Calendar overview 1619
|Ferdinand II is crowned Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire .||Johannes Kepler publishes the Harmonice Mundi with Kepler's third law .|
Friedrich V of the Palatinate is in Prague's Wenceslas Chapel
the King of Bohemia crowned.
|1619 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1067/68 (turn of the year July)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1611/12 (11/12 September)|
|Bengali solar calendar||1024/25 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)|
|Buddhist calendar||2162/63 (southern Buddhism); 2161/62 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||71st (72nd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||981/982 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||3952/53 (October 2/3)|
|Islamic calendar||1028/29 (turn of the year 7/8 December)|
|Jewish calendar||5379/80 (September 8/9)|
|Coptic calendar||1335/36 (September 11-12)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1929/30 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1930/31 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1675/76 (April)|
Politics and world events
Thirty Years' War
- March 20 : Emperor Matthias dies in Vienna . His cousin Ferdinand II succeeds him as Archduke of Austria .
- April 22nd : Heinrich Matthias von Thurn marches into Moravia with an army to persuade the Moravian estates to join the Bohemian uprising .
- April 30th : Wallenstein attempts to bring his Moravian regiment to Vienna in order to remove it from the influence of the Bohemian rebels and to unite with the imperial army.
- May 2nd : The Brno State Parliament joins the uprising of the estates. He arrives in Vienna on May 5th .
- May 11 : Wallenstein was expelled from the country forever by the Moravian estates and loses all of his goods and possessions in Moravia.
- May 29th : Bohemian troops under Heinrich Matthias von Thurn conquer Laa an der Thaya .
- June 5 : With the “ storm petition ” in the Vienna Hofburg, the Lower Austrian Protestant representatives of Archduke Ferdinand, led by Paul Jakob von Starhemberg, try in vain to obtain a peace waiver with the rebellious Bohemia and concessions with regard to the practice of the Protestant faith.
- June 6th : The Bohemian estates under Heinrich Matthias von Thurn stand before Vienna . An unsuccessful siege of the city follows until June 12th .
- June 10th : In the Battle of Sablat during the Thirty Years' War in Bohemia, the imperial troops under Field Marshal Charles de Bucquoy are successful through Protestant units from Ernst von Mansfeld .
- July 31 : The Bohemian Confederation is concluded in Prague , an alliance treaty of the non-Catholic estates of the Bohemian crown lands . Bohemia is converted into an elective monarchy and Protestants are put on an equal footing with Catholics.
- August 19 : The uprising of the estates in Bohemia leads to the deposition of the Bohemian King Ferdinand II from the House of Habsburg .
- August 20 : Prince Bethlen Gábor of Transylvania concludes an attack alliance with the Bohemian estates.
- August 25th : Bethlen Gábor is elected King of Hungary by the Diet of Neusohl .
- August 26th : Frederick V of the Palatinate is elected King of Bohemia in place of the deposed Ferdinand.
- August 28 : Ferdinand II is elected as the successor of the late Matthias as Roman-German Emperor. In the election, Ferdinand exercises the voting rights of Bohemia, which leads to unanimity in the election. The coronation will take place on September 9th in Frankfurt am Main.
- September 26th : Heinrich Matthias von Thurn besieges Vienna a second time without success with the support of Bethlen Gábor.
- October 8th : Duke Maximilian I of Bavaria undertakes in the Munich Treaty to support Emperor Ferdinand II with an army to fend off the Bohemian uprising . The emperor promised him the Palatinate electoral dignity and the incorporation of the Upper Palatinate into Bavaria.
- October 14th : Battle and capture of Pressburg . Defeat of the imperial troops under Rudolf von Tiefenbach against Bethlen Gábor
- October 24th to 26th : Karl Bonaventura Count von Buquoy defends Vienna against the Bohemian armed forces under Heinrich Matthias von Thurn
- November 4 : Frederick V of the Palatinate is in Prague's Wenceslas Chapel the King of Bohemia crowned.
- November 7th : Elisabeth Stuart , wife of the Bohemian ruler Frederick I , who had been crowned three days earlier, is crowned Queen of Bohemia in St. Vitus Cathedral in Prague .
Voyages of discovery
- February 12 : To the southwest of Cape Horn , Bartolomé García de Nodal and his brother Gonzalo discover a group of islands in the Pacific , the present-day Diego Ramírez Islands .
- July 30th : Virginia holds the first General Assembly of Virginia, the first legislative assembly of citizens in United States history , in Jamestown .
- August 20 : The Atlantic slave trade reaches the North American continent . The first 20 black slaves arrive in Jamestown, Virginia on a Dutch ship .
- March 2 : The Hamburg bank , founded by the City Council of Hamburg to facilitate trade for merchants, begins business operations.
science and technology
- October 18 : A scientific colloquium takes place in Ulm on the question of whether comets are God's wonderful signs of calamity or natural phenomena.
- In Augsburg, the German cartographer Johann Christoph Hurter published a map of the entire Iller river basin ( Illerae Amnis ac utrinque adiacentis Alemanniae Geographica Descriptio. Des Illerstroms and the surrounding Allgöws detailed description ), which is considered to be the oldest topographical representation of the Allgäu.
