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◄◄ | | 1573 | 1574 | 1575 | 1576 | 1577 | 1578 | 1579 | 1580 | 1581 | |►►

Heads of State · Nekrolog

Sebastiano Venier (painting by Tintoretto)
Sebastiano Venier becomes
Doge of Venice .
Erik XIV of Sweden
Former Swedish King Erik XIV
dies in captivity.
The Great Comet of 1577 over Prague, (woodcut by Jiri Daschitzsky)
The comet of 1577 is described by numerous scholars.
1577 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1025/26 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1569/70
Buddhist calendar 2120/21 (southern Buddhism); 2119/20 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 71st (72nd) cycle

Year of the Fire Ox丁丑 ( at the beginning of the year Fire Rat 丙子)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 939/940 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3910/11 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 955/956
Islamic calendar 984/985 (turn of the year 20/21 March)
Jewish calendar 5337/38 (September 11-12)
Coptic calendar 1293/94
Malayalam calendar 752/753
Seleucid era Babylon: 1887/88 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1888/89 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1633/34 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Northern and Eastern Europe

The reigning King John III. of Sweden, who kept Erik XIV imprisoned in Örbyhus Castle until his death
  • February 26th : The Swedish King Erik XIV, who was deposed in 1568, dies after more than eight years of imprisonment. The danger of a renewed change of the throne in Sweden is thus averted. It is possible that Erik's death was due to an order of the reigning King John III. attributed to murdering the former king when there were signs of an attempt at liberation.
  • December: The Danzig War ends with a peace treaty mediated by Brandenburg. The city of Danzig , which has successfully withstood a month-long siege, must formally pay homage to the King of Poland , but it retains all its privileges and receives a position on the Baltic Sea comparable to a Hanseatic city . The resistance of the heavily fortified city could not be broken despite the defeat of a Gdansk civil army in the battle of Dirschau in April and a subsequent three-month siege of the city from June to September.

Southern and Western Europe

Holy Roman Empire

Voyages of discovery and colonies

Martin Frobisher
  • The Mexican city of Saltillo is founded.


science and technology

Tycho Brahe
City map of Bingen am Rhein





Historical maps and views

Jan Wierix : Three stranded whales


First half of the year

Peter Paul Rubens

Second half of the year

Exact date of birth unknown


Date of death secured

Alvise Mocenigo's tomb

Exact date of death unknown

Pietro Andrea Mattioli

Web links

Commons : 1577  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files