William II of Orange
of the United Netherlands .
compose the pamphlet
An Agreement of the People .
Rock of Cashel
during the Irish Confederate Wars .
|1647 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1095/96 (July turn of the year)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1639/40 (September 11/12)|
|Bengali solar calendar||1052/53 (beginning of the year April 14 or 15)|
|Buddhist calendar||2190/91 (Southern Buddhism); 2189/90 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||72nd (73rd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||1009/10 (New Year's April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||3980/81 (2/3 October)|
|Iranian calendar||1025/26 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||1056/57 (5/6 February)|
|Jewish calendar||5407/08 (29/30 September)|
|Coptic calendar||1363/64 (September 11/12)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1957/58 (April turn of the year)
Syria: 1958/59 (October turn of the year)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese calendar)||1703/04 (April)|
politics and world affairs
England / Scotland / Ireland
English Civil War
- January 23: King Charles I of England is handed over to the English Parliament by the Scottish Earl Archibald Campbell for a large bounty .
- The Levellers compose the pamphlet An Agreement of the People .
Irish Confederate Wars
- August: The English Revolutionary Army defeats the Confederacy of Ireland troops at the Battle of Dungans Hill .
- September: English Parliamentary troops under Murrough O'Brien, 1st Earl of Inchiquin , capture and sack the Rock of Cashel . The members of the local garrison and clergy are massacred and important religious works of art are destroyed.
- November: The English Revolutionary Army defeats Confederate forces of Ireland at the Battle of Knocknanauss .
Thirty Years' War
- A French force besieges Hohentübingen Castle and blows up its corner towers.
- June 18: Louis Condé is defeated by the Spanish at Lleida in Catalonia.
- July 18: The Swedes under Wrangel capture the Imperial Fortress of Eger .
- August 22: Imperial troops under Peter Melander von Holzappel defeat the Swedes under Carl Gustaf Wrangel and Helmold Wilhelm Wrangel at the Battle of Triebl .
Other events in the kingdom
United Netherlands and Nieuw Nederland
The new General Manager Petrus Stuyvesant arrives in the Nieuw Nederland colony on May 11, succeeding the controversial Willem Kieft . Two weeks later, the official inauguration takes place and Stuyvesant appoints a council and establishes a tribunal. As a concession to the will of the people, he elects 18 delegates in a general election, from which the governor and his council form a committee of 9 representatives. However, its powers are only of an advisory nature.
Willem Kieft, awaiting trial in Amsterdam for his administration, boards the Princess Amalia in August , which sinks off the coast of Wales in September. Kieft dies in the process. All documents and papers for the process are lost with it. It is still unclear whether the allegations against him were justified.
Construction of St Agatha's Tower begins on December 5th as part of Malta's fortifications. Since the tower was built under Grand Master Jean de Lascaris-Castellar , it is counted among the so-called Lascaris Towers . Structurally, it corresponds more closely to the earlier Wignacourt Towers .
science and technology
After years of dealing with the subject De vita et moribus Epicuri , the French philosopher Pierre Gassendi publishes a biography of Epicurus that refutes the defamation of his person that has been customary since antiquity.
The French physicist Blaise Pascal proves with his experiment emptiness in the emptiness that the mercury in a manometer column is only pushed to a certain height by the external air pressure. Only with this experiment can the ancient hypothesis of the horror vacui , which goes back to Aristotle , be refuted and thus the existence of the vacuum be proven.
Baltasar Gracián 's Oraculo manual y arte de prudencia is published in Huesca, Spain.
- November 19: Johann Philipp von Schönborn is elected Archbishop of Mainz as successor to Anselm Casimir Wambolt von Umstadt , who died on October 9 .
- May 13: A severe earthquake in Santiago de Chile kills around 12,000 people and thus about a third of its population.
- August 4: Around 4 p.m. the Stephanitorzwinger in Bremen is destroyed by lightning. Six tons of powder stored there explode. Many houses in the surrounding streets were damaged, some of them severely. There is no information about victims.
