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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Print Augsburg Religious Peace
The Augsburg Imperial and Religious Peace brings the end of the religious wars of the Reformation period.
Marcellus II.
Marcellus II. Is after the death of Julius III. elected Pope by the first conclave in 1555 . However, he dies after a few days.
Foxe's Book of Martyrs - John Rogers
John Rogers becomes the first victim
of Protestant persecution under Mary of England .
1555 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1003/04 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1547/48
Buddhist calendar 2098/99 (southern Buddhism); 2097/98 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 70th (71st) cycle

Year of the wooden hare乙卯 ( at the beginning of the year wooden tiger 甲寅)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 917/918 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3888/89 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 933/934
Islamic calendar 962/963 (turn of the year 15th / 16th November)
Jewish calendar 5315/16 (September 15/16)
Coptic calendar 1271/72
Malayalam calendar 730/731
Seleucid era Babylon: 1865/66 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1866/67 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1611/12 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Reichstag in Augsburg

Further events in the empire

Other events in Europe

Pressure the bull


South America

France Antarctique



Three Popes Year

Heretic burnings in England

Execution of Latimer and Ridley; Foxe's Book of Martyrs



Michel Nostradamus
The Rollwagenbüchlin, title page


  • In his work Trattato del glace della palla, Antonio Scaino describes for the first time rules for the balloon game , a forerunner of the fistball game .

Historical maps and views

Rome 1555
Global territorial situation in 1555/1556


Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown


Date of death secured

Pope Julius III

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1555  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files