The grammar school in Templin was closed in 1956 and the building was used differently until 1996; since then it has stood empty and is threatened with decay. In 2005 the school was re-established in Joachimsthal. Since 2013 there has been an initiative to re-establish the grammar school as a boarding school in Templin. On December 6, 2018, the Board of Governors of the European Schools - the representatives of the 28 education ministers of the EU member states - decided to open the accreditation process for a European School Templin (EST).
1601–1636: Beginnings in Joachimsthal
In 1601, Elector Joachim Friedrich von Brandenburg came up with the plan to found an elite school for gifted boys in the Joachimsthal hunting lodge near Eberswalde , based on the model of the Princely Schools of Saxony . The school was deliberately planned and run with a Christian-humanistic objective. It was supposed to train the boys for their studies and make them capable employees in government and church service. A concept for the school was developed together with Christoph Pelargus , the dean of Viadrina University , the court preacher Johannes Fleck and the court preacher and superintendent Simon Gedike . On August 23 and 24, 1607, the school was officially opened under the name “Gymnasium Electorale Brandenburgium in valle Joachimica” (Electoral High School) in Joachimsthal . The school initially had 170 seats for students, of which 120 free places were.
1656: move to Berlin
During the Thirty Years War , the school building was destroyed on January 6, 1636. Students and teachers fled to Berlin. Teaching was reopened around 1647 in a house belonging to the Berlin Cathedral on the corner of Brüderstraße and Schlossplatz. The Joachimsthal Gymnasium had to share the building with the reformed Köllnische Schule. In 1549 the Finksche house was bought, but it was not big enough. The elector therefore also cleared the vault under the chamber court room in the southern part of the palace. After purchasing a house on the southwest corner of Georgen and Heiligen Geist Strasse (“on the long bridge” on the Spree , the so-called Rochow House in Burgstrasse ), the school moved to this building in 1668. But this building too quickly became too small and from 1688 the school moved to the house in Heiliggeiststraße, which was given number 5 around 1800. Today this street only exists in part parallel to Spandauer Straße . On the high school to the Gray Monastery therefore hinting it was nicknamed "School of the Holy Spirit." In order to cover the current budget, the grammar school received various endowments from the elector, from which the grammar school formed five offices, later called school offices. They had been leased since the 18th century.
- Schulamt Joachimsthal (later also called Schulamt Golzow after the official seat)
- Blankenburg School Authority
- Neuendorf Education Authority
- Seehausen Education Authority
- Dambeck School Authority
1707: Royal title
On the 100th anniversary of the school in 1707, the Prussian King Friedrich I gave the old princely school the honorary name “Gymnasium Regium Joachimicum” (Royal Joachimsthalsches Gymnasium). Wilhelm Heinrich von Thulemeyer became one of the directors in 1739. His son Friedrich Wilhelm von Thulemeyer donated around 5000 or 6000 books and an important musical collection to the grammar school in 1811 .
1880: move to Kaiserallee
In 1880 the Joachimsthalsche Gymnasium moved into a new building in what was then Kaiserallee 1–12 (today: Bundesallee ). The building, which still exists, was built between 1876 and 1880 by the architect Ludwig Giersberg (1824–1883) according to plans by Johann Heinrich Strack with an arcade and terrace in front . Formally, it is based on buildings from the Italian High Renaissance; it is part of the building tradition of Karl Friedrich Schinkel .
The high school had moved from the center of Berlin to this suburban idyll at the time. The school took up the entire area with several buildings, accommodation for teachers and students, sports hall and the like up to the Fasanenplatz . Kaiser Wilhelm I , who was present when the grammar school opened in 1880 , was surprised at the luxurious furnishings.
The facade was supplemented in 1882 with decorative decorative elements made of sandstone and integrated into two niches, each weighing 1500 kilograms, statues based on a design by Max Klein (1847–1908) Sophocles and Aristotle . The top of the gable consisted of three figures, with the central figure 2250 kilograms and the two griffin figures as corner acroteries, each weighing 1000 kilograms.
In 1901 Otto Schroeder Primaner had an essay written about Siegesallee . The theme was: Legs of the monuments in Siegesallee . The pupils had the task of inferring their character from the stance of the stone rulers. Four of these essays made history because they came to Wilhelm II and were personally assessed by the emperor - sometimes very different from the teacher censorship - and given marginal notes, see: Essays on Siegesallee .
