Calendar overview 1622
|Battle of Mingolsheim .||Paris von Lodron opens the University of Salzburg .|
Johann t'Serclaes von Tilly are victorious at the Battle of Höchst .
|1622 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1070/71 (July turn of the year)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1614/15 (10/11 September)|
|Bengali solar calendar||1027/28 (beginning of the year April 14 or 15)|
|Buddhist calendar||2165/66 (Southern Buddhism); 2164/65 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||71st (72nd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||984/985 (New Year's April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||3955/56 (October 2nd/3rd)|
|Islamic calendar||1031/32 (change of the year November 4th/5th)|
|Jewish calendar||5382/83 (September 4th/5th)|
|Coptic calendar||1338/39 (September 10/11)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1932/33 (April turn of the year)
Syria: 1933/34 (October turn of the year)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese calendar)||1678/79 (April)|
politics and world affairs
Europe / Thirty Years War / Eighty Years War
- January 21: Christian von Halberstadt captures Soest .
- 3 February: Jülich , under Dutch occupation , surrenders to the Spanish under Ambrosio Spinola after a siege of several months .
- April 5: In the Prättigau , reformed Grisons rise up against the rule of Archduke Leopold V of Tyrol and expel the Austrian troops from Graubünden .
- April 27: In the Battle of Mingolsheim , the combined armies of Mansfeld and Georg Friedrich von Baden-Durlach defeat the Imperials under Tilly in the Thirty Years' War .
- May 6: In the Battle of Wimpfen , League troops under Johann t'Serclaes von Tilly and González Hernandez de Córdoba win over the Palatinate troops under Margrave Georg Friedrich von Baden-Durlach .
- June 5: Christian von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel 's troops burn down the town of Kirdorf after winning the battle of Kirdorf the previous year .
- June 20: At the Battle of Höchst , Catholic troops under General Tilly defeat Protestant mercenaries of Duke Christian of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel . Many of the duke's soldiers drown in a panic flight in the Main when they are about to retreat across a ship's bridge.
- August 29: In the Battle of Fleurus , Ernst von Mansfeld 's and Christian von Halberstadt 's troops and the Spanish troops under General Córdoba fought a losing battle.
- September 5: With the defeat of the Bündner troops under Rudolf von Salis on the Aquasana near Saas against the Austrian troops under Alvig von Sulz and Alois Baldiron , the Prättigau uprising ends during the Bündner turmoil .
- September 19: Tilly captures Heidelberg . From December, the Bibliotheca Palatina will be transported to Rome, where it will be in the possession of Pope Gregory XV. reached.
- September 30th: Lindau treaty between the Grauer Bund, the Gotteshausbund and Archduke Leopold V. Part of Graubünden comes under Austrian rule again, the other part is open to the passage of imperial and Spanish troops.
- April 16: Royal troops of Louis XIII. are victorious in the battle near Riez over Huguenot units .
- May 4–11: At the end of the Siege of Royan , royal troops capture the Huguenot city of Royan .
- May to October: Blockade of La Rochelle
- June: Siege of Saint-Antonin
- October: Siege of Montpellier
- In France , the troupe of the Mousquetaires de la garde is founded.
- Portugal loses Hormuz to the English . English explorer William Baffin was killed on January 23 during the siege of the Portuguese fort on the island .
- March 22 Pamunkey Indians under Sachem Opechancanough raid farms and homes around Jamestown , Virginia in James City County. With his warriors he destroys over seventy English settlements. Of the more than 1,200 men and women in the colony, 347 are killed in what is known as the Jamestown Massacre . When the survivors summon Opechancanough and his leaders to a meeting, they attack the Indians, but Opechancanough escapes.
- Spring to Summer: Siamese-Cambodian War 1622
- Upayuvaraja I , who has ruled the Laotian kingdom of Lan Xang since last year , dies under mysterious circumstances. His successor is Pho Thisarath II.
- Despite good harvests, the Thirty Years' War led to particularly high inflation in Europe, peaking in 1622 during the " Kipper and Wipper period ".
- Christian von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel has the Pfaffenfeindtaler minted – presumably from the treasury of the plundered Paderborn Cathedral .
- A wide thaler is minted in Magdeburg , which will soon be popularly known as the “ Hurenkarrentaler ”.
- The Pallastaler is minted for the first time in Sachsen-Weimar .
science and technology
- Gaspare Aselli discovers the intestinal lymph vessels .
- Opening of the University of Salzburg by its founder, Prince Archbishop Paris Lodron .
- Sebastian Vrancx : Ice amusement on the moat
- March 12: Pope Gregory XV. canonizes Ignatius of Loyola , Francis Xavier , Teresa of Ávila , Isidore of Seville and Philip Neri .
- Gävle fishermen build Ulvö gamla kapell in Ulvöhamn .
- Founding of the Capuchin monastery in Dinkelsbühl .
- September 6: The Spanish galleon Nuestra Señora de Atocha , heavily laden, sinks in a hurricane off the Florida coast . 260 men die on board, only five survive the accident. It wasn't until 1985 that treasure hunter Mel Fisher discovered the shipwreck, which was valued at $400 million.
- End of the year: Simultaneously with the onset of the plague , the famine winter in Graubünden 1622/23 begins .
