Devlet Giray (* 1512 ; † June 29, 1577 in Bakhchysarai ) was Khan of the Crimea from 1551 .
Devlet Giray was born the son of Mübârek Giray in 1512 and was appointed heir to the throne (kalgay) by Saʿādet Giray in 1532 . During the reign of his predecessor, Sahib I. Giray , Devlet lived with Saʿādet Giray in Constantinople , where he learned the Ottoman administrative practice.
Devlet Giray was appointed Khan in 1551 with Ottoman support (the Crimean Khanate was an Ottoman vassal state from 1475 ) and continued the anti-Russian policy of his predecessor. On May 24, 1571, he burned Moscow , the capital of tsarist Russia , which earned him the nickname taht-algan (conqueror of the capital). In the following year 1572 he suffered a devastating defeat against the Russians at Molodi near Moscow on August 2nd .
The Giray's claims to the Tatar khanates Kazan and Astrakhan , which had been conquered by the Russians, could not be enforced militarily.
- Halil İnalcık : Dawlat Giray . In: The Encyclopaedia of Islam. New Edition . tape II . Brill , Leiden 1965, p. 178b f .
- Halil İnalcık : Devlet Giray. (PDF) In: İslâm Ansiklopedisi . Türkiye Diyanet Vakfı İslâm Araştırmaları Merkezi, accessed May 22, 2014 ( Turkish ).
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Khan of the Crimea|
|DATE OF BIRTH||1512|
|DATE OF DEATH||June 29, 1577|
|Place of death||Bakhchysarai|