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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Johann Fischart
Johann Fischart writes the monkey-worthy Naupengeheurliche historical confusion .
Seal of the University of Leiden
Wilhelm I of Nassau-Orange
founds the University of Leiden .
Battle of Nagashino
The battle of Nagashino , the first 'modern' battle in Japan , is decided by the massive use of firearms.
1575 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1023/24 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1567/68
Buddhist calendar 2118/19 (southern Buddhism); 2117/18 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 71st (72nd) cycle

Year of the wood pig乙亥 ( at the beginning of the year wood dog 甲戌)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 937/938 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3908/09 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 953/954
Islamic calendar 982/983 (turn of the year 11/12 April)
Jewish calendar 5335/36 (September 4/5)
Coptic calendar 1291/92
Malayalam calendar 750/751
Seleucid era Babylon: 1885/86 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1886/87 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1631/32 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Eastern Europe

Stephan Báthory
  • Transylvania has to pay tribute to the Ottoman Empire 15,000 gold guilders annually.

Holy Roman Empire





science and technology

The University of Leiden is founded on February 8th by William I of Nassau-Orange after the Spanish besiegers in the Eighty Years' War had to withdraw without result towards the end of the previous year . It thus becomes the first university in the rebellious Netherlands , from which the Republic of the Seven United Provinces will develop in 1581 .

Southern map of the Grüningen district



Johann Fischart sticks only to a small extent to the French original in the case of his monkey-worthy Naupengeheurliche Geschichtklitterung , a "translation of a novel" from François Rabelais ' Gargantua and Pantagruel into German , but lets his own ideas run wild.

The punching - epic Jerusalem Delivered by Torquato Tasso , appears in the Tasso clashes in the wake of the First Crusade at the siege of Jerusalem describes.

Chess game

First international chess tournament at the court of King Philip II of Spain in 1575, painting by Luigi Mussini (1886)

The Spaniard Ruy López de Segura , who is considered the best chess player in the world, is defeated by the Sicilian Giovanni Leonardo da Cutro at the first international chess tournament in history at the court of the Spanish King Philip II in Madrid . He wins in the playoff against his compatriot Paolo Boi . Da Cutro then travels to Portugal and also defeats the Portuguese chess master El Morro in Lisbon .




  • The plague is raging again in Europe and Germany. In Venice alone, more than 45,000 people, almost a third of the population, died of the disease by 1577.

Historical maps and views

Mainz 1575, Gottfried Mascop
Emden 1575


Date of birth saved

Maria de 'Medici

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1575


First half of the year

Maria von Jever

Second half of the year

  • before December 15: Peter Carew , English adventurer, military man and politician (* around 1510)

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1575  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files