Calendar overview 1680
|Catherine Monvoisin dies at the stake . This also ends the poison affair at the French court.||
Johann Georg III.
becomes Duke of Saxony .
Tokugawa Tsunayoshi becomes the
5th Shogun of the Tokugawa Shogunate.
|1680 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1128/29 (turn of the year July)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1672/73 (September 10-11)|
|Bengali solar calendar||1085/1086 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)|
|Buddhist calendar||2223/24 (southern Buddhism); 2222/23 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||72nd (73rd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||1042/43 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||4013/14 (October 2-3)|
|Islamic calendar||1090/91 (February 1-2)|
|Jewish calendar||5440/41 (23/24 September)|
|Coptic calendar||1396/97 (September 10-11)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1990/91 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1991/92 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1736/37 (April)|
Politics and world events
- 23 January : The poison affair at the French court reaches its climax: Olympia Mancini and the Duchess of Bouillon (both nieces of Cardinal Mazarin ), the Marquise d 'Allnye, the Marquise of Polignac, the Count of Clermont , the Duchess of Angoulême , the Princess of Tingry , the Marquise of Roure , the Duke of Luxembourg and the Marquis de Feuquières are arrested and taken to prison. Several people are subsequently subjected to the embarrassing questioning , Olympia Mancini manages to escape to Holland.
- February 22nd : Potions and poison mixer Catherine Monvoisin is executed on the Place de Grève in Paris at the stake . She maintained a circle of witches and had contacts with the French court. The remains of 2,500 babies had been excavated on their property.
- August 5th : The order to build the Saarlouis fortress comes from France's King Louis XIV. The foundation stone is laid by Thomas de Choisy and Father Coelestin from St. Dié.
- August 9th : Louis XIV , with the help of his Reunionskammer, takes over Alsace with constructed property claims for France . Further reunions threaten Palatinate and Trier areas.
- August: The Chambre ardente closes its activities after the poison affair.
Holy Roman Empire
- August 22 : Change of throne in Electoral Saxony . To Johann Georg II. Follows his son Johann Georg III. as elector.
- August 28 : After the death of Karl I. Ludwig , his son Karl II. Succeeds as the new Elector of the Palatinate , who is currently in England to ask for help against the aggressive policy of Louis XIV of France.
Viceroyalty of New Spain
- August 10 : Organized by the Indian priest Popé , the Pueblo uprising breaks out in the viceroyalty of New Spain . Numerous Spanish colonists as well as many indigenous people fall victim to it.
- from 1680: Osei Tutu , ruler of Kumasi , unites the previously independent principalities of the Ashanti .
science and technology
- November 14 : Gottfried Kirch discovers the Great Comet from 1680 through a telescope . The Jesuit Eusebio Francisco Kino also observes the comet's path and records it.
- February 6th : The world premiere of the opera L'Honestà negli Amori by Alessandro Scarlatti takes place in the Palazzo Bernini in Rome.
- The Dutch painter Melchior de Hondecoeter paints one of his most famous pictures, the oil painting A Pelican and Other Birds by a Pond , better known as The Floating Feather .
Historical maps and views
First half of the year
- January 3 : Johann Baptist Zimmermann , German painter and plasterer of the Baroque († 1758 )
- January 8 : Sebastiano Conca , Italian painter († 1764 )
- January 16 : Giampaolo De Dominici , Italian actor, singer and composer († 1758 )
- January 24 : Hyacinth Petit , German auxiliary bishop († 1719 )
- May 3 : Nicolae Mavrocordat , Prince of Wallachia and Moldova († 1730 )
- May 5 : Giuseppe Porsile , Italian composer and singing teacher († 1750 )
- May 11th : Ignaz Kögler , German Jesuit and China missionary († 1746 )
- May 16 : Christoph Andreas Johann Szembek , Prince-Bishop of Warmia and Samland († 1740 )
- May 29 : Ferdinand Albrecht II , Duke of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel († 1735 )
- June 6 : Johann Martin Seekatz , German painter († 1729 )
- June 18 : Johann Georg Zimmermann , Post Commissioner († 1734 )
Second half of the year
- July 6 : Johann Matthias Florin , German university lecturer († 1751 )
