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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Ambroise Paré
Ambroise Paré
introduces arterial ligation
in amputations.
Edward Seymour Duke of Somerset
Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset , is beheaded for
Felonia .
Siege plan of Frankfurt am Main
Protestant imperial princes around
Elector Moritz von Sachsen besiege Frankfurt am Main .
1552 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1000/01 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1544/45
Buddhist calendar 2095/96 (southern Buddhism); 2094/95 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 70th (71st) cycle

Year of the Water Rat壬子 ( at the beginning of the year Metal Pig 辛亥)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 914/915 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3885/86 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 930/931
Islamic calendar 959/960 (turn of the year 17th / 18th December)
Jewish calendar 5312/13 (September 18-19)
Coptic calendar 1268/69
Malayalam calendar 727/728
Seleucid era Babylon: 1862/63 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1863/64 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1608/09 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Holy Roman Empire

Ehrenberg Castle in Tyrol, one of the few fortresses that successfully opposed the prince uprising
  • March: The prince uprising begins. The rebellious princes around Moritz of Saxony conquered numerous cities loyal to the emperor and quickly penetrated south to Tyrol , while Henry II of France occupied the cities on the Rhine, Metz, Toul and Verdun, which had been promised to him. Emperor Karl V fled from Innsbruck, where he barely escaped capture, to Villach .
Albrecht II Alcibiades


Execution of Edward Seymours

Ottoman Empire

The Piri Reis expedition


European colonies overseas

First documentary mentions


science and technology


Detailed view of Lübeck 1552





on the right the large lye, on the left the small lye
  • August 24th : The Laugenspitze is climbed for the first time.
  • The Old Course in St Andrews , Scotland , probably the oldest golf course in the world that still exists , is first mentioned in a document. The community receives a license that allows "raising rabbits, playing golf and soccer, shooting and other types of leisure activities in the dunes ."


Date of birth saved

Archduke Rudolf at the age of 15

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1552


Date of death secured

Plaque on Katharina Luther's death house in Torgau

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1552  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files