Calendar overview 1622
|Battle of Mingolsheim .||Paris by Lodron opens the University of Salzburg .|
battle of Höchst
the imperial soldiers under Johann t'Serclaes von Tilly win .
|1622 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1070/71 (turn of the year July)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1614/15 (10/11 September)|
|Bengali solar calendar||1027/28 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)|
|Buddhist calendar||2165/66 (southern Buddhism); 2164/65 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||71st (72nd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||984/985 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||3955/56 (October 2/3)|
|Islamic calendar||1031/32 (turn of the year 4th / 5th November)|
|Jewish calendar||5382/83 (September 4th / 5th)|
|Coptic calendar||1338/39 (September 10-11)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1932/33 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1933/34 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1678/79 (April)|
Politics and world events
Europe / Thirty Years War / Eighty Years War
- January 21 : Christian von Halberstadt conquers Soest .
- February 3 : Jülich under Dutch occupation surrenders to the Spaniards under Ambrosio Spinola after a siege of several months .
- April 5 : In the Prättigau , Reformed Graubünden residents rise up against the rule of Archduke Leopold V of Tyrol and drive the Austrian troops out of Graubünden .
- April 27 : In the Battle of Mingolsheim , the combined armies of Mansfeld and Georg Friedrich von Baden-Durlach defeat the imperial army under Tilly in the Thirty Years' War .
- May 6th : In the battle of Wimpfen , league troops under Johann t'Serclaes von Tilly and González Hernandez de Córdoba win over the Palatinate troops under Margrave Georg Friedrich von Baden-Durlach .
- June 5 : Christian von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel's troops burn down the town of Kirdorf after the battle of Kirdorf they won last year .
- June 20 : In the Battle of Höchst , Catholic troops under General Tilly defeat Protestant mercenaries of Duke Christian von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel . Many of the Duke's soldiers drown on a panicked escape in the Main when they were supposed to retreat over a ship bridge.
- August 29 : In the Battle of Fleurus , the troops of Ernst von Mansfeld and Christian von Halberstadt as well as the Spanish troops under General Córdoba engage in a losing battle.
- September 5 : With the defeat of the Bündner troops under Rudolf von Salis on the Aquasana near Saas against the Austrian troops under Alvig von Sulz and Alois Baldiron , the Prättigau uprising during the Bündner turmoil ends .
- September 19 : Tilly conquers Heidelberg . The Bibliotheca Palatina will be transported to Rome from December, where it will come into the possession of Pope Gregory XV. got.
- September 30th : Lindau Treaty between the Gray League, the Church of God and Archduke Leopold V. Part of Graubünden comes under Austrian rule again, the other part is open to the passage of imperial and Spanish troops.
- April 16 : Royal troops of Louis XIII. win the battle at Riez over units of the Huguenots .
- 4. bis 11. May : At the end of the siege of Royan royal troops conquer the Huguenot city of Royan .
- May to October: blockade of La Rochelle
- June: Siege of Saint-Antonin
- October: Siege of Montpellier
- March 5th : Odoardo I Farnese inherits his father Ranuccio I Farnese as Duke of Parma and Piacenza .
- Portugal loses Hormuz to the English . During the siege of the Portuguese fort on the island on January 23, the English explorer William Baffin was killed.
- March 22 : Pamunkey Indians, under Sachem Opechancanough, raid farms and homes around Jamestown , Virginia, James City County. With his warriors he destroyed over seventy English settlements. Of the more than 1,200 men and women in the colony, 347 are killed in the so-called Jamestown massacre . When the survivors ask Opechancanough and his leaders for a meeting, they attack the Indians, but Opechancanough escapes.
- Spring to Summer: Siamo-Cambodian War 1622
- Upayuvaraja I. , who has ruled the Laotian Kingdom of Lan Xang since the previous year , is killed under unexplained circumstances. He is succeeded by Pho Thisarath II.
- Despite good harvests, there was a particularly strong rise in prices in Europe due to the Thirty Years' War , with the high point in 1622, the " tipper and luffing period ".
- Christian von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel has the Pfaffenfeindtaler minted - probably from the treasure trove of the looted Paderborn Cathedral .
- In Magdeburg , a broad thaler is minted, which will soon be popularly known as the " Hurenkarrentaler ".
- The Pallastaler is minted for the first time in Saxony-Weimar .
science and technology
- Gaspare Aselli discovers the intestinal lymph vessels .
- Opening of the University of Salzburg by its founder, Prince Archbishop Paris Lodron .
- Sebastian Vrancx : Ice cream fun on the moat
- March 12 : Pope Gregory XV. speaks Ignatius of Loyola , Francis Xavier , Teresa of Ávila , Isidore of Seville and Philip Neri sacred.
- Gävle fishermen set up the Ulvö gamla kapell in Ulvöhamn .
- Founding of the Dinkelsbühl Capuchin Monastery .