- July 6 : Johann Joachim Schröder , German orientalist, librarian, Reformed theologian and church historian († 1756 )
- July 12th : Michael Friedrich Cardinal von Althann , Viceroy of Naples and Sicily († 1734 )
- September 10 : Johann Georg Achbauer the Younger , Bohemian Baroque builder († 1737 )
- September 15 : Johann Michael Bretschneider , German painter († 1729 )
- September 22 : Barthold Heinrich Brockes , German writer and poet († 1747 )
- September 25 : Adam Franz Prince von Schwarzenberg , Austrian Obersthofmarschall († 1732 )
- September 29 : Luise Dorothea Sophie von Brandenburg , Margravine of Brandenburg († 1705 )
- September 29 : Christian Friedrich Hunold , German author († 1721 )
- October 3 : Johanna Elisabeth von Baden-Durlach , Duchess of Württemberg († 1757 )
- October 10 : John Campbell, 2nd Duke of Argyll , Scottish nobleman and soldier, Commander in Chief of the British Army († 1743 )
- October 17 : Anna Constantia Countess von Cosel , most famous mistress of August the Strong († 1765 )
- November 1 : Johann Gottfried Kraus , German legal scholar († 1739 )
- November 7th : Christian III. Moritz , Duke of Saxe-Merseburg († 1694 )
- November 24th : Karl Joseph von Lothringen , bishop in Olmütz , Osnabrück and Trier († 1715 )
- November 24th : Jean Baptiste Bassand , French medic († 1742 )
- November 25th : Katharina von Altenbockum , mistress of August the Strong († 1743 )
First half of the year
- February 8 : Elisabeth von Herford , Countess Palatine, Abbess (* 1618 )
- February 17th : Jan Swammerdam , Dutch naturalist, founder of the theory of preformations (* 1637 )
- February 22 : Catherine Monvoisin , French witch and serial killer (* 1640 )
- March 6 : Henry Frederick Thynne, 1st Baronet , English nobleman (* 1615 )
- March 17th : François de La Rochefoucauld , French writer (* 1613 )
- March 23 : Nicolas Fouquet , French finance minister (* 1615 )
- April 1 : David Denicke , German lawyer and hymn poet (* 1603 )
- April 5 : Shivaji , leader of the Marathas (* 1630 )
- April 19 : Marie Hedwig of Hessen-Darmstadt , Duchess of Saxony-Meiningen (* 1647 )
- April 25th : Luise von Anhalt-Dessau , through her marriage Duchess of Liegnitz, Brieg, Wohlau and Ohlau (* 1631 )
- May 8 : Anna Maria , Princess of Brandenburg-Bayreuth and Princess of Eggenberg (* 1609 )
- May 18 : Michael Ludovici , German Lutheran theologian (* 1602 )
- May 31 : Joachim Neander , German hymn poet (* 1650 )
- June 4th : August , Duke of Saxony-Weißenfels (* 1614 )
- June 4 : Tokugawa Ietsuna , Japanese Shogun (* 1641 )
- June 8th : Anna Kramer, called Bader-Ann , victim of the witch trials in Veringenstadt (* 1619 )
- June 14th : Sophia Báthory , wife of George II Rákóczi, Prince of Transylvania (* 1629 )
Second half of the year
- July 10 : Louis Moréri , French encyclopedia (* 1643 )
- July 19 : Anton Ulrich , Duke of Württemberg-Neuenstadt (* 1661 )
- August 3 : Tomáš Pešina z Čechorodu , Czech historian and writer (* 1629 )
- August 16 : Jakob Andreas Crusius , German lawyer (* 1636 )
- August 24 : Ferdinand Bol , Dutch painter, student of Rembrandt (* 1616 )
- August 27 : Joan Cererols , Catalan Benedictine and composer (* 1618 )
- August 28 : Karl I. Ludwig , Elector Palatinate (* 1617 )
- September 1 : Anna Sophia I , Abbess of the Quedlinburg Monastery (* 1619 )
- September 1 : Johann Georg II , Elector of Saxony and Archmarschall of the Holy Roman Empire (* 1613 )
- September 3 : Anna Elisabeth , Princess of Anhalt-Bernburg and Duchess of Württemberg-Bernstadt (* 1647 )
- September 7 : Franz Jünger , Mayor of Dresden (1679–1680) (* 1613 )
- September 11th : Go-Mizunoo , 108th Emperor of Japan (* 1596 )
- September 12 : Per Brahe the Younger , Swedish statesman (* 1602 )
- September 12 : Martin Geier , German Lutheran theologian (* 1614 )
- September 25 : Samuel Butler , English poet (* 1612 )
- September 30th : Johann Grueber , missionary (* 1623 )
- October 1 : Pierre-Paul Riquet , French engineer (* 1609 )
- October 10 : Jacob Tappe , German physician and professor of medicine at the University of Helmstedt (* 1603 )
- October 15 : Bedřich Bridel , Bohemian writer and Jesuit missionary Societas Jesu (* 1619 )
- October 16 : Raimund von Montecuccoli , Austrian general, diplomat and statesman (* 1609 )
- November 28 : Gian Lorenzo Bernini , Italian sculptor and builder (* 1598 )
- November 30th : Peter Lely , British painter (* 1618 )
- December 4 : Petronio Franceschini , Italian composer (* 1651 )
- December 20 : Elisabeth Sophia von Sachsen-Altenburg , Duchess of Sachsen-Gotha (* 1619 )