As early as 1890, the new quarters of West Berlin were built around the site. Because of this, and because she had taken over financially, the boarding school moved out of here in 1912.
The building, which was used by the Joachim-Friedrich-Gymnasium until 1919 and from 1920 by the Wilmersdorf district office, was badly damaged in the Second World War , but then rebuilt. Today it is used by the University of the Arts for its music department. The associated Gerhart-Hauptmann facility between Bundesallee, Meierotto- and Schaperstraße has not been developed - contrary to the high-rise plans from 2005. Today the green area borders on the area of the Berliner Festspiele (formerly: Freie Volksbühne ) and the former teacher's house, which today houses a day-care center. The bronze bust of Gerhart Hauptmann was made by Fritz Klimsch and was unveiled on June 6, 1966.
The new building in Templin, planned jointly by Rector August Nebe and Government Builder Fritz Bräuning , was grouped as an alumnate (family alumnate , see above "Stallaner") of three double houses in U-shape around a large inner courtyard ("Schmuckhof"). No more than 25 alumni lived in the alumni houses. For this purpose, a villa was built on, which was lived in by a senior teacher (teacher) with his family. He was the head of one of the six Alumnate Houses. An adjunct (trainee lawyer) and a housekeeper looked after the well-being of the alumni and also ensured that the boys had a regular daily routine. The first adjunct was Fritz Arendt , who died in the First World War in 1915 .
During the time of National Socialism , the school management had to make some concessions to those in power that determined the everyday life of the students. In the last year and a half, the rulers tried, especially after the last rector was dismissed, to transform it into an educational institution of the Third Reich .
In 1945 the building was initially used as a military hospital for the Red Army , after which it was used by a tank department until under the rectorate of Dr. Otto Deter (* 1900) was able to resume teaching at the Joachimsthal Gymnasium in November 1945 .
Until March 4, 1950, there was a bronze statue of the founder, Elector Joachim Friedrich von Brandenburg, in the courtyard . On that day it was picked up for scrapping (for political reasons) and has since disappeared without a trace.
A statute for the school foundation "Joachimsthalsches Gymnasium" passed on April 28, 1947 was put into effect on May 1, 1947 and formed the new legal basis. It identified the grammar school as a foundation under public law . A board of trustees was authorized to represent, which according to the statutes had to consist of at least three members. The board of trustees of the "Joachimsthalsches Gymnasium zu Templin" was made up of Government Director Kurt Grünbaum from the Brandenburg provincial government as the first chairman and the Finance Minister Walther Kunze and the Ministerial Director Lic. phil. Wilhelm Hartke from the "Ministry for Public Education, Science and Art". The rector of the grammar school Dr. phil. Otto Deter and, after his replacement, school director Arthur Scharmentke was elected. A Templiner graduate engineer and a managing curator completed the board of trustees.
The foundation was dissolved in 1956. The building was used from 1956 by the newly founded "Institute for Teacher Training", from 1988 by a technical school for kindergarten teachers and until 1996 by a technical school for social education.
In 2007, the state of Brandenburg auctioned the 13 hectare site with a waterfront and sports field for 1.5 million euros. The new owner is the Berlin real estate agent Christian Kolbe. Various concepts of new use were not implemented after a "change lock" that has since been lifted. The desired establishment of an educational institution could not yet be realized due to the lack of a suitable school body.
The school building in Templin has not been used since 1996, is empty and is therefore threatened with vandalism and decay. The renovation and investment costs are estimated at 16 to 32 million euros.
2005: New establishment in Joachimsthal
For the school year 2005/2006, an all-day school was founded in Joachimsthal, which refers to the tradition of the Joachimsthal grammar school. Initiated by the Arbeiter-Samariter-Bund (ASB), Kreisverband Barnim e. V., the Free Joachimsthaler Gymnasium started its work. In the 2009/2010 school year, the single-course grammar school also reached secondary level II. At the same time, construction of a new, more modern school building began. The classes moved into the new building for the 2010/2011 school year. All classes from 7 to 12 are represented and have a maximum class size of 20 students.
