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Heads of State · Nekrolog · Music Year

Lisbon earthquake
By the Lisbon earthquake and subsequent tsunami is the city almost totally destroyed.
Battle of the Monongahela
In the Battle of Monongahela , the French and Indians defeat a superior British army.
Giacomo Casanova
The adventurer Giacomo Casanova is imprisoned in the lead chambers in the Doge's Palace in Venice .
Acadia 1754
The Great Displacement of the Acadians in Canada begins.
1755 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1203/04 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1747/48 (turn of the year 11/12 September)
Bengali solar calendar 1160/61 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2298/99 (southern Buddhism); 2297/98 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 74th (75th) cycle

Year of the wood pig乙亥 ( at the beginning of the year wood dog 甲戌)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1117/18 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4088/89 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1133/34 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 1168/69 (New Year 6/7 October)
Jewish calendar 5515/16 (September 5-6)
Coptic calendar 1471/72 (September 11-12)
Malayalam calendar 930/931
Seleucid era Babylon: 2065/66 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2066/67 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1811/12 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

European colonies in North America

Fort Beauséjour around 1755
Le Grand Dérangement - The
deportation of the academics


Pasquale Paoli

Pasquale Paoli returns to Corsica and successfully fights the ruling Republic of Genoa , which is expelled from the interior and enclosed in a few port cities. With the constitution he drafted , he rules the island from the capital, Corte . One of his companions is Carlo Buonaparte .


Iyasu II , negus of Ethiopia from the Solomon dynasty , dies on June 26 under unknown circumstances, possibly of poisoning. He is succeeded by his son Joas I. Since he is only a few months old at this point in time, his grandmother Mentewab leads the reign of the empire which Iyasu has left financially ruined and which also suffers from regional conflicts.



Faience factories

Further start-ups

Money economy

Imperial of Empress Elisabeth, 1755


science and technology

Teaching and Research


Mitchell card


Natural sciences

Title page of General Natural History and Theory of Heaven

Immanuel Kant wrote the General Natural History and Theory of Heaven , which he published anonymously. According to Kant, our solar system is a miniature version of observable fixed star systems , such as our Milky Way system and other galaxies. This is how solar systems and galaxies periodically arise and disappear from a primordial nebula , with the individual planets condensing independently. In the third part of the book, From the Inhabitants of the Stars , Kant develops a theory of extraterrestrial life. After that, the existence of living things on other planets in our solar system is very likely. In addition, Kant formulates a law of distance to the sun, according to which the mental abilities of living beings increase the further away they live from the sun. According to this, living beings on Jupiter are spiritually far superior to humans, while Mercury inhabitants are intellectually clearly inferior to those on earth. From a spiritual superiority also follows a moral superiority, which is why from a spiritual and moral perspective man is no longer to be regarded as the “crown of creation”.

Art history

Title page of Thoughts , 2nd edition, 1756
  • The first work by Johann Joachim Winckelmann , The Thoughts on the Imitation of Greek Works in Painting and Sculpture, appears in Dresden in an edition of almost 50 copies.


Title page of the Amsterdam 1755 edition



Music and theater



Depiction of the alleged murder of Anderl von Rinn


The ruined Lisbon , contemporary German copperplate engraving
  • November 1 : Lisbon earthquake of 1755 : Lisbon is from an earthquake and a subsequent tsunami destroyed 2.3. 30,000 to 100,000 people are killed in Lisbon alone, the entire southern Iberian Peninsula and north-west Africa are affected, as are the Azores, Madeira and the Cape Verde Islands. The quake is registered all over Europe as far as Finland and sometimes causes severe damage in England, Switzerland, the Holy Roman Empire and up to Sweden. As a result of the quake, the Portuguese King José I developed an uncontrollable fear of living within four solid walls and had a tent city built for his court in the hills of Ajuda at the gates of Lisbon, where he would reside until his death . The reconstruction of Lisbon is organized by Sebastião José de Carvalho e Mello .


January to April

Friedrich Wilhelm Bülow von Dennewitz

May to August

September to December

Marie Antoinette as a baby
Gerhard von Scharnhorst
The Duke of Berry (Louis XVI.) And the Count of Provence (Louis XVIII.) 1757

Exact date of birth unknown


January to July

Baron de Montesquieu, 1728
Anastasia Robinson, 1723
The bones of Mentewab, Iyasu II and Joas I kept in Kuskwam ( Gonder ).

August to December

Marie Zéphyrine of France as Madame Royale

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1755  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files