Calendar overview 1549
|Thomas Cranmer publishes the Book of Common Prayer .||Francisco de Xavier begins Christian proselytizing in Japan .|
|Paul III dies during the Council of Trent .|
|1549 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||997/998 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||2092/93 (southern Buddhism); 2091/92 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||70th (71st) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||911/912 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||3882/83 (October 2/3)|
|Islamic calendar||955/956 (turn of the year January 30/31)|
|Jewish calendar||5309/10 (September 22/23)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1859/60 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1860/61 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1605/06 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- March 20 : Thomas Seymour, 1st Baron Seymour of Sudeley , the uncle of King Edward VI. , is executed for high treason after a failed plot against his brother Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset .
- Kett's Rebellion leads in Norfolk a peasant uprising on where on August 1 and Norwich is occupied. The uprising is bloodily suppressed by John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland , Robert Ket is executed on December 7th together with his brother.
- England stops persecuting people of different faiths.
Holy Roman Empire
- November 4 : Emperor Charles V issues a pragmatic sanction as a result of the Burgundian Treaty on the Habsburg Netherlands , in which he merges the individual territories of the so-called seventeen provinces into an indivisible rule and thus regulates the succession for his Burgundian inheritance.
- 23 November : With the death of Duke Franz , the Duchy of Gifhorn , which was created especially for him in 1539, expires and reverts to the Principality of Lüneburg . Franz's widow Klara von Sachsen-Lauenburg receives Fallersleben Castle as a widow's seat.
- The Saadians under Muhammad el-Sheikh conquer Fez and smash the Wattasid empire in Morocco . Their Sultan Abu l-Abbas Ahmad is killed in action. The Saadians found a new dynasty.
- The Jolof empire in what is now Senegal begins to disintegrate. The Cayor Province will split off first .
- March 29th : Salvador da Bahia is founded by the Portuguese as the first capital of their Brazilian possession in South America .
- November 1st : Pedro de Ursúa founds the city of Pamplona in what is now Colombia.
- The Spaniards begin subjugating the Aguaruna .
- In South America the mission crusade of the Jesuits begins , who will protect the Indians and approve imported African negro slaves as labor .
- Although the Burmese King Tabinshwehti of Taungu, supported by Portuguese mercenaries, succeeds in capturing the Siamese prince Ramesuan during the siege of Ayutthaya , the Burmese have to break off the attack on the kingdom of Ayutthaya, which was defended by King Maha Chakkraphat , in the Siamese-Burmese War and because of lack of supplies release the hostages.
- Yi Gi is Prime Minister of the Joseon Dynasty in Korea .
- March 27 : Elector Moritz von Sachsen issues his own Saxon coinage system . The separation of coins between the Albertine and Ernestine Saxony is thus finally complete.
science and technology
- August 15 : The Jesuit Francisco de Xavier y Jassu arrives on the island of Kyushu and begins Christian proselytizing in Japan.
- August 21 : Portalegre becomes a bishopric.
- November 10th : Pope Paul III dies in Rome . The conclave convened on November 29th cannot agree on a successor by the end of the year.
- Thomas Cranmer , Archbishop of Canterbury , publishes the Book of Common Prayer . The Agende of the Church of England is in the same year by King Edward VI. introduced across England .
- Heinrich Bullinger and Johannes Calvin conclude the Tigurinus Consensus on the Last Supper, which brings the Zwinglian and Calvinist Reformations closer together in Switzerland and thus leads to a unified Swiss Reformed Church.
- Sternberger Landtag: Mecklenburg is committed to Lutheran teaching.
- In the city of La Paz , founded last year, the construction of the Iglesia de San Francisco begins. It will take around 200 years to complete.
nature and environment
- February 23 : A water miracle on the Seerhein is observed near Constance . The event has now been scientifically identified as a seiche , a standing wave.
Historical maps and views
Date of birth saved
- January 7th : Francesco Bassano the Younger , Italian painter († 1592 )
- February 15 : Barnim X. , Duke of Pomerania-Stettin († 1603 )
- March 8 : Anton , Count of Holstein-Schaumburg and Bishop of Minden († 1599 )
- July 5 : Francesco Maria Bourbon Del Monte , Italian Cardinal († 1627 )
- July 23 : Anna Elisabeth of the Palatinate , Countess Palatinate of Simmern and Princess of the Palatinate as well as by marriage successively Landgravine of Hesse-Rheinfels and Countess Palatinate of Veldenz († 1609 )
- July 30th : Ferdinando I de 'Medici , Florentine nobleman, cardinal of the Catholic Church and Grand Duke of Tuscany († 1609 )
- August 10 : Katharina von Brandenburg-Küstrin , Electress of Brandenburg († 1602 )
- November 2 : Anna of Austria , Archduchess of Austria, Queen of Spain and Portugal († 1580 )
- November 5 : Philippe Duplessis-Mornay , French Reformed theologian and statesman († 1623 )
- November 30th : Henry Savile , English scholar († 1622 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Malik Ambar , Peshwa of Ahmadnagar († 1626 )
- Cesare Aretusi , Italian painter († 1612 )
- Maria Holl , German innkeeper and survivor of the witch hunt in Nördlingen († 1634 )
- Marie Touchet , French nobleman and mistress of the French King Charles IX. († 1638 )
Date of death secured
- January 1 : Catherine d'Amboise , French poet and patroness (* 1482 )
- January 23 : Johannes Honterus , Transylvanian reformer (* probably 1498 )
- February 1 : Melchior Lotter the Elder , German printer and publisher (* around 1470 )
- February 15 : Giovanni Antonio Bazzi, called Sodoma , Italian painter (* 1477 )
- February 17th : Laurentius Autenrieth , Catholic abbot (* 1483 )
- March 20 : Thomas Seymour, 1st Baron Seymour of Sudeley , English nobleman, military leader, diplomat and politician, executed for high treason (* 1508 )
- April 15 : Christina von Sachsen , Countess of Hesse (* 1505 )
- August 7 : Hartmut XII. von Kronberg , German knight, follower of Luther (* 1488 )
- August 30 : Arakida Moritake , Japanese Shinto priest and poet (* 1473 )
- September 21 : Benedetto Accolti , Italian cardinal of the Catholic Church (* 1497 )
- October 1 : Johann Briesmann , German theologian and reformer (* 1488 )
- October 27 : Marie d'Albret , Countess von Rethel and Countess von Nevers (* 1491 )
- November 10th : Alessandro Farnese, under the name Paul III. Pope (* 1468 )
- November 13th : Sebastian von Weitmühl , nobleman and warlord in northern Bohemia
- November 21 : Ebba Eriksdotter Wasa , Swedish noblewoman, mother-in-law of the Swedish King Gustav I. Wasa (* around 1491 )
- November 23 : Franz , Duke of Braunschweig-Lüneburg and Duke of Gifhorn (* 1508 )
- November 26th : Antonio Abbondi , Venetian sculptor and architect
- December 21 : Margaret of Navarre , Duchess of Alençon and Queen of Navarre, poet and diplomat (* 1492 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Abu l-Abbas Ahmad , Sultan of the Wattasids
- Veronika von Dölau , penultimate abbess of the Hof monastery
- María de Toledo , Spanish noblewoman, wife of Diego Columbus and daughter-in-law of Christopher Columbus (* around 1490 )