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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Elisabeth's funeral procession, contemporary depiction
Elizabeth I of England dies childless.
Portrait of James I of England, painted by Nicholas Hilliard, 1603–1609
Maria Stuart's son James VI. of Scotland becomes King of England as James I.
Tokugawa Ieyasu
Tokugawa Ieyasu founds
the Tokugawa shogunate.
The Edo period in Japan begins.
1603 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1051/52 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1595/96 (turn of the year 11/12 September)
Bengali solar calendar 1008/09 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2146/47 (southern Buddhism); 2145/46 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 71st (72nd) cycle

Year of the water hare癸卯 ( at the beginning of the year water tiger 壬寅)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 965/966 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3936/37 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 981/982
Islamic calendar 1011/12 (turn of the year 10/11 June)
Jewish calendar 5363/64 (September 5-6)
Coptic calendar 1319/20 (September 11-12)
Malayalam calendar 778/779
Seleucid era Babylon: 1913/14 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1914/15 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1659/60 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events


Ottoman Empire

Ahmed I.
  • December 22nd : With Ahmed I. , Mehmed III takes over after the death of his father . for the first time a minor sultan took power in the Ottoman Empire . He ended the so-called women's rule by locking up his grandmother Safiye , who had previously led the reign, in a harem, but did not follow the Ottoman tradition of murdering direct competitors for the throne like his brother Mustafa .


American colonies


After defeating his fiercest adversary Ishida Mitsunari in the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600 , Tokugawa Ieyasu can be awarded the title of Shogun by the Tennō . This is the beginning of the Tokugawa shogunate. This period of Japanese history, also known as the Edo period, lasts more than 200 years and includes the longest period of peace in the modern world.

Other events in Asia


science and technology

Title page of the Uranometria
sheet from the Vocabulario da Lingoa de Iapam
  • The Jesuits are printing the groundbreaking Japanese - Portuguese dictionary Vocabulario da Lingoa de Iapam in Nagasaki . It comprises 32,293 headwords, which are transliterated in Latin letters and arranged alphabetically according to the Portuguese conventions of the time. Regional differences between the Kyūshū area and the region around Kyōto are also taken into account, as are differences between colloquial and written language. Women's language, children's language, vulgar forms and Buddhist terms are also marked as such.
  • The Pontifical Academy of Sciences is founded.



Historical maps and views

Venice Lagoon 1603


Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown

Abel Tasman


First half of the year

Elizabeth I's tomb

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown


  • Christopher Lee: 1603: A Turning point in British History - London: Review, 2003 - ISBN 0-7472-3408-6

Web links

Commons : 1603  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files