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Battle of Kalisch
Swedish-Polish troops are defeated by a Saxon-Russian force in the Battle of Kalisch during the Great Northern War .
The victorious Prince Eugene, allegorical representation by Jacob van Schuppen
Prince Eugene of Savoy
wins the
Battle of Turin .
John V of Portugal (painting by Pompeo Batoni)
John V becomes
King of Portugal .
1706 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1154/55 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1698/99 (turn of the year 10/11 September)
Bengali solar calendar 1111/12 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2249/50 (southern Buddhism); 2248/49 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 73rd (74th) cycle

Year of the Fire Dog丙戌 ( at the beginning of the year Wood Rooster 乙酉)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1068/69 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4039/40 (October 2-3)
Iranian calendar 1084/85
Islamic calendar 1117/18 (turn of the year 14/15 April)
Jewish calendar 5466/67 (September 8/9)
Coptic Calendar 1422/23 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 881/882
Seleucid era Babylon: 2016/17 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2017/18 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1762/63 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

War of the Spanish Succession

  • January 8th: The last resistance of revolting Bavarian peasants against the imperial-Habsburg occupation is broken in the slaughter of Aidenbach . The imperial troops kill some of the insurgents after they have surrendered and laid down their weapons.
Execution leaflet
Battle of Calcinato

Great Northern War

Campaign of Charles XII. Late 1705 to late 1706
Order of battle near Fraustadt on a schematically depicted landscape
Lyachavichy fortress
  • Mid-March: The siege of Lyachawitschy by the Swedish army under Carl Gustaf Creutz begins.
  • April 27th: After the desertions in the Battle of Fraustadt, thirty Saxon dragoons are sentenced to running the gauntlet, nine are hung on stakes, three are hung from the gallows, two are beheaded and then braided on the wheel.
Battle of Klezk
  • April 30th: Sweden defeats the Russian army reinforced by Cossacks in the Battle of Klezk .
  • May 2: The besieged Polish-Lithuanian garrison in Ljachawitschy surrenders unconditionally to the Swedes. The 1,361-strong crew under the command of the Cossack Ivan Mirovich is taken prisoner of war.
  • August 27th: The Swedish army invades Saxony .
  • September 24th: With the conclusion of the Altranstadt Peace , the Saxon negotiators for August II renounce the Polish crown "forever" and dissolve his alliance with Russia . August himself only found out about this unfavorable contract conclusion in October.
  • October 11th: The siege of Vyborg by Russian troops begins. It is canceled unsuccessfully at the beginning of November.
  • October 29: Swedish-Polish troops are defeated by a Saxon-Russian force in the Battle of Kalisch during the Great Northern War . The victory, however, has no consequences.
  • November 19: August II. Denies the peace of Altranstadt any legal force. On December 1, he meets with Charles XII. of Sweden. On the latter's adamant attitude, he ultimately has to recognize the contract.

Other events in Europe

Adam Mikołaj Sieniawski with the hetman's staff


  • Iyasu I , Negus negest of Ethiopia from the Solomon dynasty , retires to an island in Lake Tana to mourn the death of his preferred concubine . Some of the officials decided, following the case of King Ella Asbeha and supported by Queen Malakotawit , that Iyasu had resigned and crowned his son Tekle Haymanot I as emperor on March 27 in Gonder . Iyasu returns from his hermitage in response. However, he fell ill on the way and was murdered on October 13th at the behest of his son. The death of the popular ruler is widely mourned and the new emperor can never shake off the stain of parricide and is referred to as "Tekle Haymanot the Cursed".


science and technology




Bust of Bartholomäus Ziegenbalg in Tranquebar


  • November 3: In Abruzzo, an earthquake occurs in the Sulmona area , causing damage to property and more than a thousand deaths.
  • The Danish slave ship Kron-Printzen sinks in a storm with 820 slaves on board.

nature and environment


First half of the year

First known portrait of Franklin by Robert Feke (c. 1746)

Second half of the year

Exact date of birth unknown


First quarter

Second quarter

Third quarter

Fourth Quarter

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1706  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files