Joachim Friedrich (Brandenburg)

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Elector Joachim Friedrich
Elector Joachim III. Friedrich

Joachim Friedrich von Brandenburg (born January 27, 1546 in Cölln ; † July 18, 1608 near Köpenick ), son of Elector Johann Georg , was Elector of Brandenburg from 1598 to 1608 and, from 1603, succeeded Georg Friedrich of Brandenburg-Kulmbach and Brandenburg- Ansbach administrator of the Duchy of Prussia . Joachim Friedrich came from the Hohenzollern family .


Joachim III. Friedrich

It comes from the first marriage of his father Johann Georg von Brandenburg to Sophia von Liegnitz . During his father's reign, Joachim Friedrich was administrator of the Archbishopric of Magdeburg from 1566 . As such, he signed the formula of concord from 1577 and the book of concord from 1580. Against the background of the reserve ecclesiasticum , he was neither recognized by the pope nor given a fief by the emperor . The seat in the Reichstag associated with the archbishopric was denied him by the Catholic imperial estates , which in turn meant that he was not a member of a review commission of the Reich Chamber of Commerce and the court was therefore almost incapable of acting.

When he took over the government of the electorate at the age of 52, he did not introduce any fundamental changes. In 1599 he had in vain search for metal deposits near Driesen in Neumark . In 1601 he had the first glassworks in the Mark Brandenburg built at Grimnitz Castle in Joachimsthal , for which craftsmen came from Bohemia. In 1602 Driesen was expanded into a fortress. In 1603 he issued the order to build an artificial waterway between the Oder and Havel with the Finow Canal . However, this first Finow Canal was destroyed in the Thirty Years War. In 1604 he also founded the Privy Council of Cölln as the highest administrative authority in Brandenburg-Prussia.

Siegesallee memorial

After the death of the childless Franconian Hohenzollern Georg Friedrich, Joachim Friedrich received the Silesian Duchy of Jägerndorf in 1603 on the basis of a deed of gift. He bequeathed it to his son Johann Georg in 1606 . The ownership claims of the Hohenzollern were opposed to conflicting imperial-Habsburg claims, according to which the Silesian areas were considered to have fallen back with the death of the Franconian Hohenzollern .

Joachim Friedrich founded the Joachimsthal High School in Joachimsthal in 1607 .

Joachim Friedrich died of a stroke on a trip from Storkow to Berlin . His first-born son Johann Sigismund followed him as elector.

The large monument to Joachim Friedrich by Norbert Pfretzschner in Siegesallee in Berlin was destroyed in the Second World War. A memorial to the Elector has been on display on May 28, 2006 on Joachimsthal in Joachimsthal.

In the context of Kurfürstendamm , a larger cross street was named after him in 1892.


First marriage: Katharina von Brandenburg-Küstrin (1549–1602)

⚭ 1594 Princess Anna of Prussia (1576–1625)
⚭ 1597 King Christian IV of Denmark and Norway (1577–1648)
  • Daughter (* / † 1576)
  • Johann Georg (1577–1624), Duke of Jägerndorf
⚭ 1610 Princess Eva Christine of Württemberg (1590–1657)
⚭ 1609 Duke Johann Friedrich von Württemberg (1582–1628)
  • Daughter (* / † 1585/86)
  • Christian Wilhelm (1587–1665), Archbishop and Administrator of Magdeburg
⚭ 1. 1615 Princess Dorothea of ​​Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (1596–1643)
⚭ 2. 1650 Countess Barbara Eusebia von Martinitz († 1656)
⚭ 3. 1657 Countess Maximiliane von Salm-Neuburg (1608–1663)

Second marriage: Eleonore of Prussia (1583–1607), daughter of Duke Albrecht Friedrich of Prussia

⚭ 1631 Count Palatine Ludwig Philipp von Simmern (1602–1655)

See also


Web links

Commons : Joachim Friedrich  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. See BSLK , p. 15 and p. 762.
  2. ^ Günter Naumann: German History - The Old Empire 962-1806 . 3. Edition. Marixverlag, Wiesbaden 2013, pp. 162/163
  3. Joachim Friedrich Memorial
  4. Joachim-Friedrich-Strasse. In: Street name lexicon of the Luisenstädtischer Bildungsverein (near  Kaupert )
predecessor Office successor
Friedrich II of Brandenburg Bishop of Havelberg
Johann Horneburg Bishop of Lebus
Sigismund of Brandenburg Archbishop / Administrator of Magdeburg
Christian Wilhelm of Brandenburg
Johann Georg Bishop of Brandenburg
1569 / 1571–1571
After secularization, united with the Electorate of Brandenburg
Johann Georg Elector of Brandenburg
Johann Sigismund
Georg Friedrich of Brandenburg-Kulmbach and Brandenburg-Ansbach Duke of Jägerndorf
Johann Georg von Brandenburg-Jägerndorf
Georg Friedrich of Brandenburg-Kulmbach and Brandenburg-Ansbach Duke in Prussia
Johann Sigismund