Samuel Hitchcock

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Samuel Hitchcock

Samuel Hitchcock (born March 23, 1755 in Brimfield , Province of Massachusetts Bay , † November 20, 1813 in Burlington , Vermont ) was an American lawyer and politician . He was the son-in-law of Ethan Allen .


Samuel Hitchcock was born to Noah and Mary Hitchcock in Brimfield, Massachusetts. He graduated from Harvard College in 1777 . He was admitted to the bar and worked in Worcester , Massachusetts.

He moved to Manchester , Vermont in 1785 and to Burlington in 1786, where he also worked as a lawyer. From 1787 to 1790, Hitchcock District Attorney for Chittenden County . Thereafter, Hitchcock was elected the first Vermont Attorney General . His tenure went from 1790 to 1793. At the same time he was from 1789 to 1793 a member of the House of Representatives from Vermont . He was also a justice of the peace in Burlington.

In 1791, Hitchcock was one of the delegates to the Vermont Assembly, which ratified the United States Constitution, paving the way for Vermont to become the 14th state in the United States.

Hitchcock wrote the University of Vermont's charter and was one of the earliest members of the Board of Trustees and was the Secretary of the Board of Trustees for a long time.

He was a member of the Electoral College in the presidential election of George Washington in 1792 . He cast his ballots for first President Washington and first Vice President and later second President John Adams .

Hitchcock received a Recess Appointment from President Washington on September 3, 1793 for a seat in the United States District Court for the District of Vermont to succeed Nathaniel Chipman . He was officially nominated on December 27, 1793 and ratified by the United States Senate on December 30, 1793.

On February 18, 1801, Hitchcock was nominated by President John Adams for a seat in the newly created United States Circuit Court , a court of second instance. It was created by the 2 Stat. 89 , also known as the Midnight Judges Act . Hitchcock was awarded this seat on February 20, 1801, and received confirmation that same day. His tenure ended on July 1, 1802 when the law was repealed by another that allowed the formation of circuit courts of the states. Hitchcock then returned to Burlington and Vergennes, Vermont, and resumed his practice as a lawyer there until his death.

Hitchcock died in Burlington on November 20, 1813. His grave is in Burlington's Elmwood Cemetery.


Samuel Hitchcock was married to Lucy Caroline Allen (1768-1842), the daughter of Ethan Allen. Children who reached adulthood include:

  • Lorraine Allen Hitchcock (1790-1815),
  • Mary Anne Hitchcock, (1796-1823),
  • Caroline P. Hitchcock (1796-1822),
  • Samuel Hitchcock (1808-1851)

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ William S. Rann, History of Chittenden County, Vermont , 1886, 414
  2. ^ John Davison Lawson, American State Trials , Volume 6, 1916, p. 689
  3. ^ Yale University, Obituary Record of Graduates of Yale University , 1910, 135
  4. ^ Vermont Secretary of State , Vermont Legislative Directory , 1902, 198
  5. James T. White & Company, The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography , Issue 11, 1901, pp. 195-196
  6. ^ Dwight Whitney Marsh, The Genealogy of the Hitchcock Family , 1894, pages 250-251
  7. Lorraine Allen Hitchcock Peters , Find A Grave
  8. ^ American Bar Association, Annual Report: Including Proceedings of the Annual Meeting , Volume 25, 1902, page 772
  9. Mary Anne Hitchcock Parkin , Find A Grave
  10. John SW Parkin at Find A Grave
  11. ^ William Richard Cutter, American Biography: A New Cyclopedia , Issue 11, 1922, p. 211
  12. Caroline P. Hitchcock , Find A Grave
  13. ^ United States Military Academy Association of Graduates, Annual Reunion Report , 1881, 79