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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Henry III.  from France
Henry III. becomes
king of France .
Murad III
Murad III becomes Sultan of the Ottoman Empire .
Map of the Juan Fernández Islands
The Spanish navigator Juan Fernández
discovers the Juan Fernández Islands .
1574 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1022/23 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1566/67
Buddhist calendar 2117/18 (southern Buddhism); 2116/17 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 71st (72nd) cycle

Year of the Wood Dog甲戌 ( at the beginning of the year water tap 癸酉)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 936/937 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3907/08 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 952/953
Islamic calendar 981/982 (turn of the year 22/23 April)
Jewish calendar 5334/35 (September 15/16)
Coptic calendar 1290/91
Malayalam calendar 749/750
Seleucid era Babylon: 1884/85 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1885/86 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1630/31 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events


Battle of the Mookerheide
Aid delivery after the flood

On January 29, the rebellious Netherlands succeeded in conquering Middelburg , a city that sympathized with the Spaniards, during the Eighty Years War . They then try to come to the aid of the city ​​of Leiden, which is besieged by the Spanish troops under Luis de Zúñiga y Requesens , but suffer a heavy defeat at Mook en Middelaar on April 14th in the battle of the Mooker Heide , in which two brothers Wilhelm von Orange fall. The siege of suffering continues. It was not until October 3rd that the Wassergeusen succeeded in relieving the city after they had flooded the surrounding area by breaking the dykes .

France / Poland-Lithuania

The French King Charles IX. dies of consumption on May 30th at the age of 23 . He is followed by his brother Heinrich III. on the throne of France ; he renounces the throne of Poland-Lithuania , which he ascended only last year . A follow-up discussion then breaks out in the Polish aristocratic republic .

Russia / Siberia

Ottoman Empire


South America




Matthias Flacius, initiator of the Magdeburg Centuries

The thirteenth and last published volume of the Magdeburg Centuries , a church history from the perspective of the Reformation , appears. The initiator of the work is Matthias Flacius , the main processor is Johannes Wigand . Most of the work took place on the premises of the St. Ulrich and Levin Church in Magdeburg . The Basel humanist Johannes Oporinus acts as the publisher .

Historical maps and views

Whaling 1574


Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown

Robert Fludd


First half of the year

Joachim Camerarius
Charles IX from France

Second half of the year

Tomb of Sultan Selim II.

Web links

Commons : 1574  - Collection of Images, Videos and Audio Files