Initiative "Joachimsthalsches Gymnasium Templin"
In 2013 the initiative “Joachimsthalsches Gymnasium Templin” was launched, which aims to found a new, internationally-oriented boarding school at the old location of the school in Templin, which focuses on the European idea and ties in with the important school tradition of the Joachimsthalsches Gymnasium . The initiative consists of the Friends of Joachimsthalsches Gymnasium Templin e. V., the association for the promotion of art and culture in the New Länder e. V. and a voluntary project office in Berlin. In the meantime, the non-profit foundation building ensemble Joachimsthalsches Gymnasium Templin, which was founded in June 2016 and is based in Prenzlauer Allee 28 in Templin, is the sponsor of the European School Templin (EST) project.
The school already had beautiful and important school gardens in Joachimsthal , Berlin-Wilmersdorf and then again in Templin . The school garden in Templin has been cultivated again, it still exists today as the Lehmann garden .
Principle and motto / school song / tradition maintenance
The Christian faith was one of the foundations of the school from the start. The first principle in the authoritative basic order from 1607, which was posted in the auditoriums, was: "Pietatem ante omnia - quia sine, omnis sophia est panurgia - studiose colant et perpetuo cogitent, sapientiae initium esse timorem Dei", in German : "Vor Especially about the Christian faith [not only about piety], without which all wisdom is counterfeiting, the students should strive diligently and constantly remember that the fear of God is the beginning of wisdom. "
There is also a separate song for the Joachimsthal Gymnasium ( Joachimsthaler Lied : "We are Joachimsthaler boys ..."). The author is Otto Schroeder (professor, adjunct and senior teacher from 1875 to 1910 at the Joachimsthal Gymnasium). It is sung to the melody of the trio from Parade March No. 1, Army March III / 51 (Möllendorf).
The former students joined the “Vereinigung Alter Joachimsthaler e. V. “merged. Alma Mater Joachimica is their club magazine.
“Stall” was the school's traditional, affectionate nickname for its students.
- Carl Anwandter (1801–1889), German-Chilean pharmacist and school founder
- Achim von Arnim (1781–1831), poet
- Johann Jacob Baeyer (1794–1885), geodesist , Prussian general and first director of the Royal Geodetic Institute in Berlin
- Friedrich von Bodelschwingh (1831–1910), theologian, formative director of the v. Bodelschwingh Foundation Bethel near Bielefeld
- Sigismund Ludwig Borkheim (1826–1885), revolutionary 1848/1849 and publicist
- Karl Brunnemann (1823–1896), educator, philologist and historian
- Georg Büchmann (1822–1884), philologist
- Otto Friedrich Butendach (1730–1798), theologian
- Paul Conrad (1865–1927), theologian
- Gustav Adolf Rüthning , (1854–1944), historian
- Hannelore Dege (* 1937), doctor
- Arved Deringer (1913–2011), politician
- Otto Paul Herrmann Diels (1876–1954), chemist, winner of the 1950 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
- Eugen Dühring (1833–1921), philosopher, political economist
- Friedrich Wilhelm von Dossow (1669–1758), Prussian general
- Hans Egidi (1890–1970), President of the Federal Administrative Court, Member of the Brandenburg State Parliament, District Administrator in the Ostprignitz district, Chairman of the Association for Germanism Abroad
- Erich Everth (1878–1934), art historian, journalist and newspaper scholar
- Friedrich Adolph Gottlieb von Eyben (1805–1889), Mecklenburg administrative officer
- Gottfried Frey (1871–1952), hygienist, ministerial official and writer (pseudonym Ernst Wolfhart )
- Ferdinand Georg Frobenius (1849–1917), mathematician
- Adolf-Henning Frucht (1913–1993), doctor and physiologist, great-grandson of Justus von Liebig and grandson of Adolf von Harnack