First half of the year
- Peter Appelmann , Swedish magistrate and tenant farmer († 1705) January 2:
- January 11: Louis de Lorraine , Duke of Joyeuse (died 1654)
- January 14 (probably): Molière , actually Jean-Baptiste Poquelin, French actor, theater director and playwright († 1673)
- January 14: Francis III. Nádasdy , Hungarian crown judge and general († 1671)
- January 16: Anna Margareta von Haugwitz , wife of the Swedish military leader and statesman Carl Gustav von Wrangel († 1673)
- January 20: Daniel Bernhardi , Protestant theologian († 1707)
- January 28: Adrien Auzout , French physicist and astronomer (died 1691)
- Christian of Hesse-Kassel , landgrave prince, Swedish colonel († 1640) February 5:
- Vittoria della Rovere , Grand Duchess of Tuscany (died 1694) February 7:
- February 23 Robert Treat , English colonist and governor of the Colony of Connecticut (died 1710)
- February 24: Johannes Clauberg , German theologian and philosopher (died 1665)
- February 25: Christian Ludwig , Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg († 1665)
- Friedrich Ulrich Calixt , German theologian († 1701) March 8:
- March 13: Lawrence Rooke , English astronomer and mathematician (d. 1662)
- March 17 Hans Jakob Christoffel von Grimmelshausen , German writer (died 1676)
- March 25: Isidoro Affaitati , Italian military engineer and architect (died c. 1684)
- Vincenzo Viviani , Florentine mathematician and physicist (died 1703) April 5:
- Lebrecht , Prince of Anhalt-Köthen († 1669) April 8:
- April 18: Luise Hollandine of the Palatinate , abbess of Maubuisson, painter and engraver († 1709)
- Silvius Nimrod I , Duke of Württemberg-Oels († 1664) May 2:
- Juan de Valdés Leal , Spanish painter and sculptor (d. 1690) May 4:
- May 12: Louis de Buade , French colonial official and governor of New France (d. 1698)
Second half of the year
- John Carew , English politician (died 1660) July 3:
- July 15: Karl Heinrich von Metternich-Winneburg , Archbishop and Elector of Mainz and Prince-Bishop of Worms († 1679)
- July 26: Christian August , Prince of Wittelsbach, Duke of Palatinate-Sulzbach († 1708)
- August 27: Jakob Thomasius , Saxon teacher, philosopher and humanist († 1684)
- September 22: Jacques Savary , French merchant and co-founder of commercial science († 1690)
- September 24: George Handel , father of George Frideric Handel († 1697)
- Anna Salome von Salm-Reifferscheidt , abbess of Essen Abbey († 1688) 4 October:
- October 15: Magnus Gabriel De la Gardie , Swedish count, imperial marshal, imperial drost and imperial chancellor († 1686)
- Charles X Gustav , King of Sweden (died 1660) November 8:
- November 20: Bernhard Schultze , German legal scholar and cameralist († 1687)
- December 26: Cort Adeler , Danish-Norwegian admiral (d. 1675)
Exact date of birth unknown
- Ignatius Andreas Akhidjan , Catholic Patriarch (died 1677)
- Abraham Diepraem , Dutch painter († 1670)
- Bankei Eitaku , Japanese Zen master (died 1693)
- Berend Jacobsen Karpfanger , captain of the convoy ship "Wappen von Hamburg", which defended Hamburg against pirates († 1683)
- Ernst Ludwig von Remchingen , German lieutenant colonel and bailiff († 1689)
Date of death secured
- Alix Le Clerc , French religious sister and founder, Catholic Blessed (b. 1576) January 9:
- January 23: William Baffin , English explorer (b. 1584)
- January 25: Karl Filip of Sweden , Duke of Södermanland (b. 1601)
- January 26: Khusrau Mirza , eldest son of Mughal emperor Jahangir and brother of Shah Jahan (b. 1587)
- Jacob Studer , Swiss bibliophile and librarian (b. 1574) February 4:
- – Martin Behm , German novelist and hymn writer (b. 1557) February 5
- February 19: Henry Savile , English scholar (b. 1549)
- February 22: Heinrich Eckstorm , German Protestant theologian and educator (b. 1557)
- Ranuccio I Farnese , Duke of Parma and Piacenza (b. 1569) March 5:
- Cornelis Fransz. de Witt , Dutch politician (b. 1545) April 3:
- April 13: Katharina Kepler , mother of Johannes Kepler and accused in a witch trial (b. 1546)
- April 15: Leandro Bassano , Italian painter (b. 1557)
- April 20: Petro Konashevich-Sahaidachnyj , Ataman of the Zaporozhian Cossacks (b. 1570)
- April 24: Fidelis von Sigmaringen , German philosopher and jurist, Catholic religious priest and martyr (b. 1578)
- May 20: Osman II , Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (b. 1604)
- May 29: Johann Salmuth , German Lutheran theologian (b. 1552)
- August 29: Frederick of Saxe-Weimar , colonel in the Thirty Years' War (b. 1596)
- Peter de Spina II , German physician (b. 1563) October 7:
- Johann the Younger , Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg (b. 1545) 9 October:
- 13 October: Francesco Gonzaga , Duke of Rethel (b. 1606)
- October 26: Sebastián de Vivanco , Spanish composer (b. c. 1550)
- 31 October: Ulrich von Pomerania , evangelical Bishop of Cammin and (non-ruling) Duke of Pomerania (b. 1589)
- Jan Lohelius , Abbot of Strahov and Archbishop of Prague (b. 1549) 2 November:
- Sophie of Brandenburg , Electress of Saxony (b. 1568) December 7:
- December 12: Bartolomeo Manfredi , Italian painter (b. 1582)
- December 28: Francis de Sales , Bishop of Geneva/Annecy, founder of an order and Doctor of the Church (b. 1567)
- December 29: Johann Gottfried I of Aschhausen , Prince-Bishop of Würzburg and Bamberg (b. 1575)
Exact date of death unknown
- December: Pjetër Budi , Albanian bishop of Sapa and Sarda (b. 1566)
- Šimon Lomnický z Budče , Czech writer (born 1552)
- Giovanni Battista Grillo , Italian organist and composer (b. c. 1570)
- Jakub Horčický z Tepence , Bohemian physician, pharmacist and chemist (b. c. 1575)