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Heads of State · Nekrolog · Art Year

Sir Francis Walsingham
Sir Francis Walsingham
covers up the Ridolfi conspiracy
to overthrow ...
Elizabeth I of England
... Elizabeth I of England , who was to be replaced by Maria Stuart .
Battle of Lepanto
In the naval battle of Lepanto, the Ottomans suffer
a heavy defeat against the Holy League .
1571 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1019/20 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1563/64
Buddhist calendar 2114/15 (southern Buddhism); 2113/14 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 71st (72nd) cycle

Year of the metal sheep辛未 ( at the beginning of the year metal horse 庚午)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 933/934 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3904/05 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 949/950
Islamic calendar 978/979 (turn of the year 25/26 May)
Jewish calendar 5331/32 (September 19-20)
Coptic Calendar 1287/88
Malayalam calendar 746/747
Seleucid era Babylon: 1881/82 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1882/83 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1627/28 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Holy League / Ottoman Empire

The defenses of Famagusta
  • April to August 1: At the end of the siege of Famagusta by the Ottomans, the city was surrendered by the defenders under Marcantonio Bragadin , after the situation had become hopeless due to a lack of supplies. The Ottoman general Lala Kara Mustafa Pascha assures the Venetians safe conduct. With Famagusta , the Republic of Venice loses all of Cyprus , which it has ruled since 1489, to the Ottoman Empire.
  • August 5: After learning that captured Muslim pilgrims to Mecca have been executed by the Venetians, the Ottomans break their promise and massacre almost all of the city's defenders. Marcantonio Bragadin is skinned alive, his skin is stuffed and taken to Constantinople.
Standard of the Holy League
  • October 7th: In the naval battle of Lepanto , the fleet of the Holy League under Don Juan de Austria decisively defeats the Ottomans. Grand Admiral Ali Pasha is killed in battle. With the victory, the myth of the invincibility of the Ottoman armed forces can be broken psychologically. However, due to the lack of a powerful land army and internal disputes, the league cannot follow up.


In the Ridolfi conspiracy in England , the conspirators around Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk , try to depose the Spanish ambassador Guerau de Spes and Bishop John Leslie , Queen Elizabeth I , and replace her with the Catholic Maria Stuart . The conspiracy is exposed by Sir Francis Walsingham .

Other events in Europe




Fine arts and architecture

Titian: Tarquin and Lucretia
La Rotonda as seen from Viale Riviera Berica


Music and literature


nature and environment


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Posthumous portrait of Caravaggio by Ottavio Leoni
Birthplace of Johannes Kepler in Weil der Stadt
  • December 27: Johannes Kepler , German mathematician, astronomer and optician († 1630)
  • December 31: Go-Yōzei , 107th Emperor of Japan († 1617)

Exact date of birth unknown


First half of the year

Cellini bust on the Ponte Vecchio, Florence
Joachim Moerlin

Second half of the year

Ali Pasha on a leaflet around 1571
The execution of Anneken Hendriks at the stake in Amsterdam in 1571. Depiction from the Martyrs Mirror , etching by Jan Luyken
  • November 10th: Anneken Hendriks , Frisian martyr of the Anabaptist movement (* 1522)
  • November 24th: Jan Blahoslav , Czech humanist, grammarian and composer (* 1523)
  • December 27: Johannes Criginger , German Lutheran theologian, cartographer and writer (* 1521)
  • December: Baldassare Lanci , Italian artist and architect (* 1510)

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

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