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Andreas Hofer's execution in Mantua in 1810
Andreas Hofer , leader of the Tyrolean freedom fighters ,
is shot in Mantua on the orders of Napoleon Bonaparte .
Louis Bonaparte, King of Holland (Portrait of Charles Howard Hodges)
Louis Bonaparte abdicates as King of Holland
because of differences
with his brother Napoleon .
Karl August von Hardenberg
Karl August von Hardenberg becomes Prussian State Chancellor and continues the reform work of his predecessor Heinrich Friedrich Karl vom und zum Stein .
1810 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1258/59 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1802/03 (September 10/11)
Bengali solar calendar 1215/16 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2353/54 (southern Buddhism); 2352/53 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 75th (76th) cycle

Year of the Metal Horse庚午 ( at the beginning of the year Earth-Snake己巳)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1172/73 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4143/44 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1188/89
Islamic calendar 1224/25 (turn of the year 5th / 6th February)
Jewish calendar 5570/71 (September 28-29)
Coptic calendar 1526/27 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 985/986
Seleucid era Babylon: 2120/21 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2121/22 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1866/67 (April)


Politics and world events


In 1810 the French Empire was at the height of its power. Large parts of Europe were ruled by the Napoleon Bonaparte family. In Spain, Napoleon's eldest brother Joseph sat on the throne. The youngest brother Jerome ruled the Kingdom of Westphalia . The officer Joachim Murat , who was married to the youngest sister Caroline Bonaparte , was King of Naples. Napoleon's adopted son Eugène de Beauharnais acted as Viceroy of Italy. The eldest sister Elisa was the Grand Duchess of Tuscany. The son of Louis Bonaparte , Napoléon Louis ruled the Grand Duchy of Berg . Only two of Napoleon's siblings had no titles or honors at the end of 1810: Lucien was captured by the British on a trip to the USA. Louis, who fell out with Napoleon in his role as King of Holland because of the continental blockade , lived in exile in Rome. Because of his marriage plans , Napoleon was encouraged in 1810 to reform the territorial order in his sphere of influence as much as he wanted to leave it to his heir to the throne: on January 12, 1810, large parts of the northern former Electorate of Hanover fell to the Kingdom of Westphalia. France annexed Rome on February 17, 1810. On February 28, 1810, the Kingdom of Bavaria was awarded part of Franconia in exchange for Trentino , which fell to the Kingdom of Italy. On July 9, 1810, Holland and the North German Hanseatic cities were incorporated into the Empire.

From 1810 Napoleon increasingly distanced himself from his previous practice of distributing states to family members. Instead of asserting the interests of France, his brothers and sisters had developed sympathy for the peoples entrusted to them. Napoleon therefore saw the unity of his sphere of influence endangered. Louis Bonaparte felt this hardest: he had tried to start peace negotiations with England through the banker Gabriel-Julien Ouvrard . In this way the trade, which had been brought to a standstill by the Napoleonic continental barrier, was to be revived. In response, Napoleon occupied the area to the left of the Waal in March 1810 . Louis abdicated, whereupon Napoleon annexed the entire Kingdom of Holland. On December 13, 1810, Napoleon reduced the size of the Kingdom of Westphalia again. He formed the part of the kingdom north of the Minden-Ratzeburg line into three French departments . Napoleon also severely restricted the political freedom of action of the Spanish King Joseph. On February 8, 1810, he issued a decree in which he encouraged the formation of military governments in the provinces of Spain.

Andreas Hofer's last course, painting by Karl Karger
Thomas Rowlandson : Caricature about Napoleon's marriage to Marie-Louise
Hans Axel von Fersen
The Kingdom of Holland 1806–1810
Bernadotte as Crown Prince
Therese and Ludwig as crown prince couple, painting by FT Berg, 1818

United States of America

United States 1810-1812

Latin America




science and technology

Color circle by Goethe, 1809

Culture and society

Architecture and fine arts


Music and theater

First printing Das Käthchen von Heilbronn




January February

Frédéric Chopin, 1849

March April


May June

Robert Schumann, 1850
Fanny Elßler

July August

September October

November December

Theodor Schwann, 1857

Exact date of birth unknown


First half of the year

Johann Wilhelm Ritter
Henry Cavendish

Second half of the year

Self-portrait of Philipp Otto Runge, 1804/05

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1810  - Collection of Images, Videos and Audio Files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Thierry Lentz : The geographical climax of the French Empire In: 1810. The politics of love: Napoleon I and Marie-Louise in Compiegne, exhibition catalog of the National Museum in Compiegne Castle. Réunion des Musées nationaux. Paris 2010. p. 24
  2. Jean Tulard : Napoleon or the Myth of the Savior. A biography. Whimsical. Tübingen 1978. p. 348.