|Tízoc becomes ruler of the Aztec city Tenochtitlán .||
Peace of Arras
, Burgundy was divided.
Shogun Ashikaga Yoshimasa built
Ginkaku-ji as his retirement home.
|1482 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||930/931 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||2nd house - Ome Calli (until the end of January / beginning of February: 1st Feuerstein - Ce Tecpatl )|
|Buddhist calendar||2025/26 (southern Buddhism); 2024/25 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||69th (70th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||844/845 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||886/887 (turn of the year 19/20 February)|
|Jewish calendar||5242/43 (September 13-14)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1792/93 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1793/94 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1538/39 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Portuguese voyages of discovery
- January 21 : Under Diogo de Azambuja , the Portuguese lay the foundation stone for the later Fort São Jorge da Mina or Elmina on the Gold Coast in what is now Ghana .
- The Portuguese navigator Diogo Cão is the first European navigator to reach the area of the Congo estuary and what is now Angola . As a result, commercial branches are established. The discoveries of Cao are the prerequisite for Bartolomeo Diaz's voyage of discovery in 1488 , on which he reached the Cape of Good Hope .
- February 28 : Spanish troops under the command of Rodrigo Ponce de León capture the Moorish fortress of Alhama de Granada in the emirate of Granada during the Reconquista . A few days later, the Emir of Granada Abu l-Hasan Ali attempts to recapture it. An army of the Duke of Medina-Sidonia comes to the aid of the Marquis of Cádiz's troops, so that Abu l-Hasan Ali is forced to give up the reconquest. When King Ferdinand V intervened in the conflict at the head of an army, the dispute lost the characteristics of the raids that had been common up to now and turned into a war between Castile and the emirate of Granada .
- The first major clash of the opponents took place in June outside Loja , when the Spanish army, which had not yet completed the preparations for the siege of the city, was attacked by the Moorish light cavalry and wiped out by other Moorish troops as they retreated. King Ferdinand withdraws to Córdoba with the remains of his army .
- While Abu l-Hasan Ali is still fighting the Christian attackers, his son can be seen as Muhammad XII. proclaim ruler of the emirate. While Muhammad XII. ruled in Granada , his father ruled Ronda and the western part of the emirate.
Duchy of Burgundy
- March 6th : Duchess Maria of Burgundy suffers a riding accident, of which she dies on March 27th . After her death, the city of Ghent rose against her husband Archduke Maximilian von Habsburg as guardian of their children, Philip and Margaret . At the same time he has to fight back new claims by France to the Duchy of Burgundy .
- December 23 : In the Peace of Arras, France's King Louis XI. and Archduke Maximilian raised their claims regarding Burgundy . The formerly great duchy is divided . The Duchy of Burgundy, the Free County , the Artois and some smaller dominions fall to France, the city of Arras and Picardy , which has been occupied since 1477 , also remain in French possession. Maximilian gets Flanders back. In addition, both sides agree that the two-year-old daughter of Maximilian, Margarethe, and the 13-year-old French Dauphin Karl will later enter into marriage . However, this plan is not being implemented.
Further events in the empire
Diether von Isenburg , Archbishop and Elector of Mainz and thus also Arch Chancellor of the Holy Roman Empire , dies on May 7th . The very next day, Adalbert von Sachsen became his successor. However, since at the age of 15 he is not yet of the formal age for episcopal ordination, he is only used as an administrator for the time being.
The Münsinger Treaty of December 14th reunites the two parts into which the County of Württemberg has split since the Nürtingen Treaty of 1442 . The inheritance disputes between the Urach and Stuttgart parts are thus settled after 40 years. Count Eberhard V. im Bart , who resided in Urach , took over the government of the state and moved the residence to Stuttgart , the capital of the other part of the country. The succession is to the incumbent count in the Stuttgart region Eberhard VI. set. With the contract, which is negotiated with the participation of representatives of the Württemberg state estates , the indivisibility of the state and the primogeneity in Württemberg are legally binding. The Münsingen Treaty prevents the fragmentation of Württemberg and thus creates an important prerequisite for the elevation of Württemberg to a duchy in 1495 .