- Wilhelm Gallenkamp (1820–1890), educator and headmaster
- Arthur Georgi junior (1902–1970), publisher, bookseller, partner in Paul Parey Verlag and first chairman of the German Booksellers Association
- Balthasar Gloxin (1601–1654), ducal councilor and canon in Lübeck
- David Gloxin (1597–1671), diplomat and mayor of Lübeck
- Alfred Karl Ludwig Eberhard Jobst Graffunder (1801–1875), pedagogue and linguist, deputy director of the Academy of Charitable Sciences in Erfurt from 1847 to 1850, member of the Erfurt Academy from 1830
- Ludwig Güterbock (1814–1895), medic
- Ernst von Harnack (1888–1945), social democratic politician, resistance fighter from July 20, 1944
- Paul von Hase (1885–1944), Lieutenant General, resistance fighter from July 20, 1944
- Theodor Heinsius (1770–1849), pedagogue, linguist and lexicographer
- Georg Heym (1887–1912), expressionist writer
- Richard Heymons (1867–1943), director of the Agricultural Institute for Zoology, Berlin
- Karl Friedrich Vollrath Hoffmann (1796–1842), geographer and writer
- Meinhard Jacoby (1873–1956), painter, sculptor and, as an emigrant, entomologist
- Gerhard Juergensohn (1911–1996), theologian
- Johann Theodor Jablonski (1654–1731), pedagogue and lexicographer
- Walter Kaskel (1882–1928), labor lawyer
- Heinrich Kiepert (1818–1899), geographer and cartographer
- Adolf Kirchhoff (1826–1908), philologist, archaeologist
- Wilhelm Klingenberg (1924–2010), mathematician
- Paul Koebe (1882–1945), mathematician
- Fritz Krischen (1881–1949), architect and classical archaeologist
- Wilhelm von Kuhlmann (1879–1937), envoy to Central America and Ireland
- Ernst Laas (1837–1885), educator and philosopher
- Leopold zur Lippe-Biesterfeld-Weißenfeld (1815–1889), Prussian Minister of Justice
- Fritz Loewe (1895–1974), polar researcher and glaciologist
- Erhard Milch (1892–1972), Field Marshal General
- Mark Heinrich von Nathusius (* 1932), major general in the Bundeswehr
- Friedrich Nicolai (1733–1811), publisher and writer
- Johann Friedrich Nolte (1694–1754), headmaster in Schöningen and philologist
- Johann Carl Conrad Oelrichs (1722–1799), historian
- Jürgen Oesten (1913-2010), naval officer
- Heinrich Otte (1808–1890), pastor and art archaeologist
- Hans Paasche (1881–1920), naval officer, pacifist, writer
- Gotthold Pannwitz (1861–1926), physician, founder of the German Central Committee for Combating Tuberculosis
- Erwin Panofsky (1892–1968), art historian and founder of iconology
- Franz Pfemfert (1879–1954), journalist and editor of the magazine Die Aktion
- Johann Heinrich Leberecht Pistorius (1777–1858), merchant, farmer, schnapps distiller
- Erwin Planck (1893–1945), politician, resistance fighter from July 20, 1944
- Adolf von Rauch (1805–1877), major in the regiment of the Gardes du Corps , chamberlain and court marshal of Princess Luise of Prussia , Grand Duchess of Baden and daughter of Kaiser Wilhelm I , chairman of the Numismatic Society in Berlin
- Friedrich von Raumer (1781–1873), historian and politician
- Karl Georg von Raumer (1783–1865), geologist, geographer and educator
- Georg Reinbeck (1766–1849), writer and educator
- Friedrich Gabriel Resewitz (1729–1806), educator and dept
- Friedrich Wilhelm Riese (1807–1879), librettist and playwright of the 19th century
- Eugen Rosenstock-Huessy (1888–1973), legal historian and sociologist
- Hugo Sachsse (1851–1927), legal scholar
- Johann August Sack (1764–1831), lawyer, Prussian civil servant
- Ulrich von Saint-Paul-Illaire (1833–1902), naval officer
- Emil Schallopp (1843–1919), chess master and chairman of the stenographers office of the Reichstag
- Bernhard von Schkopp (1817–1904), General of the Infantry and Governor of Strasbourg
- Alfred von Schlieffen (1833–1913), Prussian field marshal, chief of the general staff and author of the Schlieffen Plan
