Hudson River

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Hudson River
Hudson River photographed from Camp Smith Trail, side path of the Appalachian Trail, looking south, approx. 70 km from New York City

Hudson River photographed from Camp Smith Trail , side path of the Appalachian Trail , looking south, approx. 70 km from New York City

Water code US970226
location New York , New Jersey (USA)
River system Hudson River
origin Lake Tear of the Clouds on Mount Marcy in the Adirondack Mountains
44 ° 6 ′ 24 ″  N , 73 ° 56 ′ 9 ″  W
Source height 1309  m
muzzle Upper New York Bay , New York Coordinates: 40 ° 42 '11 "  N , 74 ° 1' 36"  W 40 ° 42 '11 "  N , 74 ° 1' 36"  W.
Mouth height m
Height difference 1309 m
Bottom slope 2.7 ‰
length 493 km
Catchment area 36,260 km²
Drain MQ
607 m³ / s
Left tributaries Schroon River , Batten Kill , Hoosic River
Right tributaries Sacandaga River , Mohawk River , Rondout Creek , Fish Creek
Big cities Yonkers , Jersey City , New York City
Medium-sized cities Troy , Albany , Peekskill
Small towns Glens Falls , Hudson Falls , Fort Edward , Mechanicville
Communities Corinth , Schuylerville
Navigable from Fort Edward to Waterford as the Champlain Canal ; from Waterford to Troy as the Erie Canal ( Federal Lock ); navigable below Troy, of course
Hudson Rivers and Mohawk River basins

Hudson Rivers and Mohawk River basins

Estuary of the Hudson River: 1: Hudson River, 2: East River, 3: Long Island Sound, 4: Newark Bay, 5: Upper New York Bay, 6: Lower New York Bay, 7: Jamaica Bay, 8: Atlantic

Estuary of the Hudson River: 1: Hudson River, 2: East River , 3: Long Island Sound , 4: Newark Bay, 5: Upper New York Bay , 6: Lower New York Bay , 7: Jamaica Bay , 8: Atlantic

The Hudson River [ ˈhʌdsn̩ˌɹɪvɚ ] is a 493 kilometer long river in the US states of New York and New Jersey in the northeast of the United States .

River course

The Hudson has its source in the Adirondack Mountains on Henderson Lake in the US state of New York . From there it flows mainly in a southerly direction through this state and takes in the water of the Mohawk River at Albany . Only in the lower reaches does it partially form the border with the neighboring state of New Jersey and before its mouth it reaches the New York harbor . In the Atlantic it flows into Upper New York Bay between the islands of Manhattan and Staten Island .

The lower reaches of the Hudson are subject to the influence of the tides . The tidal range is still noticeable over 225 kilometers upstream to the weir in Troy , north of Albany. Therefore, the Hudson cannot be called a river along its entire length. This section is called Estuary (dt .: estuary called).

The Hudson, along with its tributaries , particularly the Mohawk River , drains a large area in the eastern United States.

Because of the beauty of the Hudson Valley, the Hudson River was given the name The Rhine of America .


The original inhabitants of the area, the Mahican , called the river Mahicannituck , meaning "water that always flows". The Italian Giovanni da Verrazzano was the first European to discover the river in 1524 . The Dutch settlers, who had settled in Nieuw Amsterdam and on the lower reaches of the river since 1624 , called it Noortrivier , sometimes Manhattes rieviere , Groote Rivier or de grootte Mouritse area . It was later named after Henry Hudson , an English navigator who explored it in 1609 on behalf of the Dutch East India Company . Hudson had sailed up to what is now Albany, as far as his three-masted Halve Maen , a hunt , could go. Until the second half of the 18th century, a century after the colony of Nieuw Nederland had to be ceded to the British in 1664, Dutch was still spoken throughout the Hudson Valley .

The Hudson River came into view of the global public on January 15, 2009, when the captain Chesley Burnett Sullenberger of US Airways flight 1549 carried out a spectacular ditching on the Hudson River near Manhattan Island .


The stream is navigable upstream to Albany . 8 km north of Albany is the first Federal Dam and the first lock on the Hudson River. Above this, the Erie Canal , built in the 19th century , which connects the Hudson River with Lake Erie , branches off to the west. The middle reaches of the Hudson River is developed as a Champlain Canal with several locks . At Fort Edward this branches off on the eastern bank of the river and runs north to Lake Champlain .

Hydropower plants

Hudson River at Bear Mountain

There are several hydropower plants on the upper Hudson River.

The Green Island hydropower plant 8 km north of Albany is located on the lowest dam of the Hudson River. It is planned to increase the output from 8 MW to 48 MW.

A selection of downstream hydropower plants:

Surname Power
in MW
Number of
location operator
Curtis 10.8 5 ( ) International Paper Co.
Palmer Falls 48 2 ( ) International Paper Co.
Spier Falls 56 2 ( ) Brookfield
Sherman Island 38 6th ( ) Brookfield
Feeder Dam 5 5 ( ) Brookfield
Glens Falls 12.1 5 ( ) Brookfield
South Glens Falls 13.8 2 ( ) Boralex
Hudson Falls 36.1 2 ( ) Boralex
Fort Miller 5 2 ( ) Fort Miller
Stillwater 3.5 2 ( ) Stillwater Hydro
Upper Mechanicville 18.5 2 ( ) New York State Elec & Gas Corp.
Mechanicville 7th 7th ( ) Albany Engineering Co
Green Island 8th ( ) Green Island Power Authority

Web links

Commons : Hudson River  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Jaap Jacobs: New Netherland. A Dutch Colony in Seventeenth-Century America . Brill, Leiden 2005, ISBN 90-04-12906-5 , p. 11.
  2. ^ Thomas L. Purvis: A dictionary of American history . Blackwell, Cambridge, Mass. 1997, ISBN 1-55786-398-9 , p. 186.
  3. Jaap Jacobs: New Netherland. A Dutch Colony in Seventeenth-Century America . Brill, Leiden 2005, p. 31.
  4. Kenneth Myers: The Catskills. Painters, writers, and tourists in the mountains 1820–1895 . Hudson River Museum of Westchester, Yonkers 1987, p. 24.
  7. Green Iceland
  8. US Fish and Wildlife Service Home Page: Hydropower Energy Projects (as of December 15, 2016)