Historical maps and views
First half of the year
- Christian Wilhelm , Prince of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen († 1721) January 6:
- Wilhelm Ludwig , Duke of Württemberg († 1677) January 7:
- January 17: Samuel Benedict Carpzov , German poet and evangelical theologian (died 1707)
- January 17: Elisabetha Hevelius , Danzig astronomer († 1693)
- January: Vincenzo Olivicciani called Vincenzino , Italian singer and castrato († 1726)
- February 17: Johann Alexander Böner , Nuremberg engraver, etcher, draftsman and art dealer († 1720)
- March 12: Victor-Maurice de Broglie , French general († 1727)
- March 19: Anna Elisabeth , Princess of Anhalt-Bernburg and Duchess of Württemberg-Bernstadt († 1680)
- Maria Sibylla Merian , Swiss naturalist and artist († 1717) April 2:
- April 12 Gregorio De Ferrari , Italian painter and fresco artist (died 1726)
- May 20 (baptized): Basilius Petritz , Kreuzkantor in Dresden († 1715)
- June 30: John George III. , Prince of the House of Wettin (Albertine line) († 1691)
- June 30: Johann Diecmann , German educator and Lutheran theologian († 1720)
Second half of the year
- July 22: Margareta Maria Alacoque , French nun and mystic and saint of the Catholic Church (d. 1690)
- July 23: Luise Marie of the Palatinate , Princess of Salm († 1679)
- Giovanni II Cornaro , Doge of Venice (died 1722) August 4:
- August 12: Johann Heinrich Acker , German theologian and writer († 1719)
- August 12: Eberhard Werner Happel , German writer (died 1690)
- August 22: Denis Papin , French physicist, mathematician and inventor (died 1713)
- Anna Sophie , Electress of Saxony († 1717) September 1:
- Gerhard Noodt , Dutch jurist (died 1725) September 4:
- September 23: Joseph Dudley , colonial governor in Massachusetts (d. 1720)
- September 23: Frederick VII Magnus , Margrave of Baden-Durlach († 1709)
- October 29: Amalia von Degenfeld , Baroness of Degenfeld († 1683)
- November 11: Johann Wilhelm Baier , German Protestant theologian († 1695)
- November 18: Pierre Bayle , French philosopher and scholar (died 1706)
- November 26: Marie Hedwig of Hesse-Darmstadt , Duchess of Saxe-Meiningen († 1680)
Exact date of birth unknown
- Arthur Herbert, 1st Earl of Torrington , English admiral and politician (died 1716)
- Joseph I , Patriarch of the Chaldean Catholic Church based in Diyarbakır (died 1707)
Date of death secured
- January 12: Arnold Mengering , German Lutheran theologian (b. 1596)
- January 23: Dorothea von Ahlefeldt , squire of Kollmar, Drage and Heiligenstedten (b. 1586)
- Daniel Heider , German jurist and legal historian (b. 1572) February 1:
- February 17: Johann Heermann , German hymn writer (b. 1585)
- March 12: Georg Christoph von Taupadel , German general in Swedish, later French service (b. c. 1600)
- March 14: Frederick Henry , governor of the United Netherlands (b. 1584)
- April 14: David Auerbach , German theologian (b. 1599)
- April 25: Matthias Gallas , Imperial general in the Thirty Years' War (b. 1588)
- April 25: Andreas Scultetus , German writer (b. c. 1622/23)
- May 19: Sebastian Vrancx , Flemish painter (b. 1573)
- May 21: Pieter Corneliszoon Hooft , Dutch poet and historian (b. 1581)
- May 24: Ferdinando Gorges , English colonist (b. c. 1568)
- 31 May: Karl Friedrich I , Duke of Oels and Bernstadt (b. 1593)
- Leonard Calvert , first English colonial governor of Maryland (b. c. 1606) June 9:
- June 11: Christoph Matthäus , German rhetorician, historian and physician in the Netherlands (b. 1608)
- Thomas Hooker , leading figure of the first Puritan immigrants in New England (b. 1586) July 7:
- July 12: Francesco Maria Farnese , cardinal and regent of the Duchy of Parma (b. 1619)
- 16 July: Masaniello , main leader of the popular uprising of 1647 in Naples (b. 1620)
- August 27: Pietro Novelli , Sicilian painter (b. 1603)
- August 28: Johann Dilliger , German Protestant theologian and composer (b. 1593)
- Arndt Bottermann , victim of the witch hunt in Witten 4 October:
- Anselm Casimir Wambolt von Umstadt , Archbishop and Elector of Mainz (b. 1579) October 9:
- 12 October: Joseph Bergaigne , Archbishop of Cambrai and politician in Spanish service (b. 1588)
- October 25: Evangelista Torricelli , Italian physicist and mathematician (b. 1608)
- October 28: Luis Jerónimo de Cabrera , Spanish colonial administrator and viceroy of Peru (b. 1586)
- November 29: Giovanni Lanfranco , Italian painter (b. 1582)
- November 30: Francesco Bonaventura Cavalieri , Italian mathematician (b. c. 1598)
- December 24: Albert Burgh , Amsterdam doctor and mayor (b. 1593)
- 31 December: Giovanni Maria Trabaci , Neapolitan composer (b. c. 1575)