Vermont , New York (United States),
|Tributaries||Otter Creek , Winooski River , Missisquoi River , Lamoille River , Ausable River , Great Chazy River , La Chute|
|Places on the shore||Burlington , Port Henry , Plattsburgh|
|Altitude above sea level|
|surface||1 269 km²|
|Maximum depth||121 m|
|Middle deep||19.5 m|
alleged Sightings of a monster
|Location of the Champlain lake|
It is located south of Montreal between the Green Mountains and the Adirondack Mountains on the border of the US states Vermont and New York and has a small share in the north in the Canadian province of Quebec . It is named after Samuel de Champlain , who researched it in 1609 and drove it from July 4th of that year. At that time it was considered to be the border between the tribes of the Algonquin in the west and the Iroquois in the east, which was also expressed in the name that the native inhabitants had given the lake: Pe-Tonbonque (for example: "Water that between them [the Tribes] lies ”) with the Algonquians, Caniaderi-Guarunte (roughly:“ Lake, which is the gateway to the country ”) with the Iroquois.
In the approximately 180 km long and up to 19 km wide Champlain Lake are about 80 islands, one of which forms a separate county in the US state of Vermont. It is the largest lake in the United States after the five Great Lakes in the Midwest , the Great Salt Lake in Utah , Lake Iliamna in Alaska, and Lake Okeechobee in Florida .
After the discovery of the lake by Samuel de Champlain in 1609, it and the surrounding areas belonged to New France until it was conquered by the British during the Seven Years' War (1754–1763). The French built several forts along the lake, the most important of which was Carillon Fort , which was built in 1755 at the beginning of the Seven Years War at the southern end of the lake. The fort has been the scene of military clashes, first between the French and the British and then between the British and the Americans.
During the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783) it came on Lake Champlain on October 11, 1776 to the Battle of Valcour , the first naval battle of the United States Navy . It ended with a British victory.
The water became famous through the rumor of a sea monster , which is named after its supposed discoverer de Champlain Champ . In fact, de Champlain only noted in his files the sighting of an unknown fish whose description fits a sturgeon living in the lake . The distant relative Nessies has been under legal protection since 1982 as it has become a major tourist attraction .
Lake Champlain also includes approximately 80 islands, including an entire county in Vermont.
- Isle La Motte
- Grand Isle, Vermont , including South Hero, Vermont
- North Hero
- Three sisters
- Two Brothers
- Burton Island
- Cloak Island
- Garden Island - "Gunboat Island"
- Crab Island (New York)
- Damon Island
- Hen Island
- Historic brick lighthouse at Cumberland Head.
- Pink lighthouse at the north end of Isle La Motte.
- Privately owned historic lighthouse at Point Au Roche, Beekmantown, New York.
The Lake Champlain Transportation Company offers three ferry routes north of Ticonderoga:
- Charlotte , Vermont - Essex , New York
- Burlington , Vermont - Port Kent , New York
- Grand Isle , Vermont - Plattsburgh , New York
- Jack Share: Champlain Thrust Fault at Lone Rock , blog entry by the geologist in the blog Written in Stone seen through my lens , October 23, 2011 (On the geology of the area )
- History of Chittenden County , ed. WS Rann, 1886, Syracuse, New York; Chapter 3: Lake Champlain before the revolution. (PDF; 36.7 MB)
- Documentary THE AMERICAN LOCH NESS monster on YouTube