North department

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Coat of arms of the north department
Finistère Côtes-d’Armor Ille-et-Vilaine Morbihan Loire-Atlantique Vendée Manche Mayenne Orne Calvados Maine-et-Loire Sarthe Indre-et-Loire Vienne Deux-Sèvres Indre Loir-et-Cher Eure Eure-et-Loir Seine-Maritime Oise Aisne Somme Pas-de-Calais Nord Ardennes Marne Meuse Meurthe-et-Moselle Haute-Marne Vosges Moselle Haut-Rhin Bas-Rhin Territoire de Belfort Cher Loiret Yonne Aube Côte-d’Or Nièvre Haute-Saône Essonne Yvelines Seine-et-Marne Val-d’Oise Hauts-de-Seine Val-de-Marne Seine-Saint-Denis Paris Doubs Jura Saône-et-Loire Allier Creuse Haute-Vienne Charente Charente-Maritime Corrèze Dordogne Gironde Puy-de-Dôme Loire Rhône Ain Haute-Savoie Cantal Lot Savoie Haute-Loire Isère Ardèche Landes Lot-et-Garonne Hautes-Alpes Drôme Alpes-Maritimes Var Alpes-de-Haute-Provence Vaucluse Bouches-du-Rhône Gard Hérault Lozère Aveyron Tarn Tarn-et-Garonne Gers Pyrènèes-Atlantiques Hautes-Pyrénées Aude Pyrénées-Orientales Haute-Garonne Ariège Haute-Corse Corse-du-Sud Vereinigtes Königreich Andorra Guernsey Jersey Niederlande Belgien Luxemburg Deutschland Liechtenstein Monaco Österreich Schweiz Italien SpanienLocation of the Nord department in France
About this picture
region Hauts-de-France
prefecture Lille
Sub-prefecture (s) Avesnes-sur-Helpe
Residents 2,604,361 (Jan 1, 2017)
Population density 453 inhabitants per km²
surface 5,743.01 km²
Arrondissements 6th
Community associations 18th
Cantons 41
Communities 648
President of the
Department Council
Jean-René Lecerf
ISO-3166-2 code FR-59
Location of the north
Location of the department of Nord in the
region of Hauts-de-France

The department Nord [ nɔːʀ ] is the French department with the atomic number 59. It is in the region of Hauts-de-France in the north of the Belgian border and, before Paris , the French populous department.


The North department borders on the Pas-de-Calais departments in the west, Aisne and a few kilometers with Somme in the south and Belgium in the east. In the extreme northwest is the coast of the North Sea at the entrance to the English Channel .

The north department is unusually narrow and elongated. It forms the western half of the national border with Belgium. Its capital is Lille , which, together with Roubaix , Tourcoing and Villeneuve-d'Ascq with over a million inhabitants, forms the heart of the region industrially and formerly with its mining. Other important cities are Cambrai , Douai , Dunkerque and Valenciennes .

The main rivers are the Lys (Leie) , Sambre , Scarpe , Schelde and Yser .


The department was formed on March 4, 1790 from the French part of Flanders , the French part of Hainaut and the Cambrésis (the area of ​​the Bishop of Cambrai).

The department was conquered by the Wehrmacht at the end of May / beginning of June 1940 as part of the western campaign . In September 1944, it was liberated within a few days by rapidly advancing Western Allied troops.

From 1960 to 2016, the department was part of the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region , which in 2016 became part of the Hauts-de-France region.

coat of arms

Description : A black, red armored and tongued lion in gold .


The most populous municipalities in the north are:

city Population
Lille 232.787 Lille
Tourcoing 97,368 Lille
Roubaix 96,990 Lille
Dunkerque 87,353 Dunkerque
Villeneuve-d'Ascq 63,408 Lille
Valenciennes 43,336 Valenciennes
Wattrelos 40,958 Lille
Douai 39,700 Douai
Marcq-en-Barœul 38,617 Lille
Cambrai 32,558 Cambrai

Administrative division

Municipalities and arrondissements in the north department

The northern department is divided into 6 arrondissements , 41 cantons and 648 communes :

Arrondissement Cantons Communities Residents
January 1, 2017
Density of
population / km²
Avesnes-sur-Helpe 4th 151 000000000229451.0000000000229.451 1,407.51 000000000000163.0000000000163 591
Cambrai 3 116 000000000161655.0000000000161,655 901.58 000000000000179.0000000000179 592
Douai 4th 64 000000000245683.0000000000245,683 476.61 000000000000515.0000000000515 593
Dunkerque 7th 111 000000000375768.0000000000375,768 1,442.79 000000000000260.0000000000260 594
Lille 17th 124 000000001240456.00000000001,240,456 879.61 000000000001410.00000000001,410 595
Valenciennes 6th 82 000000000351348.0000000000351,348 634.91 000000000000553.0000000000553 596
North department 41 648 000000002604361.00000000002,604,361 5,743.01 000000000000453.0000000000453 59

See also:


Initially the “front-line state” of the industrial revolution in the 19th century, but severely affected by heavy and long-lasting fighting in the First World War , then after the Second World War and its “second bloom” the region today suffers economically, socially and culturally from the decline of the Coal mining since the early 1970s, followed by the textile industry and meanwhile increasingly also with environmental problems.


Measuring station: Boulogne, Hafen, 73 meters above sea level (Since the Nord department does not have its own measuring station, the data from the neighboring Pas-de-Calais department was given.)

maritime climate data J F. M. A. M. J J A. S. O N D.
mean maximum temperature 6th 6th 9 11 15th 17th 19th 19th 18th 15th 10 7th
mean low temperature 2 2 3 5 9 11 13 14th 12 10 6th 3
Number of very sunny days 1.5 2 2.5 2.5 2 2 2.5 3 2 3 1.5 1.5
Number of days with an overcast sky 19th 17th 15th 13 13 11 12 11 12 15th 18th 19th
Number of rainy days 11 9 9 8th 8th 7th 7th 9 10 10 13 12
Rainfall in mm 55 46 40 38 42 47 45 54 66 66 83 64
Water temperature near the coast 8th 6th 7th 8th 10 13 15th 17th 17th 15th 12 9

Days per year with

  • Rainfalls over 1 mm: 115
  • Frost: 32
    • First frost: November 22nd
    • Last frost: March 23rd
  • Snow: 13
  • Thunderstorm: 10
  • Hail: 4

As of 1991

Web links

Commons : Département Nord  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. accessed on April 27, 2015
  2. page 297
  3. Climate data from: Jean-Noël Darde: Plages et côtes de France. Éditions Balland, Paris 1991.

Coordinates: 50 ° 37 '  N , 3 ° 2'  E