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◄◄ | | 1653 | 1654 | 1655 | 1656 | 1657 | 1658 | 1659 | 1660 | 1661 | | ►►

Heads of State · Nekrolog

Admiral Robert Blake
Robert Blake defeats a Spanish fleet near Santa Cruz de Tenerife
Elector Friedrich Wilhelm I of Brandenburg, painting by Govaert Flinck
Elector Friedrich Wilhelm von Brandenburg changes sides in the Second Northern War .
Another demonstration of the Magdeburg hemispheres, engraving by Gaspar Schott
Otto von Guericke presented his Magdeburg hemispheres one more time at the court of the Elector of Brandenburg .
1657 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1105/06 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1649/50 (September 10-11)
Bengali solar calendar 1062/63 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2200/01 (southern Buddhism); 2199/2200 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 72nd (73rd) cycle

Year of the Fire Rooster丁酉 ( at the beginning of the year Fire Monkey 丙申)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1019/20 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3990/91 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1035/36
Islamic calendar 1067/68 (October 8/9)
Jewish calendar 5417/18 (September 7th / 8th)
Coptic calendar 1373/74 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 832/833
Seleucid era Babylon: 1967/68 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1968/69 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1713/14 (April)


Politics and world events

Second Northern War

Poland 1657

German Empire

  • April 2nd : To the late Emperor Ferdinand III. follows his son Leopold I as ruler of the Habsburg hereditary lands. Election and coronation as emperor will take place next year.
The Saxon Duchies 1657

Western and Southern Europe

The flagship The George during the battle


science and technology


Visual arts

Sleeping girl

Music and theater



  • The plague rages in Braunschweig, claiming 5,420 lives according to church records in 1657/1658.
  • When Meireki-major fire in Edo in Japan around 100,000 people die.


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Friedrich I, King in Prussia, around 1701

Exact date of birth unknown


First half of the year

The sarcophagus of Emperor Ferdinand III. in the Vienna Capuchin Crypt
  • 0June 3 : William Harvey , English physician and anatomist, discoverer of the blood circulation and pioneer of modern physiology (* 1578 )

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1657  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files