Hautes-Alpes department

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Coat of arms of the Hautes-Alpes department
Finistère Côtes-d’Armor Ille-et-Vilaine Morbihan Loire-Atlantique Vendée Manche Mayenne Orne Calvados Maine-et-Loire Sarthe Indre-et-Loire Vienne Deux-Sèvres Indre Loir-et-Cher Eure Eure-et-Loir Seine-Maritime Oise Aisne Somme Pas-de-Calais Nord Ardennes Marne Meuse Meurthe-et-Moselle Haute-Marne Vosges Moselle Haut-Rhin Bas-Rhin Territoire de Belfort Cher Loiret Yonne Aube Côte-d’Or Nièvre Haute-Saône Essonne Yvelines Seine-et-Marne Val-d’Oise Hauts-de-Seine Val-de-Marne Seine-Saint-Denis Paris Doubs Jura Saône-et-Loire Allier Creuse Haute-Vienne Charente Charente-Maritime Corrèze Dordogne Gironde Puy-de-Dôme Loire Rhône Ain Haute-Savoie Cantal Lot Savoie Haute-Loire Isère Ardèche Landes Lot-et-Garonne Hautes-Alpes Drôme Alpes-Maritimes Var Alpes-de-Haute-Provence Vaucluse Bouches-du-Rhône Gard Hérault Lozère Aveyron Tarn Tarn-et-Garonne Gers Pyrènèes-Atlantiques Hautes-Pyrénées Aude Pyrénées-Orientales Haute-Garonne Ariège Haute-Corse Corse-du-Sud Vereinigtes Königreich Andorra Guernsey Jersey Niederlande Belgien Luxemburg Deutschland Liechtenstein Monaco Österreich Schweiz Italien SpanienLocation of the Hautes-Alpes department in France
About this picture
region Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur
prefecture Gap
Sub-prefecture (s) Briançon
Residents 141,284 (Jan 1, 2017)
Population density 26 inhabitants per km²
surface 5,527.84 km²
Arrondissements 2
Community associations 9
Cantons 15th
Communities 162
President of the
Department Council
Jean-Yves Dusserre
ISO-3166-2 code FR-05
Location of the Hautes-Alpes
Location of the department of Hautes-Alpes in the
region of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur

The Hautes-Alpes department [ otzalp ] is the French department with the atomic number 05. It is in the southeast of the country in the region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur at the Italian border and was so named because here - apart from the The peaks of the Mont-Blanc group in the Haute-Savoie department - the highest mountains in France are located.


The department borders the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence , Drôme , Isère and Savoie departments as well as Italy .

The department is located in the southern part of the Western Alps. With the 4102  m high Barre des Écrins , the summit of the southernmost four-thousand-meter peak in the Alps lies in the area of ​​the department. The highest mountains include the Barre des Écrins La Meije ( 3983  m ), L'Ailefroide ( 3953  m ), Mont Pelvoux ( 3946  m ), Pic Gaspard ( 3883  m ), Pic de Neige-Cordier ( 3613  m) ). The passes include the Col Agnel ( 2744  m ), the Col du Galibier ( 2645  m ), the Col d'Izoard ( 2361  m ), the Col de Vars ( 2111  m ) and the Col du Lautaret ( 2058  m ).

Much of the department is drained by the south-flowing Durance and its tributaries Buëch , Clarée , Guil and Guisane . Only the Drac and Romanche rivers flow north. The largest lake is the almost 30 km² Lac de Serre-Ponçon reservoir .

The Hautes-Alpes department includes the landscapes of Briançonnais , Bochaine , Champsaur , Dévoluy , Embrunais , Gapençais , Guillestrois , Laragnais , Queyras , Veynois , Valgaudemar and the Pays des Écrins .

The Écrins National Park and the Queyras Regional Nature Park are the two important nature reserves in the Hautes-Alpes department.

coat of arms

Description: The coat of arms is split and shows a golden Tolosan cross in red in front and a blue dolphin in red in the back . In the blue head of the shield there are three rows of sown golden lilies .


By a law of December 22nd, 1789, the Hautes-Alpes department was created on March 4th 1790 as one of 83 departments. It was formed from the southeastern part of the Dauphiné province and the northern part of the Provence province and divided into the four arrondissements of Briançon , Embrun, Gap and Serres with 39 cantons. The main town became the municipality of Chorges , but the administration changed to Gap that same year . On February 17, 1800 there was a new division of the cantons into the arrondissements, with the arrondissement Serres being abolished. After the reform of September 10, 1926, the Arrondissement Embrun was also dissolved.

The department maintained a friendship with the Ilmenau district in the GDR district of Suhl in the 1960s and 1970s .


The municipalities of the department include next to Gap (40.895 Ew.) And Briançon (11.625 Ew.) Embrun (6155 Ew.), Laragne-Montéglin (3511 Ew.) And Veynes (3182 Ew.). The population figures refer to the reference date January 1, 2017. With Saint-Véran at an altitude of 2042  m , the highest municipality in France is located in the Hautes-Alpes department.

Administrative division

Communes and arrondissements in the Hautes-Alpes department
Arrondissement Cantons Communities Residents
January 1, 2017
Density of
population / km²
Briançon 4th 36 000000000034898.000000000034,898 1,896.09 000000000000018.000000000018th 051
Gap 11 126 000000000106386.0000000000106.386 3,389.70 000000000000031.000000000031 052
Hautes-Alpes department 15th 162 000000000141284.0000000000141.284 5,527.84 000000000000026.000000000026th 05

See also:

Web links

Commons : Hautes-Alpes department  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. http://www.cg05.fr/3069-conseillers-generaux.htm accessed on September 9, 2012
  2. When the department was founded in 1790, the Mont-Blanc area was not yet part of France. Thus the Barre des Ecrins was the highest mountain in the country back then, before Savoy finally fell to France from 1796 to 1815 or from 1860.

Coordinates: 44 ° 41 ′  N , 6 ° 16 ′  E