Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur

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Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur
Flag of the Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur region Coat of arms of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region
Nouvelle-Aquitaine Nouvelle-Aquitaine Nouvelle-Aquitaine Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes Bretagne Bretagne Bourgogne-Franche-Comté Centre-Val de Loire Grand Est Île-de-France Korsika Okzitanien Hauts-de-France Normandie Pays de la Loire Pays de la Loire Provence-Alpes-Côte d’AzurLocation of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in France
About this picture
Basic data
Country FranceFrance France
prefecture Marseille
President of the Regional Council Christian Estrosi ( LR )
population 5,030,890 (January 1, 2017)
Population density 160.3 inhabitants per km²
surface 31,384 km²
Departments 6th
Arrondissements 18th
Community associations 52
Cantons 126
Communities 947
ISO-3166-2 code FR-PAC

Relief map of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region

Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur [ pʀɔˌvɑ̃sˌalpkotdaˈzyːʀ ] (abbreviated PACA ) is a region on the Mediterranean coast in southeast France . It consists of the departments Alpes-de-Haute-Provence , Alpes-Maritimes , Bouches-du-Rhône , Hautes-Alpes , Var and Vaucluse . The region has an area of ​​31,400 km² and a population of 5,030,890 (as of January 1, 2017). The capital of the region is Marseille .


The region is bordered by the Mediterranean in the south, Italy in the east and the valley or the delta of the Rhone river in the west. In the north it borders on the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region ; these two regions divide the French Alps equally between themselves.

Apart from the Alps, the landscape of the region is divided into Provence and the coast known as the Côte d'Azur and the French Riviera.

coat of arms

The coat of arms is divided and front red gold four piles , behind it is divided and the top of a red gold beflosster blue dolphin and down on black Three mountain with blue wave a red eagle with like-colored crown . The three symbols of the PACA region shown here find their respective historical origins in the rule of the Counts of Barcelona (12th and 13th centuries), in the incorporation of the southeastern Dauphiné (Hautes-Alpes department) and the later reintegration of the Nice county (Département Alpes-Maritimes).


With the establishment of the regions in France in 1960, the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur-Corse region was created, which was renamed Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur in 1970 after the separation of Corsica . In 1972 the region received the status of an établissement public under the direction of a regional prefect. The decentralization laws of 1982 gave the regions the status of collectivités territoriales ( territorial authorities ), which until then had only been enjoyed by the municipalities and the départements . In 1986 the regional councils were directly elected for the first time. Since then, the region's powers vis-à-vis the central government in Paris have been gradually expanded.

Population development

year 1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2016
Residents 2,818,992 3,298,836 3,675,730 3,965,209 4,257,907 4,506,151 4,864,005 5,021,928
Source: INSEE


The most populous cities in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region are:

city Inhabitants (year) Department
Marseille 863,310 (2017) Bouches-du-Rhône
Nice 340,017 (2017) Alpes-Maritimes
Toulon 171,953 (2017) Var
Aix-en-Provence 142,482 (2017) Bouches-du-Rhône
Avignon 91,921 (2017) Vaucluse
Antibes 72,999 (2017) Alpes-Maritimes
Cannes 73,868 (2017) Alpes-Maritimes
La Seyne-sur-Mer 63,936 (2017) Var
Hyeres 55,588 (2017) Var
Arles 52,548 (2017) Bouches-du-Rhône
Fréjus 52,672 (2017) Var
Grasse 50,396 (2017) Alpes-Maritimes


Political structure

The Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region is divided into six departments :

OZ = Ordinal number of the department         Arr. = Number of arrondissements        According to = Number of municipalities
W. = Coat of arms of the department Kant. = Number of cantons
ISO = ISO-3166-2 code GV = Number of municipal associations
OZ W. Department prefecture ISO Arr. GV Kant. According to Residents
January 1, 2017
(inh / km²)
04 Coat of arms of the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence department Alpes-de-Haute-Provence Digne-les-Bains FR-04 000000000000004.00000000004th 000000000000012.000000000012 000000000000015.000000000015th 000000000000198.0000000000198 000000000163915.0000000000163.915 000000000006925.00000000006,925 24
05 Coat of arms of the Hautes-Alpes department Hautes-Alpes Gap FR-05 000000000000002.00000000002 000000000000009.00000000009 000000000000015.000000000015th 000000000000162.0000000000162 000000000141284.0000000000141.284 000000000005528.00000000005,528 26th
06 Coat of arms of the Alpes-Maritimes department Alpes-Maritimes Nice FR-06 000000000000002.00000000002 000000000000007.00000000007th 000000000000027.000000000027 000000000000163.0000000000163 000000001083310.00000000001,083,310 000000000004302.00000000004,302 252
13 Coat of arms of the Bouches-du-Rhône department Bouches-du-Rhône Marseille FR-13 000000000000004.00000000004th 000000000000004.00000000004th 000000000000029.000000000029 000000000000119.0000000000119 000000002024162.00000000002,024,162 000000000005090.00000000005,090 398
83 Coat of arms of the Var department Var Toulon FR-83 000000000000003.00000000003 000000000000014.000000000014th 000000000000023.000000000023 000000000000153.0000000000153 000000001058740.00000000001,058,740 000000000005972.00000000005,972 177
84 Coat of arms of the Vaucluse department Vaucluse Avignon FR-84 000000000000003.00000000003 000000000000014.000000000014th 000000000000017.000000000017th 000000000000151.0000000000151 000000000559479.0000000000559.479 000000000003567.00000000003,567 157
total 000000000000018.000000000018th 000000000000052.000000000052 000000000000126.0000000000126 000000000000946.0000000000946 5,030,890 000000000031384.000000000031,384 160
Arrondissements in the
Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region
Cantons in the
Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region
Associations of municipalities in the
Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region

Regional council

Result of the election of the regional council on December 13, 2015:

To prevent the Front National from winning, the Socialist Party withdrew its list after the first round of voting and called for the election of Christian Estrosi's list.


Compared with the European Union , the region achieved a gross domestic product index of 104.6 in 2006 (EU-27 = 100, expressed in purchasing power standards ). In 2017 the unemployment rate was 10.2%.

See also

Web links

Commons : Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Wiktionary: Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. Résultats régionales 2015 on, accessed on January 11, 2016
  2. Eurostat press release 23/2009: Regional GDP per inhabitant in the EU27 (PDF, 360 kB)
  3. Unemployment rate, by NUTS 2 regions. Retrieved November 5, 2018 .