Adolf zu Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen

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Adolf Karl Friedrich Ludwig Prince of Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen (born January 29, 1797 in Breslau ; † April 24, 1873 in Koschentin ) was a Prussian cavalry general , politician and briefly Prime Minister of Prussia.



Adolf was the son of Prince Friedrich Ludwig zu Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen and his wife Maria Amalie Christiane Charlotte Countess von Hoym (born October 6, 1763 in Mainz, † April 20, 1840 in Marienhof).

Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen married on April 19, 1819 with Luise Princess zu Hohenlohe-Langenburg (* August 22, 1799, † January 17, 1881). The marriage had ten children, five of whom died early:


Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen was hired as a second lieutenant in the Prussian army on April 27, 1815 and ordered to serve with General Kleist von Nollendorf . Here he took part in the sieges of Sedan , Mezières and Montmédy during the campaign against France in 1815 . In March 1817 he joined the Guard Uhlan Regiment, but retired the following year from active military service and became district administrator in the Lublinitz district . He was promoted to the Landwehr in September 1830 and became chief of the 23rd Landwehr Regiment on September 12, 1841 .

In 1847 he was a member of the United State Parliament . He was also a member of the Erfurt Union Parliament . He was also a member of the first chamber of the Prussian state parliament . From 1852 to 1854 he was also a member of the second chamber. After the first chamber was redesigned into the Prussian mansion in 1856, he became president of the house.

Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen represented a feudal-conservative direction. He rejected both the conservative bureaucratism of Otto Theodor von Manteuffel and the liberal-conservative tendencies of the New Era .

After the overthrow of Prince Karl Anton zu Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen in connection with the army conflict , he became Prime Minister of Prussia. He himself assessed his lack of experience in foreign policy as a burden. But he hoped to find a compromise solution in the army conflict with the liberal majority of the Prussian House of Representatives . The actual leadership role in the cabinet was exercised by August von der Heydt anyway .

After the Progress Party's renewed victory in the elections of May 6, 1862, Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen resigned. However, Wilhelm I did not accept his resignation . Instead, he resigned the presidency of the Prussian State Ministry for alleged health reasons. After Otto von Bismarck was appointed Prime Minister, he withdrew from political life.


Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen had been a Knight of the Black Eagle Order since October 26, 1858 . He was also the owner of the Order of the Red Eagle 1st Class with Oak Leaves, the Order of Saint Anne 1st Class with Diamonds and the Grand Cross of the Saxon-Ernestine House Order .


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Heinrich August Winkler : The long way to the west. Vol. 1: German history from the end of the Old Reich to the fall of the Weimar Republic. Beck, Munich 2000. p. 153.