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Former French Region (until 2015)
Flag of the former Midi-Pyrénées region Coat of arms of the former Midi-Pyrénées region
Nord-Pas-de-Calais Picardie Champagne-Ardenne Lothringen Elsass Haute-Normandie Basse-Normandie Bretagne Centre-Val de Loire Ile-de-France Burgund Franche-Comté Pays de la Loire Poitou-Charentes Limousin Aquitanien Midi-Pyrénées Languedoc-Roussillon Auvergne Rhône-Alpes Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur Korsika Andorra Monaco Liechtenstein Österreich Luxemburg Belgien Niederlande Vereinigtes Königreich Deutschland Schweiz Italien Guernsey Jersey SpanienLocation of the former Midi-Pyrenees region in France
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Basic data
Today part of Occitania
Administrative headquarters Toulouse

 - total January 1, 2017
 - density

3,034,719 inhabitants
66.9 inhabitants per km²


 - total
 - share in France :

45,348 km²

Departments 8th
Arrondissements 22nd
Cantons 293
Communities 3,020
Formerly ISO 3166-2 code FR-N

Midi-Pyrénées [ midipireˈne ] was a region in southwest France , which consisted of the departments of Ariège , Aveyron , Haute-Garonne , Gers , Lot , Hautes-Pyrénées , Tarn and Tarn-et-Garonne . It had an area of ​​45,348 km² and 3,034,719 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2017). The capital of the region was Toulouse .

The name of the region is a new creation made up of Midi ( French for midday , south , also used as a general name for southern France ) and the French name of the Pyrenees (Pyrénées) .


The Midi-Pyrénées region bordered Spain and Andorra to the south, the Aquitaine region to the west, Languedoc-Roussillon to the east, and Auvergne and Limousin to the north .

The region could be divided into three landscape zones: The south was shaped by the high mountain range of the Pyrenees . The northeast and the extreme north belonged to the low mountain range of the Massif Central . The central and northwestern part of the region, however, was flat. It was shaped by the course of the Garonne and its tributaries, which drained most of the region to the Atlantic .

coat of arms

Description: A gold Tolosan cross in red .


Today's region is a new creation made up of parts of different historical territories. It was created in 1960 with the establishment of the regions in France. In 1972 the region received the status of an établissement public under the direction of a regional prefect. The decentralization laws of 1982 gave the regions the status of collectivités territoriales ( territorial authorities ), which until then had only been enjoyed by the municipalities and the départements . In 1986 the regional councils were directly elected for the first time. Since then, the region's powers vis-à-vis the central government in Paris have been gradually expanded.

Until 1789 the northern part of the region belonged to the historical province of Guyenne ( Aquitaine ), the southwest to Gascony , the southeast (including the city of Toulouse ) largely to Languedoc , the extreme southeast formed the county of Foix (Comté de Foix) .

The Counts of Toulouse were the most powerful rulers of southern France in the 12th century until they were defeated in the Albigensian Wars. The Cathars or Albigensians had their headquarters in this area.

On January 1, 2016, the Midi-Pyrénées region merged with the neighboring Languedoc-Roussillon region to form the Occitania region .


The population distribution of the region is strongly oriented towards the capital Toulouse , in whose agglomeration a third of the population lives. The rest of the region is predominantly small-town and rural.


The most populous cities in the Midi-Pyrénées region are:

city Inhabitants (year) Department
Toulouse 479,553 (2017) Haute-Garonne
Montauban 60,810 (2017) Tarn-et-Garonne
Albi 48,970 (2017) Camouflage
Tarbes 41,518 (2017) Hautes-Pyrénées
Castres 41,636 (2017) Camouflage
Colomiers 38,951 (2017) Haute-Garonne
Tournefeuille 26,962 (2017) Haute-Garonne
Muret 24,945 (2017) Haute-Garonne
Rodez 24,057 (2017) Aveyron
Blagnac 24,517 (2017) Haute-Garonne

Political structure

The Midi-Pyrénées region is divided into eight departments :

Department prefecture ISO 3166-2 Arrondissements Cantons Communities Inhabitants (year) Area
(inh / km²)
Ariège Foix FR-09 3 22nd 332
000000000153153.0000000000153.153 (2017)
000000000004890.00000000004,890 000000000000031.300000000031.3
Aveyron Rodez FR-12 3 46 304
000000000279206.0000000000279.206 (2017)
000000000008735.00000000008,735 000000000000032.000000000032
Haute-Garonne Toulouse FR-31 3 53 589
000000001362672.00000000001,362,672 (2017)
000000000006309.00000000006,309 000000000000216.0000000000216
Gers Also FR-32 3 31 463
000000000191091.0000000000191.091 (2017)
000000000006257.00000000006,257 000000000000030.500000000030.5
Lot Cahors FR-46 3 31 340
000000000173828.0000000000173,828 (2017)
000000000005217.00000000005,217 000000000000033.300000000033.3
Hautes-Pyrénées Tarbes FR-65 3 34 474
000000000228530.0000000000228,530 (2017)
000000000004464.00000000004,464 000000000000051.200000000051.2
Camouflage Albi FR-81 2 46 323
000000000387890.0000000000387,890 (2017)
000000000005758.00000000005,758 000000000000067.400000000067.4
Tarn-et-Garonne Montauban FR-82 2 30th 195
000000000258349.0000000000258,349 (2017)
000000000003718.00000000003,718 000000000000069.500000000069.5


In comparison with the GDP of the EU expressed in purchasing power standards, the region achieved an index of 100.2 (EU-27: 100) ( 2004 ). It ranks 11th out of the 26 French regions.


See also

Web links

Commons : Midi-Pyrénées  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Regional GDP per inhabitant in the EU25 . Eurostat News Release, 63/2006

Coordinates: 43 ° 47 '  N , 1 ° 41'  E