- September 6th : The Spanish galleon Nuestra Señora de Atocha goes down with a heavy load in a hurricane off the coast of Florida . 260 men are killed on board, only five survive the accident. It was not until 1985 that the treasure hunter Mel Fisher discovered the shipwreck with a value of 400 million US dollars.
- End of the year: Simultaneously with the onset of the plague , the starvation winter in Graubünden began in 1622/23 .
First half of the year
- January 2 : Peter Appelmann , Swedish governor and landlord († 1705 )
- January 11 : Louis de Lorraine , Duke of Joyeuse († 1654 )
- January 14 (presumably): Molière , actually Jean-Baptiste Poquelin, French actor, theater director and playwright († 1673 )
- January 14th : Franz III. Nádasdy , Hungarian chief judge and general († 1671 )
- January 20 : Daniel Bernhardi , Protestant theologian († 1707 )
- January 28 : Adrien Auzout , French physicist and astronomer († 1691 )
- February 7th : Vittoria della Rovere , Grand Duchess of Tuscany († 1694 )
- February 24 : Johannes Clauberg , German theologian and philosopher († 1665)
- February 25 : Christian Ludwig , Duke of Braunschweig-Lüneburg († 1665 )
- March 8 : Friedrich Ulrich Calixt , German theologian († 1701 )
- March 17 Hans Jakob Christoffel von Grimmelshausen , German writer († 1676 )
- March 25 : Isidoro Affaitati , Italian military engineer and architect († around 1684 )
- April 18 : Luise Hollandine von der Pfalz , Abbess of Maubuisson, painter and engraver († 1709 )
- May 2 : Silvius Nimrod I , Duke of Württemberg-Oels († 1664 )
- May 12 : Louis de Buade , French colonial administrator and governor of New France († 1698 )
Second half of the year
- July 15 : Karl Heinrich von Metternich-Winneburg , Archbishop and Elector of Mainz and Prince-Bishop of Worms († 1679 )
- July 26 : Christian August , Prince of Wittelsbach, Duke of Palatinate-Sulzbach († 1708 )
- September 22nd : Jacques Savary , French businessman and co-founder of commercial science († 1690 )
- September 24 : Georg Handel , father of Georg Friedrich Handel († 1697 )
- October 4 : Anna Salome von Salm-Reifferscheidt , abbess of the Essen monastery († 1688 )
- October 15 : Magnus Gabriel de la Gardie , Swedish Count, Reichsmarschall, Reichsdrost and Reich Chancellor († 1686 )
- November 8 : Karl X. Gustav , King of Sweden († 1660 )
- November 20 : Bernhard Schultze , German legal scholar and camerawoman († 1687 )
- December 26 : Cort Adeler , Danish-Norwegian admiral († 1675 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Ignatius Andreas Akhidjan , Catholic Patriarch († 1677 )
- Abraham Diepraem , Dutch painter († 1670 )
- Bankei Eitaku , Japanese Zen master († 1693 )
- Berend Jacobsen Karpfanger , captain of the convoy ship "Wappen von Hamburg", which defended Hamburg against pirates († 1683 )
First half of the year
- January 9th : Alix Le Clerc , French nun and founder of the order, blessed Catholic (* 1576 )
- January 23 : William Baffin , English explorer (* 1584 )
- January 25 : Karl Filip of Sweden , Duke of Södermanland (* 1601 )
- February 4 : Jacob Studer , Swiss bibliophile and librarian (* 1574 )
- February 5 : Martin Behm , German writer and hymn writer (* 1557 )
- February 19 : Henry Savile , English scholar (* 1549 )
- February 22nd : Heinrich Eckstorm , German Protestant theologian and educator (* 1557 )
- April 13 : Katharina Kepler , mother of Johannes Kepler and accused in a witch trial (* 1546 )
- April 15 : Leandro Bassano , Italian painter (* 1557 )
- April 24th : Fidelis von Sigmaringen , German philosopher and lawyer, Catholic religious priest and martyr (* 1578 )
Second half of the year
- October 9 : Johann the Younger , Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg (* 1545 )
- October 13 : Francesco Gonzaga , Duke of Rethel (* 1606 )
- October 26 : Sebastián de Vivanco , Spanish composer (* around 1550 )
- October 31 : Ulrich von Pomerania , Protestant Bishop of Cammin and (non-ruling) Duke of Pomerania (* 1589 )
- December 7th : Sophie von Brandenburg , Electress of Saxony (* 1568 )
- December 12th : Bartolomeo Manfredi , Italian painter (* 1582 )
- December 28 : Franz von Sales , Bishop of Geneva / Annecy, founder of the order and doctor of the church (* 1567 )
- December 29th : Johann Gottfried I von Aschhausen , Prince-Bishop of Würzburg and Bamberg (* 1575 )
Exact date of death unknown
- December: Pjetër Budi , Albanian bishop of Sapa and Sarda (* 1566 )
- Šimon Lomnický z Budče , Czech writer (* 1552 )
- Giovanni Battista Grillo , Italian organist and composer (* around 1570 )
- Jakub Horčický z Tepence , Bohemian doctor, pharmacist and chemist (* around 1575 )