Leopold zur Lippe-Biesterfeld-Weißenfeld

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Leopold Graf zur Lippe-Biesterfeld-Weißenfeld (born March 19, 1815 in See bei Niesky , † December 8, 1889 in Berlin ) was the Prussian Minister of Justice .


He was a member of the Lippe family , more precisely of the Lippe-Weissenfeld line . His parents were Ludwig Graf and Edler Herr zur Lippe-Biesterfeld-Weißenfeld (1781–1860) and his wife Eleonore Auguste, née. Countess von Hohenthal (1795–1856). The historian Ernst zur Lippe-Weißenfeld (1825–1909) was his younger brother.


From 1828 to 1836 Graf zur Lippe attended the Joachimsthalsche Gymnasium ( Berlin ) and began to study law at the Friedrich Wilhelms University in Berlin in 1836 . In 1839 he successfully completed his studies and got a job in the Prussian judicial service. Ten years later, Graf zur Lippe was appointed as a public prosecutor in Friedeberg , later he moved in the same office to Cottbus and in 1851 to Potsdam . In March 1860, Graf zur Lippe was promoted to counsel at the Court of Appeal in Glogau , but immediately switched back as the first public prosecutor to the city court in Berlin and in 1861 was appointed senior public prosecutor at the higher court.

After the end of the "new era" he joined the Hohenlohe Ministry as Minister of Justice on March 17, 1862 and was appointed Crown Syndicate and member of the manor house on May 17 . Although Graf zur Lippe did a number of things for the judiciary in Prussia, including a reduction in court costs, he was next to Education Minister Heinrich von Mühler the most attacked member of the Ministry of Conflict, as he unreservedly supported Otto von Bismarck's positions . Graf zur Lippe was instrumental in the decision of the higher tribunal against freedom of speech for MPs. He also voted against the independence of the Prussian judiciary and blocked the necessary reforms. In addition, he was rhetorically not up to his opponents and could only defend himself very clumsily in the House of Representatives.

So when Bismarck made peace with the liberal majority in the House of Representatives in 1866, he tried to get rid of his highly unpopular Minister of Justice, which he did not succeed until December 5, 1867. From that time on, Graf zur Lippe had been a bitter opponent of Bismarck's policies and, in the manor house, opposed the establishment of the North German Confederation and the German Empire, as well as church political legislation, as an ardent representative of particularist and conservative interests.

The politician Leopold Graf zur Lippe-Biesterfeld-Weißenfeld died at the age of 74.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Thomas Ormond: Dignity of a judge and loyalty to the government Service law, political activity and discipline of judges in Prussia, Baden and Hesse 1866–1918 . Vittorio Klostermann, Frankfurt am Main 1994, ISBN 3-465-02633-0 ( Ius commune. Special issues. Studies on European legal history 65), (At the same time: Frankfurt am Main, Diss., 1992–1993).
  2. Barbara Strenge: Jews in the Prussian Justice Service 1812–1918: Access to the Legal Professions as an Indicator of Social Emancipation , Munich-New Providence-London-Paris 1996, p. 131.