Service Home Page: Hydropower Energy Projects (as of December 15, 2016)