|Nickname : Queen City|
Church Street (city center)
|Location in Vermont|
|Foundation :||1785 (1865 Incorporated)|
|State :||United States|
|County :||Chittenden County|
|Time zone :||Eastern ( UTC − 5 / −4 )|
|Residents :||42,417 (as of 2010)|
|Population density :||1,588.7 inhabitants per km 2|
|Area :||40.1 km 2 (approx. 15 mi 2 ) of
which 26.7 km 2 (approx. 10 mi 2 ) is land
|Height :||61 m|
|Postcodes :||05401-05403, 05405-05408|
|Area code :||+1 802|
|GNIS ID :||1456663|
|Mayor :||Miro Weinberger|
Burlington is with 42,417 inhabitants (according to the 2010 census) the largest city in the US state of Vermont and the seat of the county administration ( Shire Town ) of Chittenden County . The city is home to the University of Vermont .
Burlington is located in the east of Chittenden County, about 65 km northwest of Montpelier , 110 km north of Rutland and 150 km southeast of Montréal . The town center is on a hill overlooking Lake Champlain . The Winooski River flows along the northern city limits . The Lake Champlain Transportation Company has regular ferry services between Burlington and New York State in all seasons except winter.
All distances are given as straight lines between the official coordinates of the places from the 2010 census.
- North: Colchester , 1.9 mi
- Southeast: South Burlington , 2.2 mi
- West: Chesterfield , New York , 14.3 miles
The climate in Burlington is quite mild by Vermont standards. There are four frost-free months in summer and three months in winter when the temperature is almost always below zero degrees Celsius. The snowfall is usually 2 meters per year.
Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for Burlington, Vermont
Burlington was founded in 1763, but settlers didn't settle here until the 1770s when a military fort was built on the Winooski River. After the War of Independence (1775–1783), colonists cleared the land and made it arable for agriculture. In 1787 the first city assembly was held. The University of Vermont was founded in 1791 as the Agricultural College of Vermont in Burlington. The land required for this was donated by Ira Allen , the brother of the American freedom fighter Ethan Allen .
By 1812, Burlington had achieved the status of one of the nation's leading port cities. It was the main place for imports of Canadian timber. As a result, the population quickly grew to 2000 inhabitants. During the British-American War (1812) Burlington housed an army post and a military hospital. The city's role in the war was still comparatively small, despite its geographical proximity to the Canadian border.
In 1823 the Lake Champlain Canal was opened, which enables a continuous ship connection from New York City to Montreal . This made the port of Burlington even more important, as it was here that timber and agricultural products were shipped south to New York City and Albany (New York) , and factory goods were shipped to northeast New York . Burlington grew rapidly from 1823 and soon became the largest city in the country. The ideal location on Lake Champlain made the city a magnet for industry and commerce and the center of trade with Canada.
The railway line to Rutland was completed in 1849. Burlington's logging industry continued to grow. When Winooski was connected to the Central Vermont Railroad in 1862 , this also encouraged the dairy industry to flourish, which could now sell its products in other parts of New England as well as in Québec .
In 1864 the northwestern part of the town was declared the City of Burlington and the more rural southern part became today's Town South Burlington .
|Census Results - City of Burlington|
Economy and Infrastructure
The Interstate 89 leads in a north-south direction past the city of Burlington, the city is opened up by the feeder, the Interstate 189 which leads in a west direction to the south of the town. Coming into the city from the east and leaving the town, US Highway 2 branches off from US Highway 7 in a southerly direction . There is a ferry service across Lake Champlain from Burlington to Port Kent in New York State.
The Rutland Railway led to Burlington and on to Alburgh (Vermont) . Today the headquarters of the successor company Vermont Railway is located here . At the moment there are only tourist trips and freight traffic. The reactivation of the passenger connection to Albany (New York) is planned for 2021 or 2022.
Burlington is the headquarters of Burton Snowboards , one of the world's leading manufacturers of snowboards and equipment.
The University of Vermont Medical Center in Burlington is the hospital for Burlington and the surrounding towns.
There are several schools in Burlington City, four elementary schools, the Champlain Elementary , CP Smith Elementary, Edmunds Elementary and the JJ Flynn Elementary, as well as two middle schools, the Edmunds Middle School and the Hunt Middle School , and the Burlington High School .
The Fletcher Free Library is located on College Street in Burlington City.
Burlington has relationships with the following twin cities:
sons and daughters of the town
- Orson Bean (1928-2020), actor
- Aaron Blaise (* 1968), animator and film director
- Harry Blanchard (1931–1960), racing car driver
- Ted Bundy (1946–1989), one of the most famous serial killers in the United States
- Brian D. Burns (born 1939), politician and Lieutenant Governor of Vermont
- Jude Ciccolella (born 1947), actor
- Jimmy Cochran (* 1981), ski racer
- Ryan Cochran-Siegle (* 1992), ski racer
- Grace Coolidge (1879–1957), wife of US President Calvin Coolidge and therefore First Lady of the United States from 1923 to 1929
- Parker Croft (* 1987), film actor and screenwriter
- John Dewey (1859–1952), philosopher and educator
- TJ Donovan (* 1974), politician and Vermont Attorney General
- Brian Dubie (* 1959), politician and lieutenant governor
- Truman Everts (1860-1901), researcher at Washburn-Langford-Doane Expedition participated
- Ed Flanagan (1950-2017), politician, Vermont State Auditor was
- Ana Frohmiller (1891–1971), politician
- Stella Hackel Sims (born 1926), politician, the Vermont State Treasurer and Director of the United States Mint was
- Tristan Honsinger (* 1949), cellist
- Charles Jerome Hopkins (1836–1898), composer, music teacher and promoter
- Jessica Kelley (* 1982), ski racer
- Robby Kelley (* 1990), ski racer
- Tim Kelley (* 1986), ski racer
- Ben Kinmont (* 1963), concept artist
- Jean-Baptiste Labelle (1825–1898), Canadian organist, pianist, composer and conductor
- Daniel Levin (* 1974), jazz and improvisation musician
- John Stephen Michaud (1843–1908), Catholic clergyman, Bishop of Burlington
- Jacqueline Noonan (1928-2020), pediatric cardiologist
- Doug Racine (born 1952), politician and lieutenant governor
- Tyler Saint (born 1965), porn actor
- Helen Searle (1834-1884), still life painter
- Truman Seymour (1824-1891), General of the Union in the American Civil War
- William Sorrell (* 1947), lawyer and politician who for eight terms Vermont Attorney General 's
Personalities who have worked on site
- Raul Hilberg (1926–2007), historian and professor of political science at the University of Vermont .
- Samuel Hitchcock (1755–1813), lawyer, judge, and politician, was the first Vermont Attorney General
- Bernie Sanders (* 1941), former mayor, since 1991 independent member of the House of Representatives for the US state of Vermont , elected to the Senate in 2006.
- City website
- Profile of the community on the official portal www.Vermont.gov (English)
- Entry at VirtualVermont.com (English) ( Memento from October 10, 2016 in the Internet Archive )
- Mayor's Office
- Burlington in the United States Geological Survey's Geographic Names Information System , accessed June 1, 2017
- Population from the 2010 US Census in the American Factfinder
- Index of / geo. In: census.gov. Retrieved May 18, 2019 .
- The International Canal Monuments List
- Population 1790–2010 according to the census results
- Schools in Burlington , accessed June 1, 2017
- City of Burlington, Vermont - Sister Cities , accessed April 22, 2018
- In the fall of 2005, Burlington decided to help the city of Moss, which was devastated by Hurricane Katrina ; a benefit concert was held to raise money for the aid.