1546

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Heads of State · Nekrolog · Music Year

1546
Johann Friedrich I.
Johann Friedrich I of Saxony is outlawed .
Georgius Agricola
Georgius Agricola publishes the manual of mineralogy .
Danube War
The Schmalkaldic War begins.
1546 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 994/995 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1538/39
Buddhist calendar 2089/90 (southern Buddhism); 2088/89 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 70th (71st) cycle

Year of the fire horse丙午 ( at the beginning of the year wood snake 乙巳)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 908/909 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3879/80 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 924/925
Islamic calendar 952/953 (turn of the year March 3rd / 4th)
Jewish calendar 5306/07 (August 27-28)
Coptic calendar 1262/63
Malayalam calendar 721/722
Seleucid era Babylon: 1856/57 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1857/58 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1602/03 (turn of the year April)

Events

Politics and world events

Preparation and beginning of the Schmalkaldic War
  • From June: A Reichstag is held in Regensburg , at which Emperor Charles V seeks allies against the Protestant Schmalkaldic League . At this Reichstag, Karl V met Barbara Blomberg , with whom he had a brief but stormy romance.
  • June 7th: Charles V signs a contract with Pope Paul III. On the same day he also signed a contract with Duke Wilhelm IV of Bavaria , according to which Bavaria would remain formally neutral in the event of a war, but would provide assembly points, food and ammunition for the imperial army. In return, Wilhelm IV received the vague promise of territorial gains and the Palatine electoral dignity.
Map of the Electorate of Saxony ( red ) and the Duchy of Saxony ( yellow )
Sebastian Schertlin from Burtenbach
Friedrich II of the Palatinate
  • July 20: Charles V imposed on the Electors Johann Friedrich I of Saxony and Frederick II. Palatine and Landgrave Philip I of Hesse, the imperial ban .
  • End of July: The two Protestant armies unite at Donauwörth .
  • August 24th: The Protestant side tries to force the emperor, who is still in the process of collecting troops, to a decisive battle at the fortress of Ingolstadt , but he evades it.
  • October 4th: The Kaiser again succeeds in avoiding a decisive battle near Nördlingen .
  • Mid-October: Diseases break out in the imperial camp.
  • End of October: Ferdinand I and his army commander Sebastian von Weitmühl invade Electoral Saxony from Bohemia and conquer Plauen . At the same time, Moritz von Sachsen, who has been promised the electoral dignity of Saxony, declares war on his Ernestine cousin. Large parts of the Electorate of Saxony are quickly conquered.
  • November 1st: Sebastian von Weitmühl defeats Protestant opponents in the Battle of Oelsnitz .
  • November 16: After disputes with Philip of Hesse, who first wants to defeat the imperial army, Johann Friedrich I of Saxony withdraws his troops from the Schmalkaldic army and returns to Saxony, with the emperor suddenly having the upper hand in the south of the empire .
  • Christmas: Ulrich von Württemberg and Elector Friedrich von der Pfalz bow to the imperial superiority and sign contracts that commit them to neutrality and high monetary payments.
  • End of the year: The isolated Upper German imperial cities capitulate to the emperor and sometimes suffer severe humiliations.

science and technology

Religion and society

The Regensburg Religious Discussion will take place in Regensburg from January 27th to March 10th . As this was only called up by Emperor Charles V to divert attention from his war preparations against the Schmalkaldic League , and the side of the Reformation loses its spiritual leader with the death of Martin Luther on February 18, the conversation is, as expected, unsuccessful.

The execution of Anne Askew

Disasters

Born

Date of birth saved

Tycho Brahe
  • December 14: Tycho Brahe , Danish astronomer († 1601)

Exact date of birth unknown

Jacopo Tintoretto : Portrait of Veronica Franco (1575)
  • Veronica Franco , poet of the Italian Renaissance and courtesan († 1591)
  • Katharina Kepler , Württemberg citizen, mother of Johannes Kepler and victim of the witch hunt († 1622)
  • Urban Pierius , German Protestant theologian († 1616)

Born around 1546

Died

Date of death secured

Luther on his death bed
  • February 18: Martin Luther , German reformer (* 1483)
  • March 1: George Wishart , Scottish reformer and martyr (* 1513)
  • April 3: Mikuláš Konáč z Hodiškova , Czech printer, publisher, translator and writer
  • April 7th: Friedrich Myconius , German preacher and reformer (* 1490)
  • May 17 (presumably): Bartholomew VI. Welser , Augsburg patrician and conquistador (* 1512)
  • May 29: David Beaton , Scottish Cardinal (* 1494)
  • July 4th: Pietro Bonomo , humanist, politician and bishop of Trieste and Vienna (* 1458)
  • July 4th: Khair ad-Din Barbarossa , Ottoman corsair in the western Mediterranean, ruler of Algiers, Kapudan Pascha (* 1467)
  • July 16: Anne Askew , English Protestant martyr (* 1521)
  • August 1st: Peter Faber , French clergyman, one of the companions of Ignatius of Loyola and co-founder of the Jesuits (* 1506)
  • August 1st: Erasmus Ritter , German-Swiss theologian and reformer (* around 1481)
  • August 3: Antonio da Sangallo the Younger , Italian architect and fortress builder (* 1484)
  • August 10: William Thynne , English courtier and editor (* around 1500)
  • September 3: Petru Rareș , Voivode of the Principality of Moldova (* 1483)
  • September 17th: Juan de Carvajal , Spanish conquistador and founder of the city of El Tocuyo (* 1509 or 1510)
  • October 5: Jorge Robledo , Spanish conquistador (* around 1500)
  • October 6: Pierre Leclerc and companions, French evangelical martyrs
  • October 14: Johann Magenbuch , German physician and personal physician (* 1487)
  • October 23: Peter Flötner , German master builder, sculptor, goldsmith and silversmith, graphic artist, medalist and picture carver (* around 1490)
  • November 1: Giulio Romano , Italian painter, architect and builder (* 1499)

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

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