Former French Region (until 2015)
|Today part of||Hauts-de-France|
- total January 1, 2017
|Formerly ISO 3166-2 code||FR-S|
The Picardie [ pikaʀdi ] is a former region and province in the north of France . It used to consist of the Aisne , Oise and Somme departments , had an area of 19,399 km² and 1,931,436 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2017). The capital of the region was Amiens . With the establishment of the regions in France in 1960, the Picardy region was rebuilt in what was later to be the borders. In 1972 the region received the status of an établissement public under the direction of a regional prefect.
Picardy is located in northern France, the south of the region can be reached from Paris in about an hour by car or train. There are convenient transport connections (road, rail, air, canal tunnels or ferry) to major European cities (e.g. London 2.30 am, Brussels 1.30 am).
coat of arms
Picardy, which had belonged to western France and then to France since the division of the Franconian Empire , was the center of the peasant uprising, the "(Grande) Jacquerie ", in the middle of the 14th century and fell away during the Hundred Years War of France against England and the House of Burgundy 1419 and 1435 to Burgundy. Only with the division of Burgundy did it fall to France in 1477 or finally in 1493 together with Burgundy. Picardy was one of the main theaters of the First World War.
The decentralization laws of 1982 gave the regions the status of collectivités territoriales ( territorial authorities ), which until then had only been enjoyed by the municipalities and the départements . In 1986 the regional councils were directly elected for the first time. Since then, the region's powers vis-à-vis the central government in Paris have been gradually expanded.
On January 1, 2016, the Picardie region merged with the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region to form a new region called Hauts-de-France (provisionally called Nord-Pas-de-Calais-Picardie from January to September 2016 ).
The most populous cities in Picardy are:
The Picardy region is divided into three departments :
|Department||prefecture||ISO 3166-2||Arrondissements||Cantons||Communities||Inhabitants (year)||Area
(inh / km²)
The working age population is 744,000. The unemployment rate of 11.5% is slightly above the French average of 10.6%. In Picardy, 9.2% of employees work in agriculture, 40.7% in industry and 50.1% in the service sector. The average income in Picardy is 89% of the national average, making it one of the four lowest-income regions in France. The proportion of employees with a diploma in the Picardy population is 10.6%, below the French average of 14.2%.
- Horst Heynemann: Picardy travel book: from the Aisne to the Oise - from the Somme to the English Channel. Meyer & Meyer, Aachen 1999, ISBN 3-89124-558-0 .
- Edouard Louis: The End of Eddy. Autobiographical novel. From the French by Hinrich Schmidt-Henkel; Frankfurt a. M., 2016
- Picardy region (French)
- Picardy: The other north of France - Official website of France
- Literature on Picardy in the catalog of the German National Library
- Information about Picardy on thueringen.de
- Nord-Pas-de-Calais - Picardy: bâtissons la grande région
- Eurostat press release 23/2009: Regional GDP per inhabitant in the EU27 (PDF file; 360 kB)