- August 21 : Papal troops under the command of Roberto Malatesta win the Battle of Campomorto against the army of Naples under Duke Alfonso of Calabria .
- After the death of Yakshya Malla , his son Raya Malla becomes ruler of the Malla empire with the capital Bhaktapur .
- Axayacatl , ruler of the Aztec city Tenochtitlán , dies at the age of 30. He is succeeded by his older brother Tízoc . The military campaign traditionally carried out to ascend the throne for the purpose of capturing warriors, an attack on the northeastern small state of Mextitlán fails, which permanently damages Tízoc's reputation.
Science and culture
- June 28 : In Munich the first printed there appears book , of Guides Indulgentiae ecclesiarum principalium Urbis Romae from the Offizin of Johann Schaur .
- July 16 : In Ulm Lienhart Holl prints the first German world atlas , the Cosmographia of Claudius Ptolemy in the edition of Nicolaus Germanus . (Four years later, this work by Johann Reger, which was extremely important for the development of German cartography, was printed for the second time in Ulm.)
- 1482/ 1487 : Sandro Botticelli made the painting Primavera . The picture is one of the most famous and most frequently reproduced works of Western art.
- August 2nd : Johann XX. von Dalberg is elected Bishop of Worms to succeed Reinhard I. von Sickingen , who died on July 21st . At the time of his election, he is only just under 27 years old and has not yet reached the age of 30 years required by church law. But he receives a papal dispensation.
Date of birth saved
- April: Georg Tannstetter , German humanist, astronomer, astrologer and physician († 1535 )
- June 29th : Maria , Princess of Spain and Queen of Portugal († 1517 )
- October 7 : Ernst , Margrave of Baden († 1553 )
- October 18 : Philip III. von Hanau-Lichtenberg , Count of Hanau-Lichtenberg († 1538 )
- December 9 : Friedrich II , Elector Palatinate († 1556 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Catherine d'Amboise , French poet and patron († 1549 )
- Augustin , Bishop of Grasse († 1532 )
- Abraham ben Solomon of Torrutiel , Spanish historian († unknown)
- Christian Beyer , German legal scholar († 1535 )
- Jo Gwang-jo , Korean politician and neo-Confucian philosopher († 1519 )
- Agostino Mainardi , Italian reformer from Chiavenna († 1563 )
- Johannes Oekolampad , Basel reformer († 1531 )
Date of death secured
- January 22nd : Arnold von Unkel , auxiliary bishop in Cologne
- March 25 : Lucrezia Tornabuoni , Florentine poet, wife of the banker and politician Piero di Cosimo de 'Medici (* 1425 )
- March 27 : Maria , Duchess of Burgundy (* 1457 )
- April 14th : Conrad III. von Pappenheim , Saxon nobleman, hunter master under Duke Wilhelm III, ducal councilor and Saxon court master
- May 7th : Diether von Isenburg , Archbishop of Mainz (* 1412 )
- May 8th : Ludwig von Rothenstein , Swabian nobleman
- May 23 : Mary of York , English princess (* 1467 )
- July 7th : Johann Ludwig von Savoyen , administrator of the Archdiocese of Tarentaise and the Diocese of Geneva (* 1447 )
- July 16 : Jan van Schaffelaar , Dutch folk hero (* around 1445 )
- July 21 : Reinhard I. von Sickingen , Bishop of Worms (* around 1417 )
- 22nd August : Mechthild von der Pfalz , Countess of Württemberg and Archduchess of Austria (* 1419 )
- August 25th : Margarete von Anjou , wife of Henry VI. of England and regent (* 1429 )
- September 10 : Federico da Montefeltro , Italian condottiere (* 1422 )
- September 22nd : Philibert I , Duke of Savoy (* 1465 )
- October 25 : Peter II of Luxembourg , Count of Saint-Pol, Brienne, Marle and Soissons (* around 1440 )
- November 18 : Gedik Ahmed Pascha , Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
- December 31 : Johannes Lecküchner , German clergyman and fencing teacher
Exact date of death unknown
- Axayacatl , ruler of the Aztec city of Tenochtitlán
- Hugo van der Goes , Dutch painter (* around 1440 )