- Carl Ludwig Theodor Schlomka (1821–1894), Imperial Judge
- Geo A. Schmidt (1870–1943), colonial administrator
- Armin Sellheim (1929–2002), head of the legal department of the news magazine Der Spiegel , head of the Academy for Journalism Hamburg, director of the Academy of the Bavarian Press
- Julius Springer the Elder J. (1880-1968), publisher
- Heinrich August Wilhelm Stolze (1798–1867), stenographer and founder of the " Stenography System Stolze "
- Paul Stäckel (1862–1919), mathematician
- Hermann Teuchert (1880–1972), Germanist
- Erich Vermehren (1919–2005), lawyer, agent and insurance broker
- Eberhard Wagemann (1918-2010), major general in the Bundeswehr
- Conrad Freiherr von Wangenheim (1849–1926), agricultural politician
- Karl Freiherr von Wangenheim (1797–1853), judge at the Berlin Court of Appeal, member of the Prussian National Assembly
- Johann Raue (1610–1679), theologian, classical philologist, librarian
- Wilhelm Ludwig Abeken (1793–1826), classical philologist
- Wilhelm Dilthey (1833–1911), theologian and philosopher
- Karl Fuhr (1853–1917), classical philologist
- Wilhelm von Giesebrecht (1814–1889), historian
- Wolfgang Helbig (1839–1915), classical archaeologist
- Johannes Imelmann
- Johann Jakob Engel (1741–1802), from 1776 (probably until 1787) Professor of Philosophy and the " Fine Sciences "
- Johann Kießling (1839–1905), physicist and meteorologist
- Friedrich Karl Koepke
- Rudolf Köpke (1813–1870), historian and journalist, at grammar school from 1838 to 1842
- Gustav Lehmann (1853–1928), botanist and educator
- Tobias Magirus (1586–1652), philosopher
- Johann Heinrich Ludwig Meierotto (1742–1800), geographer and teacher (rector)
- August Meineke (1790–1870), classical philologist
- Wilhelm Julius Carl Mützell
- August Nauck (1822-1892), philologist
- Karl Friedrich Passow (1798–1860), philologist and teacher
- Johannes Revius
- Heinrich Christian Wilhelm Schrader
- Otto Schroeder (1851–1937), classical philologist
- Moritz Ludwig Seyffert (1809–1872), philologist
- Paul Stengel (1851–1929), classical philologist
- Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Carl Thym (1768–1803), theologian and enlightener
- Rudolf Tobler
- Hermann Carl Usener , classical philologist and religious scholar
- Peter Villaume (1746–1825), from 1787 to 1793 professor of morals and "fine sciences"
- Kurt Wachsmuth (1837–1905), philologist
- Ludwig Adolf Wiese (1806–1900), educator and ministerial official
- Wilhelm Wehrenpfennig (1829–1900), publicist and politician
- Friedrich Muzelius , Professor and Conrector from 1718 to 1753
Rectors of the Joachimsthal Gymnasium
Joachimsthaler period (founded 1607–1636 / 1650):
Berlin time in Berlin Palace (transition period due to the war, 1650–1688):
Berlin time in Burgstrasse (1688–1880):
- 1707–1721: Paul Volckmann (1669–1721)
- 1729–1768: Johann Philipp Heinius (1688–1775)
- 1775–1800: Johann Heinrich Ludwig Meierotto (1742–1800)
- 1802–1826: Bernhard Ludwig Snethlage (1753–1840)
- 1826–1857: Johann Albert Friedrich August Meineke (1790–1870)
- 1857–1872: Friedrich Wilhelm Gustav Kießling (1809–1884)
- 1872– (1886): Karl Julius Heinrich Schaper (1828–1886)
Time in Berlin on Kaiserallee (today: Bundesallee; 1880–1912):
- (1872) –1886: Karl Julius Heinrich Schaper (1828–1886)
- 1887–1909: Carl Bardt (1843–1915)
- 1909– (1921): August Nebe (1864–1943)
Templiner time (from 1912):
- (1909) –1921: August Nebe (1864–1943)
- 1921–1925: Rudolf Graeber (1866–1940)
- 1925–1930: Carl Kappus
- 1930–1935: Gustav Kuhlmann (1882–1954)
- 1935–1944: Walther Hertzberg (1890–1977)
Head of the Free Joachimsthaler Gymnasium
- 2005–2009: Susanne Drutschmann
- since 2009: Brigitte Meier
- Ernst Bahn et al. : To the statistics of the Königl. Jáchymov High School. Orphanage bookstore, Halle (Saale) 1907 ( archive.org ).
