|Sweden under Gustav II Adolf enters the war .||Denmark gets out with the Lübeck peace .|
Friedrich Heinrich von Oranien conquers the city of 's-Hertogenbosch for the Netherlands in the Eighty Years War .
|1629 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1077/78 (turn of the year July)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1621/22 (September 10-11)|
|Bengali solar calendar||1034/35 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)|
|Buddhist calendar||2172/73 (southern Buddhism); 2171/72 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||72nd (73rd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||991/992 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||3962/63 (October 2/3)|
|Iranian calendar||1007/08 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||1038/39 (August 20/21)|
|Jewish calendar||5389/90 (September 17/18)|
|Coptic calendar||1345/46 (September 10-11)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1939/40 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1940/41 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1685/86 (April)|
Politics and world events
- January 18 : The Swedish Reichstag approves the entry into war of the country ruled by King Gustav II Adolf in the Thirty Years' War against the armies of Emperor Ferdinand II in Germany. The Swedish War begins with the Swedes landing the following year.
- March 6 : Emperor Ferdinand II issues the Edict of Restitution , in which the Protestant estates are obliged to surrender all Catholic areas that have been confiscated since 1552 .
- May 22nd : The Peace of Lübeck causes Denmark to withdraw from the war. The Danish-Lower Saxon War ends.
- June 27th : The Swedes lose to Polish and Imperial troops in the Battle of Stuhm .
- June 28th : The edict of grace of Alès ends the Huguenot Wars in France after the complete military defeat of the Huguenots in the previous year .
- September 25th : The Treaty of Altmark between Poland-Lithuania and Sweden ends the Polish-Swedish wars that have been going on since 1600 . Poland recognizes Sweden owned by Livonia and parts of Prussia.
- Friedrich Heinrich von Oranien conquers the city of 's-Hertogenbosch for the Netherlands in the Eighty Years War .
- Elector Philipp Christoph von Sötern ( Kurtrier ) moves his residence from Trier to the newly built Philippsburg Palace in Ehrenbreitstein near Koblenz .
- March 4th : The Massachusetts Bay Colony is founded by a charter from King Charles I of England . John Winthrop becomes the first governor .
- July 19 : Three months after the signing of a peace treaty between England and France , Englishmen arrived with a fleet of ships under the leadership of the adventurer David Kirke conquer the French- populated town of Québec in New France . With the exception of the family of the first settler Louis Hébert , all French residents leave the settlement.
- January 19 : The Persian ruler Abbas I dies. His grandson I. Safi is successor as Shah of the Safavid in Iran .
- May 8th : A slavery fund is set up in Lübeck to buy sailors from Lübeck from the clutches of North African pirates .
- The Dutch painter Judith Leyster , one of the few painters of the Golden Age , paints her first signed pictures: The funny reveler and serenade .
Music and theater
- The Musikkollegium Winterthur is founded.
- The French actor and theater director Montdory settled with his theater company in Paris and founded the Théâtre du Marais there .
- On behalf of Archduke Leopold, the architect Christoph Gumpp the Younger is converting one of Innsbruck's ballrooms into a comedy house, today's Tyrolean State Theater Innsbruck .
On June 28th, as a result of the conquest of La Rochelle the previous year , Cardinal Richelieu issued the Alès edict of grace directed against the Huguenots . In it, all security places previously granted in the Edict of Nantes are canceled. The Protestant armies are disbanded and their fortifications razed. National church meetings of the Huguenots can only take place with the consent of the king. The political defeat of the Huguenots is not used for forced conversions, however, the existence of Protestants on French soil is temporarily tolerated.
In Japan, fummies ( step pictures ) are used for the first time to expose supporters of the forbidden religion of Christianity . Anyone who is suspected of belonging to the Christian religion must publicly trample these images.
- June 4 : The sailing ship Batavia of the Dutch East India Company runs onto a reef in the Houtman-Abrolhos archipelago off the west coast of Australia . About twenty people die, most of the crew and passengers can save themselves on small islands. As a result, 125 people are killed under the reign of terror of Jeronimus Cornelisz and his cronies .
- A plague epidemic begins in the Republic of Venice . Around a third of the population fell victim to the disease by the end of 1630 .
