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Heads of State · Nekrolog · Year of Literature

Charles II
With Charles II the monarchy
is reinstated in England .
Copper engraving: Kaspar David von Stieler
Kaspar von Stieler publishes the collection of poems Die Geharnscht Venus .
The Treaty of Oliva
Sweden and Poland-Lithuania close the Treaty of Oliva .
1660 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1108/09 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1652/53 (September 10-11)
Bengali solar calendar 1065/66 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2203/04 (southern Buddhism); 2202/03 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 72nd (73rd) cycle

Year of the Metal Rat庚子 ( at the beginning of the Earth Pig year 己亥)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1022/23 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3993/94 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1038/39
Islamic calendar 1070/71 (September 5-6)
Jewish calendar 5420/21 (September 5-6)
Coptic calendar 1376/77 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 835/836
Seleucid era Babylon: 1970/71 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1971/72 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1716/17 (April)


Politics and world events


Development of the Swedish empire until 1660

England / Netherlands

  • The Republic of the United Netherlands donated 24 mostly Italian Renaissance paintings to King Charles II of England to improve the relationship between the two countries. The Dutch gift will become a bone of contention between the political groups in the Netherlands for the next few years.


The wedding of Ludwig and Maria Theresa

Other events in Europe

American colonies

South Africa

Africa map of the year 1660


Wasertaler from 1660

science and technology



Samuel Pepys (1666); Painting by John Hayls; National Portrait Gallery (London)
Mary Dyer's execution
  • May 31 : Quaker Mary Dyer is sentenced to death for the second time in Boston for entering town to protest the Quaker banishment . She is hanged the following day.

Historical maps and views

Louis XIV in Paris (1660)


First half of the year

George I.

Second half of the year

Exact date of birth unknown

Daniel Defoe

Born around 1660


First half of the year

Elisabeth Charlotte von der Pfalz, Electress of Brandenburg

Second half of the year

Diego Velázquez

Exact date of death unknown

Judith Leyster

Web links

Commons : 1660  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files