- Helmut Caspar: The legs of the Hohenzollern. What primary school students from the Joachimsthal Gymnasium wrote about Siegesallee and what Wilhelm II thought of the essays. Berlin Story, Berlin 2007, ISBN 978-3-929829-58-7 .
- Jonas Flöter: The Joachimsthalsche Gymnasium. Princely school of the Hohenzollern - humanistic high school - educational establishment for elites. In: Historical Educational Research Online. 07/2007.
- Jan Feustel: Alma mater Joachimica. In: The Mark Brandenburg. Issue 63. Großer, Berlin 2006, ISBN 978-3-910134-22-5 .
- Jonas Flöter, Christian Ritz (Ed.): The Joachimsthalsche Gymnasium. Contributions to the rise and fall of the Princely School of the Hohenzollern. Klinkhardt, Bad Heilbrunn 2009, ISBN 978-3-7815-1655-7 .
- Hermann Franck : If you read this ... Diary for Hugo. Hanser, Munich 1997, DTV, Munich 2000 (about everyday school life in the middle of the 19th century).
- Message from the royal Joachimsthalschen Gymnasium . Berlin 1848–1851 ( digitized version )
- Siegfried Joost: The Joachimsthalsche Gymnasium. Festschrift commemorating the 375 year anniversary of the founding of the Joachimsthal School on August 24, 1982. Wittlich, Knoop 1982.
- Heinz Wegener: The Joachimsthal High School - The Templin State School . A Berlin-Brandenburg high school in the maelstrom of German history 1607–2007. Berlin Story, Berlin 2007, ISBN 978-3-929829-62-4 .
- Erich Wetzel: Festschrift for the three hundredth anniversary of the Königl. Joachimsthalschen Gymnasium on August 24, 1907. Bookstore of the orphanage, Halle (Saale) 1907 ( archive.org ).
- To the public examination of the pupils of the Royal Joachimsthal High School ... Berlin 1841–1847 ( digitized version )
- The new building of the Royal Joachimsthal High School in Templin (Uckermark) . In: Zeitschrift für Bauwesen , vol. 63 (1913), columns 365–376, plates 39–43. Digitized in the holdings of the Central and State Library Berlin .
- Entry in the Berlin State Monument List
- Joachimsthalsches Gymnasium Templin , Christian Kolbe
- EU project
- European schools
- Broadcast about the Joachimsthalsche Gymnasium in the rbb-Kulturradio ( memento from April 2, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) from March 10, 2015
- Joachimsthalsches Gymnasium, Templin in the holdings of the Architecture Museum of the TU Berlin
- Contact details of the recognized European schools
- Tobias Schwinger: The Thulemeier musical collection and the Berlin music tradition in the second half of the 18th century . Ortus-Musikverlag, Beeskow 2006, ISBN 3-937788-08-5 , p. 389.
- EU project
- Dic Cur Hic (Tell me why you are here) . Exhibition catalog of the University of Leipzig on the occasion of the 400th anniversary of the Joachimsthal School. Berlin 2007, p. 21
- Tobias Schwinger: The Thulemeier musical collection and the Berlin music tradition in the second half of the 18th century . Ortus-Musikverlag, Beeskow 2006, ISBN 3-937788-08-5 , p. 382.
- Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf from A to Z (PDF; 144 kB), accessed on December 21, 2012
- Movable transfer framework . In: Centralblatt der Bauverwaltung , August 11, 1883, pp. 288–289, accessed on December 19, 2012
- Horst Leweling: A Prussian teacher: August Nebe (1864-1943) insights into his life and work , Norderstedt 2014, p. 56; ISBN 978-3-7357-0868-7
- Heinz Wegener: The Joachimsthalsche Gymnasium - The Templin State School . A Berlin-Brandenburg high school in the maelstrom of German history 1607–2007. Berlin Story, Berlin 2007, p. 202 ff .; ISBN 978-3-929829-62-4 .
- Lothar Müller: Kokoschkin's School. A visit to the site of the former Joachimsthal grammar school in Templin . In: Süddeutsche Zeitung , October 10, 2012, Feuilleton, Munich p. 13, Bavaria p. 13.
- EU project
- A school for Europe.
- Moscherosch . ( Page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Quotation dictionary