Heinrich von Friedberg

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Heinrich von Friedberg

Heinrich von Friedberg (born January 27, 1813 in Märkisch Friedland , † June 2, 1895 in Berlin ) was a German lawyer and politician.


He studied law in Berlin from 1833 to 1836 and then worked at the local court of justice , for which he worked as a public prosecutor from 1848 .

He had already exercised significant influence on legislation since 1846. Under Justice Administration Minister Uhden he was responsible for the creation of the oral and public investigation procedure in Prussia. During the deliberations, the liberal Friedberg advocated a strong public prosecutor's office , which, like today, as “law enforcement” investigates all violations of the law and should also consider facts that exonerate the accused. Friedberg also wanted to give them the authority to issue instructions to the police authorities . Although he was unable to fully implement these and other progressive ideas, the final draft law came from his pen, while the Minister for Law Revision Friedrich Carl von Savigny was ignored and only informed later.

Some time later Friedberg went to Greifswald , where from 1850 he held the position of chief public prosecutor . He also taught as a private lecturer at the university . His next station was the Ministry of Justice in Berlin, where he worked from 1854 as a secret councilor of justice and from 1857 as a secret councilor of justice.

Friedberg was commissioned in 1868 to draft a penal code for the North German Confederation . Due to his energetic creativity, it was able to come into force on May 31, 1870, after the establishment of the German Empire , essential parts of the Imperial Criminal Code were adopted . Friedberg also took part in the deliberations on the military penal code, as he was a member of the commission set up for this purpose and a federal commissioner.

In 1870 he became President of the Judicial Examination Commission and, two years later, Real Secret Higher Justice Council and a member of the Prussian mansion. Friedberg came to the Ministry of Justice in 1873 as Undersecretary of State, where he drafted a German code of criminal procedure . In 1875 he was appointed Crown Syndicate and on December 21, 1876 State Secretary of the newly created Reich Justice Office . Three years later he succeeded Adolph Leonhardt as the Prussian Minister of State and Justice, where he stayed until 1889. A year earlier, when he was awarded the Order of the Black Eagle on March 11, 1888, he was raised to the nobility .

Heinrich von Friedberg died in Berlin in 1895 at the age of 82 and was buried in the old St. Matthew Cemetery in Schöneberg . The grave has not been preserved.


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Hans-Jürgen Mende: Lexicon of Berlin tombs . Haude & Spener, Berlin 2006. p. 301.