1647

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Heads of State · Nekrolog

1647
Gerrit van Honthorst: Prince Wilhelm II of Orange and Princess Maria Henrietta Stuart, oil on canvas, 1647
William II of Orange
becomes governor of
the United Netherlands .
An Agreement of the People
The Levellers
compose the pamphlet
An Agreement of the People .
Rock of Cashel
English parliamentary troops capture and loot the Rock of Cashel
during the Irish Confederation Wars .
1647 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1095/96 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1639/40 (September 11-12)
Bengali solar calendar 1052/53 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2190/91 (southern Buddhism); 2189/90 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 72nd (73rd) cycle

Year of the fire pig丁亥 ( at the beginning of the year fire dog 丙戌)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1009/10 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3980/81 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1025/26 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 1056/57 (February 5-6)
Jewish calendar 5407/08 (September 29/30)
Coptic calendar 1363/64 (September 11-12)
Malayalam calendar 822/823
Seleucid era Babylon: 1957/58 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1958/59 (New Year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1703/04 (April)

Events

Politics and world events

England / Scotland / Ireland

English Civil War
Irish Confederate Wars

Thirty Years' War

Tübingen and the castle before the siege

Further events in the empire

United Netherlands and Nieuw Nederland

After the death of his father Friedrich Heinrich on March 14th, Wilhelm II of the House of Orange-Nassau becomes governor of the United Netherlands.

Petrus Stuyvesant

The new General Director Petrus Stuyvesant arrives on May 11th as the successor to the controversial Willem Kieft in the colony of Nieuw Nederland . Two weeks later the official inauguration takes place and Stuyvesant appoints a council and sets up a court of law. As a concession to the will of the people, he has 18 delegates elected in a general election, from which the governor and his council form a committee of 9 representatives. Its powers are, however, only of an advisory nature.

Willem Kieft, who is awaiting trial in Amsterdam over his administration, will board the Princess Amalia in August , which will sink off the coast of Wales in September. Kieft finds death in the process. With it, all documents and papers for the process are lost. It is still unclear whether the allegations against him were justified.

Malta

science and technology

Pierre Gassendi

After years of preoccupation with the subject of De vita et moribus Epicuri , the French philosopher Pierre Gassendi publishes a biography of Epicurus with the refutation of the defamation of his person that has been common since ancient times.

The French physicist Blaise Pascal proves with his experiment Void in the Void that the mercury in a manometer column is only pushed to a certain height by the external air pressure. Only with this experiment can the ancient hypothesis of the horror vacui , which goes back to Aristotle , be refuted and thus the existence of the vacuum can be proven.

Culture

Susanna and the two old people

religion

Johann Philipp von Schönborn

Disasters

  • May 13 : Around 12,000 people, around a third of its population, die in Santiago de Chile in a severe earthquake .
  • August 4th : Around 4 p.m., the Stephanitorzwinger in Bremen was destroyed by lightning. Six tons of powder stored there explode. Many houses in the surrounding streets are damaged, some of them badly. There is no information about victims.

Historical maps and views

Born

First half of the year

Maria Sibylla Merian, around 1700

Second half of the year

Denis Papin, 1689 with his printing cylinder

Exact date of birth unknown

Died

First half of the year

Second half of the year

Evangelista Torricelli

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

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