First half of the year
- January 2nd : Christian Scriver , 17th century German theologian and hymn poet († 1693 )
- January 6 : Vincenzo Amato , Italian composer († 1670 )
- January 23 : Adolf von Nassau-Schaumburg , founder of the short-lived Nassau-Schaumburg line († 1676 )
- February 1 : Thomas Bromley , English mystic († 1691 )
- February 4th : Sibylla Ursula von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel , Duchess of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg († 1671 )
- April 1 : Jean-Henri d'Anglebert , French composer, harpsichordist and organist († 1691 )
- April 7 : Juan José de Austria , Spanish military leader and statesman († 1679 )
Second half of the year
- July 27 : Ludovica Cristina of Savoy , Princess of the House of Savoy († 1692 )
- July 27 : Johannes Spengler , Mayor of St. Gallen († 1700 )
- August 5 : Charles Colbert , French diplomat and foreign minister († 1696 )
- August 12 : Isabella Clara of Austria , Duchess of Mantua († 1685 )
- August 17th : Jan III. Sobieski , Polish King († 1696 )
- August 26 : Johann Christoph Falckner , German legal scholar († 1681 )
- August 31 : Anna Margarete , Princess of Hesse-Homburg and Duchess of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Wiesenburg († 1686 )
- September 4 : Lorenzo Pasinelli , Italian painter († 1700 )
- September 23 : David Klöcker Ehrenstrahl , Swedish painter († 1698 )
- October 2 : François de Créquy , Marquis de Marines, Marshal of France († 1687 )
- October 11 : Adolf Johann I , Swedish Imperial Marshal, Duke of Stegeborg and Pfalz-Kleeburg († 1689 )
- October 11 : Armand de Bourbon , Prince of Conti († 1666 )
- October 31 : Carlo III. Gonzaga , Duke of Mantua, Nevers and Rethel († 1665 )
- December 16 : Melchor Liñán y Cisneros , Spanish bishop and colonial administrator, Viceroy of Peru († 1708 )
- December 19 : Tomáš Pešina z Čechorodu , Czech historian and writer († 1680 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Johann Michael Nicolai , German violinist and composer († 1685 )
- Toda Mosui , Japanese poet († 1706 )
- Henry Somerset, 1st Duke of Beaufort , English peer († 1700 )
- Cornelis Visscher , Dutch engraver († 1662 )
First half of the year
- January 19 : Abbas I , Persian ruler from the Safavid dynasty (* 1571 )
- January 27 : Hieronymus Praetorius , German organist and composer (* 1560 )
- January 30th : Carlo Maderno , Italian builder and brother of Stefano Maderna (* 1556 )
- March 13 : Basilius Besler , German physician, botanist and publisher (* 1561 )
- March 26th : Agnes , Princess of Brandenburg, Duchess of Pomerania and Duchess of Saxony-Lauenburg (* 1584 )
- May 4th : Thomas Weinrich , German Lutheran theologian (* 1588 )
- May 5 : Szymon Szymonowic , Polish poet and playwright (* 1558 )
- June 18 : Piet Pieterszoon Heyn , Dutch privateer (* 1577 )
- June 21 : Szymon Zimorowic , Polish poet (* around 1609)
Second half of the year
- August 6th : Margarete Diepolt , victim of the witch hunt in the Electorate of Mainz
- August 14 : Georg Balthasar , Bohemian martyr (year of birth unknown)
- August 28 : Christoph Crinesius , German orientalist, linguist and philologist (* 1584 )
- September 11th : Adam Graf von Herberstorff , Bavarian governor of Upper Austria (* 1585 )
- September 21 : Jan Pieterszoon Coen , Governor General of the Dutch East India Company (VOC) in Southeast Asia (* 1587 )
- October 2 : Antonio Cifra , Italian composer (* 1584 )
- October 2 : Pierre de Bérulle , French theologian and cardinal (* 1575 )
- October 3 : Paolo Agostini , Italian organist, conductor and composer (* 1583 )
- November 1 : Hendrick ter Brugghen , Dutch painter (* 1588 )
- November 9th : Kaspar Kellermann , victim of the witch persecution in Sundern (* around 1600 )
- November 15 : Gábor Bethlen , Prince of Transylvania (* 1580 )
- November 16 : Bartholomäus Reusner , German legal scholar (* 1565 )
- November 25 : Hieronymus Praetorius , German composer and organist (* 1614 )
Exact date of death unknown
- October: Edwin Sandys , English politician (* 1561 )
- Antonio Maria Viani , Italian painter (* 1555 - 1560 )