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Heads of State · Nekrolog · Music Year

Execution of Joseph Suss Oppenheimer on February 4, 1738 at the gates of Stuttgart
Joseph Süß Oppenheimer is executed at the gates of Stuttgart, his body left hanging for years.
City center of Hamburg around 1735 (copper engraving by Christian Fritzsch)
In the Gottorf Treaty , the Duchy of Holstein recognized Hamburg's imperial immediacy
after a long dispute .
1738 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1186/87 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1730/31 (turn of the year 10/11 September)
Bengali solar calendar 1143/44 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2281/82 (southern Buddhism); 2280/81 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 73rd (74th) cycle

Year of the Earth-Horse戊午 ( at the beginning of the year Fire-Snake 丁巳)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1100/01 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4071/72 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1116/17
Islamic calendar 1150/51 (turn of the year 20/21 April)
Jewish calendar 5498/99 (September 14-15)
Coptic calendar 1454/55 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 913/914
Seleucid era Babylon: 2048/49 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2049/50 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1794/95 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Holy Roman Empire

Joseph Süß Oppenheimer (copper engraving from 1738)
The place of the negotiation: Gottorp Castle


  • With the help of Dutch merchants, the former King of Corsica Theodor von Neuhoff tries to regain his kingdom, which was lost two years ago, but fails on the landing, whereupon the Dutch land him near Naples. In the meantime, France intervened on Genoa side in the conflict over Corsica and landed on the island with several ships.

War of the Polish Succession

Russo-Austrian Turkish War


Voyages of discovery

Engraving by Jean-Baptiste Charles Bouvet de Lozier


science and technology

The first building of the Christianeum, 1738; Engraving from the oldest catalog in the Christianeum library


Music and theater

  • January 3rd : The famous castrato Caffarelli , who accepted an invitation from Georg Friedrich Händel, sings the title role at the premiere of his opera Faramondo based on a literary model by Apostolo Zeno at the Kings' Theater . Despite favorable reviews, the piece only got seven performances and was then canceled.
  • February 25 : The opera seria Alessandro Severo by Georg Friedrich Händel has its world premiere at London's Kings' Theater . The title role is again sung by Caffarelli. The piece flops and will only be performed six times until May 30th, after which it will no longer be performed. Only the vocal and instrumental benefit concert on March 28, organized by Handel for himself and urgently requested by his friends and singers , is so overcrowded with almost 1,300 visitors that you have to put rows of seats or benches on the stage, and therefore Handel has ample income to cover debts.
  • April 15 : The opera Serse by Georg Friedrich Händel , HWV 40 , based on the play Il Xerse by Nicolò Minato, has its world premiere at London's Kings' Theater . This piece, too, is canceled after five performances and has not been played for almost 200 years. Since Caffarelli does not like Handel's music, and he is just as unconvinced of the singer's interpretation, the collaboration is ended again at the end of the season.
Title page of the libretto




Pope Clement XII.
Painter: Agostino Masucci
St. Trinitas Monastery Church


  • The Dutch slave ship Leuden is stranded in a storm on the coast of Suriname . The crew closes the hatches and rescues; the 702 slaves trapped below deck drown.


January to April

Anton I. Esterházy

May to August

George III, 1762
  • 0June 4th : George III. , King of Great Britain and Ireland as well as Elector of Braunschweig-Lüneburg and King of Hanover († 1820 )

September to December

Wilhelm Herschel, 1785

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1738


Date of death secured

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1738  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files