Calendar overview 1614
|Adriaen Block goes on a voyage of discovery in eastern North America.||
John Napier publishes
the first table of logarithms .
|Fettmilch uprising in the Free Imperial City of Frankfurt am Main , the Judengasse was looted .|
|1614 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1062/63 (turn of the year July)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1606/07 (September 10/11)|
|Bengali solar calendar||1019/20 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)|
|Buddhist calendar||2157/58 (southern Buddhism); 2156/57 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||71st (72nd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||976/977 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||3947/48 (October 2/3)|
|Islamic calendar||1022/23 (turn of the year 10/11 February)|
|Jewish calendar||5374/75 (September 3-4)|
|Coptic calendar||1330/31 (10/11 September)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1924/25 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1925/26 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1670/71 (April)|
Politics and world events
Holy Roman Empire
- May 25 : Wolfgang Wilhelm , heir to the throne in Pfalz-Neuburg , solemnly announces his conversion from Protestantism to Catholicism in the Church of St. Lambertus in Düsseldorf . His father, the ruling Count Palatine and Duke Philipp Ludwig , is deeply shocked by this news and convenes the state parliament on August 28 , presumably to disinherit his son. Shortly before that, on August 22nd, Philipp Ludwig dies surprisingly and Wolfgang Wilhelm becomes Count Palatine and Duke, with which the country changes from the Protestant Union to the Catholic League .
- August 22nd : The Fettmilch uprising against the mismanagement in the Free Imperial City of Frankfurt am Main escalates and culminates in an anti-Jewish revolt led by the gingerbread baker Vinzenz Fettmilch and a pogrom in Frankfurt's Judengasse .
- November 12 : In the Xanten treaty , the Jülich-Klevische succession dispute is settled, the Dortmund recession of 1609 is suspended, thus averting a dispute on a European level. In the treaty, the Duchy of Kleve falls to Kurbrandenburg , the Duchy of Berg to Pfalz-Neuburg . Brandenburg also lays claim to the imperial city of Herford , which sees its freedoms threatened.
Other events in Europe
- On the occasion of the coming of age of King Ludwig XIII. the last convocation of the French Estates General takes place before 1789 .
- The later capital of Albania , Tirana , is founded: The local landowner Sulejman Bargjini Pascha , who comes from Mullet near Petrela, is building a mosque , a bakery and a hammam for the first time at the current location .
- With the St Thomas Tower , the fourth of the Wignacourt Towers is being built on Malta under the rule of Grand Master Alof de Wignacourt to defend the island.
- November 8th : The samurai Justo Takayama is expelled from Japan along with 3000 other people because of his Christian faith . The refugees found the place Dilao in the Paco district of Manila on December 21st .
- The Toyotomi clan is rebuilding Osaka Castle . On 19 November begins Siege of Osaka by the Tokugawa - shogunate . Tokugawa Ieyasu's troops move against Toyotomi Hideyori .
- The Ethiopian Kingdom of Janjero receives a visit from Europeans for the first time, but remains largely isolated over the next few decades.
Voyages of discovery
- Joris van Spilbergen begins a three-year journey around the world on behalf of the Dutch East India Company .
- Adriaen Block embarks on a sea voyage in eastern North America in the footsteps of Henry Hudson .
- The Lastage area near Nieuwmarkt outside Amsterdam is being expanded and a city scale is being built.
- The Silberhütte glassworks is founded.
science and technology
Teaching and Research
- August 23 : The Reich University is founded in Groningen . Ubbo Emmius becomes the first rector .
- September 10 : Prince-Bishop Dietrich von Fürstenberg founds the Jesuit University in Paderborn with a theological and a philosophical faculty.
- The Scottish mathematician and scholar John Napier published his work Mirifici Logarithmorum Canonis Descriptio the first logarithmic tables .
- February 17 : The Elector of Mainz and Archbishop Johann Schweikhard of Kronberg inaugurates the given by him as a second residence and conducted by Georg Ridinger in nine years of construction in the style of Renaissance built Johannisburg Castle in Aschaffenburg .
- The first official edition of the Rituale Romanum , the Rituale Romanum Pauli Quinti Pontifici Maximi Iussu editum , appears under Pope Paul V and reflects the Tridentine Rite .
