1616

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Heads of State · Nekrolog

1616
Nurhaci
Nurhaci proclaims the Qing Dynasty in China .
William Shakespeare, portrait from the first folio edition by Martin Droeshout
William Shakespeare dies in Stratford-upon-Avon .
The execution of Vinzenz Fettmilch, woodcut 1616
The leaders of the Fettmilch uprising
are executed on the Frankfurt Rossmarkt.
1616 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1064/65 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1608/09 (September 10/11)
Bengali solar calendar 1021/22 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2159/60 (southern Buddhism); 2158/59 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 71st (72nd) cycle

Year of the fire dragon丙辰 ( at the beginning of the year wood bunny 乙卯)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 978/979 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3949/50 (2-3 October)
Iranian calendar 994/995
Islamic calendar 1024/25 (turn of the year 19/20 January)
Jewish calendar 5376/77 (September 11/22)
Coptic calendar 1332/33 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 791/792
Seleucid era Babylon: 1926/27 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1927/28 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1672/73 (April)

Events

Politics and world events

Holy Roman Empire

Vinzenz Fettmilch, Conrad Gerngroß and Conrad Schopp, the leaders of the Fettmilch Uprising
The column of shame erected in Töngesgasse instead of Fettmilch's house

After a protracted trial of the Fettmilch uprising of 1614 in the Free Imperial City of Frankfurt am Main , which lasted almost the whole of 1615 , Vinzenz Fettmilch and a total of 38 co-defendants were convicted not directly of the riots against the Jews , but of crimes of majesty , as they followed the orders of Have disregarded the Kaisers. Seven of them will be sentenced to death, which will be carried out on February 28 on Frankfurt's Rossmarkt . Before being beheaded, the convicts are knocked off the oath's fingers, and fat milk is also quartered after his execution. The heads of Vinzenz Fettmilch, Konrad Gerngroß, Konrad Schopp and Georg Ebel are impaled on the Frankfurt bridge tower, Fettmilch's house in Töngesgasse is torn down and a pillar of shame is erected in its place , which records his crimes in German and Latin. After the executions, which dragged on for several hours with the reading of the judgments, an imperial mandate was announced, which ordered the reinstatement of the Jews expelled in August 1614 to their old rights. On the same day, the Jews, who until then had mostly found refuge in Höchst and Hanau , are brought back to the Judengasse in a solemn procession . An imperial eagle with the inscription Roman imperial majesty and the holy empire protection is attached to the gate .

Other events in Europe

Panorama of London 1616

America

Voyages of discovery

The journey of Le Maire and Schouten (red)

Asia

economy

science and technology

John Smith: Description of New England
New England, John Smith , 1616
Homo volans , parachute in his Machinae Novae

Culture

society

Born

Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown

  • June: John Thurloe , head of the English secret service under Oliver Cromwell († 1668 )

Died

First half of the year

The convent where Cervantes was buried
Shakespeare's grave in Holy Trinity Church

Second half of the year

Web links

Commons : 1616  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files