- 1664 : New Amsterdam comes to England as New York .
- 1665 : Great plague of London .
- 1666 : Great fire of London .
- 1667 : The world's first art exhibition opens in the Salon du Louvre .
- 1669 : First edition of "Simplicissimus" by Hans Jakob Christoffel von Grimmelshausen .
- Louis XIV , King of France and Navarre
- Leopold I , Holy Roman Emperor of the German Nation, King of Hungary, King of Bohemia
- Philip IV , King of Spain, Naples, Sicily and Portugal
- Charles II , King of Spain, Naples and Sicily
- Friedrich Wilhelm , Elector of Brandenburg
- Clement IX , Pope
- Alexander VII , Pope
- Alexei I , Tsar in Russia
- Charles II , King of England, Scotland and Ireland
- Go-Sai , Emperor of Japan
- Reigen , Emperor of Japan
- Kangxi , Emperor of China