Historical maps and views
Date of birth saved
- January 5 : Leopold Wilhelm of Austria , governor of the Spanish Netherlands, general and patron of the arts († 1662 )
- January 10 : Kanō Yasunobu , Japanese painter († 1685 )
- January 24th : Timotheus Ritzsch , German printer; Bookseller and publisher of the first German daily newspaper († 1678 )
- January 27 : Anna Katharina Dorothea von Salm-Kyrburg , Duchess of Württemberg († 1655 )
- February 2 : William Forbes , Scottish soldier and mercenary in Swedish service († 1654 )
- March 15 : Franciscus Sylvius , Hessian-Dutch doctor, anatomist and natural scientist († 1672 )
- March 25 : Juan Carreño de Miranda , Spanish painter († 1685 )
- April 2 : Jahanara , Indian princess († 1681 )
- April 4 : Henri II. De Lorraine , Duke of Guise († 1664 )
- April 9 : Francisco Rizi , Spanish painter († 1685 )
- April 11 : Hélène Fourment , second wife and model of Peter Paul Rubens († 1673 )
- April 24 : Martin Geier , German Lutheran theologian († 1680 )
- April 25 : Hieronymus van Beverningh , Dutch statesman and diplomat († 1690 )
- April 25 : Marc'Antonio Pasqualini , Italian soprano castrato († 1691 )
- May 2 : Christian Reichsgraf zu Rantzau , governor in the royal Danish part of Schleswig-Holstein († 1663 )
- July 10 : Arthur Annesley , Irish nobleman († 1686 )
- July 23 : Bonaventura Peeters , Flemish painter, draftsman, etcher and poet († 1652 )
- September 2 : Claus von Ahlefeldt , field marshal and commander of all Danish armed forces in Norway († 1674 )
- December 4 : Hans Joachim Haltmeyer , Swiss pharmacist and mayor of St. Gallen († 1687 )
- December 16 : Eberhard III. , Duke of Württemberg († 1674 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Balthasar Ableithner , German sculptor († 1705 )
- Juan de Arellano , Spanish painter († 1676 )
- Catherine Bellier , Madame de Beauvais , French noblewoman, mistress of Louis XIV († 1689 )
- Margaret Fell , English Quaker († 1702 )
- Lorenz of the Resurrection , French Carmelite and writer († 1691 )
- Hans Wolff Schonat , German organ builder († approx. 1673 )
- Franz Tunder , German composer and organist († 1667 )
- Thomas Willeboirts , Flemish history painter († 1654 )
- John Wilkins , Bishop of Chester († 1672 )
- March 4 : Gerhard Eobanus Geldenhauer , Magister and Protestant theologian (* 1537 )
- March 27 : Christoph Murer , Swiss glass painter, book illustrator and poet (* 1558 )
- June 21 : Bartholomäus Scultetus , Görlitz Mayor and mathematician (* 1540 )
- June 23 : Markus Welser , German humanist, historian, publisher and Mayor of Augsburg (* 1558 )
- July 1 : Isaac Casaubon , federal scholarly Protestant and humanist (* 1559 )
- July 11th : Maximiliana Maria , Princess of Bavaria (* 1552 )
- July 14th : Kamillus von Lellis , founder of the Italian order and saint (* 1550 )
- July 28 : Felix Platter , Basel physician and writer (* 1536 )
- August 3 : François de Bourbon , Prince of Conti, French general (* 1558 )
- August 5 : Matthias Anomäus , German educator, mathematician and physician (* around 1550 )
- August 11 : Lavinia Fontana , Italian mannerist painter (* 1552 )
- August 21 : Elisabeth Báthory , Hungarian nobleman and serial killer (* 1560 )
- August 22nd : Philipp Ludwig , Count Palatine and Duke of Pfalz-Neuburg (* 1547 )
- December 3 : Lazarus Röting , German painter (* 1549 )
- December 25 : Konoe Nobutada , Japanese calligrapher and regent (* 1565 )
- December 27 : Bartosz Paprocki , Polish and Czech writer, historian, translator, poet, heraldry and pioneer of Polish and Czech Genealogy (* 1540 / 1543 )