Calendar overview 1579
|Spanish Netherlands the Catholic Union of Arras and the Protestant Union of Utrecht are founded.||Wilhelm V becomes Duke of Bavaria and moves to the Munich residence .|
Abraham Ortelius draws, among other things,
Americae Sive Novi Orbis , a map of the well-known America.
|1579 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1027/28 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||2122/23 (southern Buddhism); 2121/22 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||71st (72nd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||941/942 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||3912/13 (October 2-3)|
|Islamic calendar||986/987 (turn of the year February 27/28)|
|Jewish calendar||5339/40 (September 20/21)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1889/90 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1890/91 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1635/36 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- January 6th : Catholic southern provinces merge to form the Union of Arras in the Spanish Netherlands .
- January 23 : The Union of Utrecht is founded by the seven northern provinces in the Spanish Netherlands . This is the reaction to the formation of the Union of Arras by the southern provinces, which had turned back to Catholic Spain . The conclusion of the contract is the nucleus for the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands .
- May: In the Peace of Arras , the ten southern provinces of the Netherlands recognize again the rule of Catholic Spain .
- July: The second Desmond Rebellion in Ireland begins when James Fitzmaurice Fitzgerald launches an invasion of Munster .
- The Seventh Huguenot War begins in France . Here, too, there was no serious fighting until it ended around a year later.
Eastern and Central Europe
- June 12 : Beginning of the conquest of Siberia under the Cossack Yermak Timofeyevich , who with a motley crew of Russians, Tatars, Lithuanians and Germans (a total of 1,650 men) from the Chusovaya breaks and in the following two years, the West Siberian realm of the Tatar khan Kütschüm conquered .
- August: After the army reform of 1578 and targeted recruitment of mercenaries, the Polish King Stefan Bathory opened a direct counterattack against northwestern Russian territory in the conflict over Livonia . He conquered in August Polotsk .
- October 24th : After the death of Albrecht V , his son Wilhelm V becomes Duke of Bavaria and moves to the Munich residence .
- Archduke Karl II of Inner Austria , as commander of the Croatian-Slavonian march , founds the Croatian city of Karlovac as a fortress against the Ottomans.
- Monterrey is founded.
- The Hebendanz brewery in Forchheim is founded.
- The Meusel brewery in Dreuschendorf in Upper Franconia is founded.
science and technology
- Foundation of the old state school in Korbach
Culture and society
- July 8 : A Marian apparition leads in Kazan for finding the icon of Our Lady of Kazan , which was hidden by a legend to them falling into the hands of the Tartars to drop.
- Cardinal Archbishop Karl Graf Borromeo founds the Helvetic College in Milan for the training of Catholic clergy for Switzerland.
- Cardinal William Allen founds the Pontifical English College in Rome for the Formation of Priests for England and Wales.
- In the course of the Reformation , the Bloomkamp monastery in the Netherlands is dissolved and the abbot arrested.
- The Tyrolean mountain Serles is climbed for the first time.
