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Heads of State · Obituary

Gerrit van Honthorst: Prince William II of Orange and Princess Maria Henrietta Stuart, oil on canvas, 1647
William II of Orange
becomes governor
of the United Netherlands .
An Agreement of the People
The Levellers
compose the pamphlet
An Agreement of the People .
Rock of Cashel
English Parliamentary troops capture and sack the Rock of Cashel
during the Irish Confederate Wars .
1647 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1095/96 (July turn of the year)
Ethiopian calendar 1639/40 (September 11/12)
Bengali solar calendar 1052/53 (beginning of the year April 14 or 15)
Buddhist calendar 2190/91 (Southern Buddhism); 2189/90 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 72nd (73rd) cycle

Year of the Fire Pig丁亥 ( at the beginning of the year Fire Dog 丙戌)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1009/10 (New Year's April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3980/81 (2/3 October)
Iranian calendar 1025/26 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 1056/57 (5/6 February)
Jewish calendar 5407/08 (29/30 September)
Coptic calendar 1363/64 (September 11/12)
Malayalam calendar 822/823
Seleucid era Babylon: 1957/58 (April turn of the year)

Syria: 1958/59 (October turn of the year)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese calendar) 1703/04 (April)


politics and world affairs

England / Scotland / Ireland

English Civil War
Irish Confederate Wars

Thirty Years' War

Tübingen and the castle before the siege

Other events in the kingdom

United Netherlands and Nieuw Nederland

After the death of his father Frederick Henry on March 14, William II of the House of Orange-Nassau becomes governor of the United Netherlands .

Peter Stuyvesant

The new General Manager Petrus Stuyvesant arrives in the Nieuw Nederland colony on May 11, succeeding the controversial Willem Kieft . Two weeks later, the official inauguration takes place and Stuyvesant appoints a council and establishes a tribunal. As a concession to the will of the people, he elects 18 delegates in a general election, from which the governor and his council form a committee of 9 representatives. However, its powers are only of an advisory nature.

Willem Kieft, awaiting trial in Amsterdam for his administration, boards the Princess Amalia in August , which sinks off the coast of Wales in September. Kieft dies in the process. All documents and papers for the process are lost with it. It is still unclear whether the allegations against him were justified.


Construction of St Agatha's Tower begins on December 5th as part of Malta's fortifications. Since the tower was built under Grand Master Jean de Lascaris-Castellar , it is counted among the so-called Lascaris Towers . Structurally, it corresponds more closely to the earlier Wignacourt Towers .

science and technology

Pierre Gassendi

After years of dealing with the subject De vita et moribus Epicuri , the French philosopher Pierre Gassendi publishes a biography of Epicurus that refutes the defamation of his person that has been customary since antiquity.

The French physicist Blaise Pascal proves with his experiment emptiness in the emptiness that the mercury in a manometer column is only pushed to a certain height by the external air pressure. Only with this experiment can the ancient hypothesis of the horror vacui , which goes back to Aristotle , be refuted and thus the existence of the vacuum be proven.


Susanna and the two old people

Rembrandt van Rijn paints Susanna and the two elders after the theme of Susanna in the bath .

Baltasar Gracián 's Oraculo manual y arte de prudencia is published in Huesca, Spain.

Johann Crüger publishes his hymn book Praxis pietatis melica , which contains song texts by Paul Gerhardt for the first time , including Nun ruhen alle Bäume .


The English Parliament abolishes Christmas .


Johann Philipp von Schonborn


  • May 13: A severe earthquake in Santiago de Chile kills around 12,000 people and thus about a third of its population.
  • August 4: Around 4 p.m. the Stephanitorzwinger in Bremen is destroyed by lightning. Six tons of powder stored there explode. Many houses in the surrounding streets were damaged, some of them severely. There is no information about victims.

Historical maps and views


First half of the year

Maria Sibylla Merian, around 1700
  • June 30: John George III. , Prince of the House of Wettin (Albertine line) († 1691)
  • June 30: Johann Diecmann , German educator and Lutheran theologian († 1720)

Second half of the year

Denis Papin, 1689 with his printing cylinder
  • August 22: Denis Papin , French physicist, mathematician and inventor (died 1713)

Exact date of birth unknown


Date of death secured

  • 0June 9: Leonard Calvert , first English colonial governor of Maryland (b. c. 1606)
  • June 11: Christoph Matthäus , German rhetorician, historian and physician in the Netherlands (b. 1608)
  • 0July 7: Thomas Hooker , leading figure of the first Puritan immigrants in New England (b. 1586)
  • July 12: Francesco Maria Farnese , cardinal and regent of the Duchy of Parma (b. 1619)
  • 16 July: Masaniello , main leader of the popular uprising of 1647 in Naples (b. 1620)
Evangelista Torricelli

Exact date of death unknown

web links

Commons : 1647  - Collection of images, videos and audio files