- June 1 : The German baroque composer Heinrich Schütz , who has been court conductor at the court of Elector Johann Georg I in Dresden since the beginning of the year, as successor to Rogier Michael , publishes David's psalms on his wedding day , in which he describes the Venetian polychoralism learned from Giovanni Gabrieli adapted.
- May 9th : The Dordrecht Synod ends. The doctrine of the Remonstrants is rejected, the Remonstrant Johan van Oldenbarnevelt is sentenced to death and executed on May 13th . His co-defendant Hugo Grotius is sentenced to prison and confiscated his property.
Historical maps and views
First half of the year
- January 6 : Gebhard von Alvensleben , German historian († 1681 )
- January 14 : Alexander von Spaen , Field Marshal General of Brandenburg († 1692 )
- January 19 : Johann Caspar von Ampringen , Grand Master of the Teutonic Order, Governor of Silesia and Duke of Freudenthal († 1684 )
- January 31 : Florentius Schuyl , Dutch physician and botanist († 1669 )
- February 24 : Charles Lebrun , French painter and ornament draftsman († 1690 )
- February 26 : Giulio Cesare Arresti , Italian organist, conductor and composer († 1701 )
- March 2 : Marcantonio Giustinian , 107th Doge of Venice († 1688 )
- March 6 : Cyrano von Bergerac , French writer († 1655 )
- March 28 : Moritz , Duke of Saxony-Zeitz († 1681 )
- April 2 : Anna Sophia I , Abbess of the Quedlinburg Monastery († 1680 )
- April 2 : Onofrio Gabrielli , Italian painter († 1706 )
- April 16 : Jan van Riebeeck , Dutch ship's doctor, merchant and colony administrator († 1677 )
Second half of the year
- June 24 : Rijklof van Goens , Governor of Ceylon and Governor General of the Dutch East Indies († 1682 )
- July 3 : Taco van Glins , Dutch legal scholar († 1673 )
- July 16 : Pedro Abarca , Spanish theologian and historian († 1697 )
- July 16 : Abraham Delosea , Swiss Protestant clergyman and local researcher († 1690 )
- August 6 : Barbara Strozzi , Italian singer and composer († 1677 )
- August 8 : Francesco Maria Farnese , cardinal and regent of the Duchy of Parma († 1647 )
- August 24 : Johann Jakob Redinger , Swiss Protestant clergyman, philologist and headmaster († 1688 )
- August 27 : Anne Geneviève de Bourbon-Condé , Duchess of Longueville († 1679 )
- October 7 : Wang Fuzhi , Chinese philosopher, historian and political analyst († 1692 )
- October 8 : Philipp von Zesen , German writer († 1689 )
- October 10 : Elisabeth Sophia of Saxe-Altenburg , Duchess of Saxe-Gotha († 1680 )
- October 21 : Camillo Astalli , Italian cardinal († 1663 )
- October 27 : Friedrich Ludwig von Pfalz-Zweibrücken-Landsberg , Duke of Pfalz-Landsberg and Pfalz-Zweibrücken († 1681 )
- December 27 : Ruprecht von der Pfalz, Duke of Cumberland , generalissimo of all royal British armies and English admiral († 1682 )
- December 28 : Antoine Furetière , French writer, scholar and lexicographer († 1688 )
Exact date of birth unknown
First half of the year
- January 7th : Nicholas Hilliard , English miniature painter and seal cutter (* around 1547 )
- January 20 : Éléonore de Bourbon-Condé , Princess of Orange (* 1587 )
- February 25 : Georg von Schoenaich , important German humanist and supporter of the Reformation (* 1557 )
- March 8th : Veit Bach , progenitor of the Bach family
- March 13 : Richard Burbage , English actor and theater owner (* around 1567 )
- March 20 : Matthias , Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation (* 1557 )
- March 23 : Georg Gotthart , author of three games (* 1552 ?)
- May 13 : Johan van Oldenbarnevelt , Dutch statesman and diplomat (* 1547 )
- May 21 : Girolamo Fabrizio , anatomist and founder of modern embryology (* 1537 )
Second half of the year
- July 20 : Virgil Pingitzer , German-Austrian legal scholar (* 1541 )
- July 22nd : Laurentius von Brindisi , Italian theologian (* 1559 )
- August 3 : Dorothy Percy, Countess of Northumberland , English noblewoman (* 1561 )
- August 18th : Dorothea Meermann , victim of the Bernauer witch hunts (* 1547 )
- October 9 : Markus Sittikus von Hohenems , Prince Archbishop of Salzburg (* 1574 )
- October 25 : Anton II , Count of Delmenhorst (* 1550 )
- December 5 : Helwig Garth , German Lutheran theologian (* 1579 )
- December 23 : Öküz Mehmed Pascha , Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
- December 31 : Simon Sten , German pedagogue, ethnologist, philologist, historian and literary scholar (* 1540 )