from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Portal history | Portal Biographies | Current events | Annual calendar

| 18th century | 19th century | 20th century |
| 1780s | 1790s | 1800s | 1810s | 1820s | 1830s | 1840s |
◄◄ | | 1811 | 1812 | 1813 | 1814 | 1815 | 1816 | 1817 | 1818 | 1819 | |►►

Heads of State · Nekrolog · Music Year

Battle of Waterloo, painting by William Sadler
With the defeat in the Battle of Waterloo
, Napoleon's rule of the 100 days ends .
Delegates of the Congress of Vienna in a contemporary copper engraving (colored) by Jean Godefroy after the painting by Jean-Baptiste Isabey
The European political landscape is being reorganized at the Congress of Vienna
1815 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1263/64 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1807/08 (September 10-11)
Bengali solar calendar 1220/21 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2358/59 (southern Buddhism); 2357/58 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 75th (76th) cycle

Year of the wood pig乙亥 ( at the beginning of the year wood dog 甲戌)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1177/78 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4148/49 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1193/94
Islamic calendar 1230/1231 (turn of the year 2/3 December)
Jewish calendar 5575/76 (October 4th / 5th)
Coptic calendar 1531/32 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 990/991
Seleucid era Babylon: 2125/26 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2126/27 (New Year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1871/72 (April)


Politics and world events

Napoleonic Wars and Congress of Vienna

Napoleon leaves Elba, painting by Joseph Beaume .
Battle of Tolentino
German Confederation 1815–1866
Map of Europe after the Congress of Vienna:              Border of the German Confederation (1818)
The Longwood House , Napoleon's residence during the exile

Other events worldwide


  • February 3 : In Switzerland , the commercial cheese processing begins by the newly founded cooperative village cheese dairy in Kiesen .

science and technology





Estimated ash precipitation during the eruption in 1815, the red areas indicate the thickness of the precipitation, the outermost area corresponds to one centimeter of volcanic ash
  • April 5 : The eruption of the Tambora volcano on the island of Sumbawa in Indonesia begins with a first eruption. Others, in particular the strongest outbreak on April 10 , lead to a total of around 100,000 deaths. The Tambora eruption is the largest ever observed eruption. The action releases large amounts of ash. The ash deposits reach a radius of 1,300 kilometers, darken the sky almost completely for two days within a radius of up to 600 kilometers, and in the following year cause a volcanic winter in the northern hemisphere , which causes famine in Europe, the so-called " year without summer ".
  • May 30 : The British ship Arniston runs near Waenhuiskrans in a strong storm on a reef off Cape Agulhas in South Africa . Six people manage to reach the shore, 372 die when the ship goes down.
  • July 31 : The boiler of the experimental steam locomotive Brunton's Mechanical Traveler explodes in Philadelphia, England . Depending on the source, between 13 and 16 people are killed.



Julius Pintsch
John Macdonald, 1868
William Jenner, drawing from Vanity Fair




Edward Clark
Otto von Bismarck, around 1862


Eugène Marin Labiche



Pavel Andreevich Fedotov
Robert Remak



Giuseppina Strepponi




Adolph Menzel, self-portrait, 1834
Augusta Ada Byron
at the age of 4

Exact date of birth unknown


First half of the year

General of L'Estocq

Second half of the year

Friedrich Wilhelm von Reden
Joachim Murat's grave monument in the Père Lachaise cemetery
Ney's tomb in the Pere Lachaise cemetery in Paris

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1815  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files