English Parliament

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Coat of arms of England 1399–1603

The English Parliament (English: Parliament of England ) was the first parliament in the British Isles , in 1707 it became the British Parliament (now the Parliament of the United Kingdom ).


The origins of the English Parliament can be traced back to the Anglo-Saxon Witenagemot , a council of leading men. After leading nobles were granted significant rights by King John Ohneland in the Magna Charta in 1215 , the royal council - the Curia Regis - slowly developed into a parliament within a monarchy. Under King Edward III. the English Parliament was divided into two chambers by one chamber , the House of Lords (upper house) and the House of Commons (lower house). The English Civil War(1642-1649), during which the Long Parliament met, was between parliamentarians and the followers of King Charles I fought.

The parliamentary term of office was initially not limited. It was set for three years in the Triennial Act of 1694.

With the Act of Union 1707 , the English Parliament and the Scottish Parliament ( English Parliament of Scotland ) were united to the Parliament of Great Britain (British Parliament).

Significant laws passed by the English Parliament


With the re-establishment of regional parliaments in the rest of the UK, there is a growing desire in England to re-establish the English Parliament. This position is currently represented by the United Kingdom Independence Party .


  • John Robert Maddicott: The origins of the English parliament. Oxford University Press, 2000, ISBN 0199585504 .

Web links

Commons : Parliament of England  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files