Historical maps and views
Date of birth saved
- January 10th : Manuel Ramírez de Carrión , is considered one of the first "deaf and dumb" educators († 1652 )
- February 28 : Sigismund Weier , German mathematician, librarian and historian († 1661 )
- March 4 : Hermann Samson , German-Baltic clergyman and educator († 1643 )
- April 10 : August the Younger , Duke of Braunschweig-Lüneburg, Prince of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel († 1666 )
- April 10 : Sebastian Schobinger , Swiss physician and mayor († 1652 )
- April 12 : François de Bassompierre , French courtier, diplomat and Marshal of France († 1646 )
- June 3 : Jens Munk , Danish-Norwegian navigator and explorer († 1628 )
- June 11 : Jan Cornelisz Geelvinck , Amsterdam wholesaler and regent († 1651 )
- June 17th : Ludwig I , Prince of Anhalt-Köthen († 1650 )
- July 2 : Janusz Radziwiłł , Lithuanian magnate and rebel († 1620 )
- July 13 : Arthur Dee , English doctor and alchemist († 1651 )
- July 30 : Tokugawa Hidetada , Japanese Shogun († 1632 )
- August 18 : Charlotte Flandrina of Orange-Nassau , Dutch princess, abbess of Sainte-Croix († 1640 )
- August 20 : Hans Iversen Wandal , Danish Lutheran theologian and bishop († 1641 )
- August 21 : Henri II. De Rohan , French Huguenot leader and general in the Thirty Years' War († 1638 )
- September 1 : Johann Friedrich von Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf , Archbishop of Bremen, Prince-Bishop of Lübeck and Bishop of Verden († 1634 )
- October 4 : Guido Bentivoglio , Italian cardinal, historian and politician († 1644 )
- November 11th : Frans Snyders , Flemish painter († 1657 )
- November 30th : Anselm Casimir Wambolt von Umstadt , Archbishop and Elector of Mainz († 1647 )
- December 3 : Levin Ludwig von Hahn , court official and soldier († 1635 )
- December 3 : Otto von Preen , German lawyer and court official († 1634 )
- December 9 : Martin de Porres , Peruvian saint, Dominican († 1639 )
- December 28 : Helwig Garth , German Lutheran theologian († 1619 )
- December: John Fletcher , English playwright († 1625 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Dominicus Arumaeus , German legal scholar († 1637 )
- Johann Avenarius II. , German legal scholar († 1631 )
- Catherine Henriette de Balzac d'Entragues , French noblewoman, mistress of the French King Henry IV († 1633 )
- Wolf Heinrich von Baudissin , Electorate General in the Thirty Years' War († 1646 )
- Marie of Prussia , Margravine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth († 1649 )
- Konstantinas Sirvydas , Lithuanian author and lexicographer († 1631 )
- Hermann Wachmann , councilor and mayor of Bremen († 1658 )
Date of death secured
- February 5 : Helena von Pfalz-Simmern , Countess of Hanau-Münzenberg (* 1532 )
- February 16 : Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada , Spanish conquistador and founder of Bogotá (* 1509 )
- February 20 : Nicholas Bacon , English lawyer, judge and Lord Chancellor (* 1510 )
- March 28 : Juan Fernández de Navarrete , Spanish painter (* 1526 )
- April 24th : Volkwin Weigel , German mathematician (* around 1516 )
- May 6th : François de Montmorency , Governor of Paris and Marshal of France (* 1530 )
- May 24 : Paul Crell , German Lutheran theologian (* 1531 )
- May 24th : Christoph Tode , Mayor of Lübeck (* 1515 )
- June 16 : Johannes Hartung , German Graecist and Hebrew (* 1505 )
- August 2nd : Joseph Nasi , Jewish diplomat and banker, last Duke of the Archipelagos Duchy on Naxos (* 1524 )
- August 5 : Stanislaus Hosius , German-Polish theologian (* 1504 )
- October 12th : Sokollu Mehmed Pasha , Ottoman commander and grand vizier (* around 1505 )
- October 20 : Franziskus Joel , Hungarian pharmacologist and physician (* 1508 )
- October 24th : Albrecht V , Duke of Bavaria (* 1528 )
- October 24 : Andreas I. Imhoff , Nuremberg patrician, merchant, banker and politician (* 1491 )
- November 15 : Franz Davidis , Unitarian theologian (* 1510 )
- November 21 : Thomas Gresham , co-owner of the largest English trading house of his era (* 1519 )
- December 10 : Paulus Hector Mair , council servant in Augsburg (* 1517 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Pedro de Ávila y Zúñiga , Spanish ambassador to England (* 1489 )
- Surkhar Lodrö Gyelpo , Tibetan medic (* 1509 )
- Voravongse I , King of Lan Xang
- He Xinyin , Chinese neo-Confucian philosopher (* 1517 )