Creuse department

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Coat of arms of the Creuse department
Finistère Côtes-d’Armor Ille-et-Vilaine Morbihan Loire-Atlantique Vendée Manche Mayenne Orne Calvados Maine-et-Loire Sarthe Indre-et-Loire Vienne Deux-Sèvres Indre Loir-et-Cher Eure Eure-et-Loir Seine-Maritime Oise Aisne Somme Pas-de-Calais Nord Ardennes Marne Meuse Meurthe-et-Moselle Haute-Marne Vosges Moselle Haut-Rhin Bas-Rhin Territoire de Belfort Cher Loiret Yonne Aube Côte-d’Or Nièvre Haute-Saône Essonne Yvelines Seine-et-Marne Val-d’Oise Hauts-de-Seine Val-de-Marne Seine-Saint-Denis Paris Doubs Jura Saône-et-Loire Allier Creuse Haute-Vienne Charente Charente-Maritime Corrèze Dordogne Gironde Puy-de-Dôme Loire Rhône Ain Haute-Savoie Cantal Lot Savoie Haute-Loire Isère Ardèche Landes Lot-et-Garonne Hautes-Alpes Drôme Alpes-Maritimes Var Alpes-de-Haute-Provence Vaucluse Bouches-du-Rhône Gard Hérault Lozère Aveyron Tarn Tarn-et-Garonne Gers Pyrènèes-Atlantiques Hautes-Pyrénées Aude Pyrénées-Orientales Haute-Garonne Ariège Haute-Corse Corse-du-Sud Vereinigtes Königreich Andorra Guernsey Jersey Niederlande Belgien Luxemburg Deutschland Liechtenstein Monaco Österreich Schweiz Italien SpanienLocation of the Creuse department in France
About this picture
region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
prefecture Guéret
Sub-prefecture (s) Aubusson
Residents 118,638 (Jan. 1, 2017)
Population density 21 inhabitants per km²
surface 5,564.65 km²
Arrondissements 2
Community associations 8th
Cantons 15th
Communities 256
President of the
Department Council
Valérie Simonet
ISO-3166-2 code FR-23
Location of the Creuse
Location of the department of Creuse in the
region Nouvelle-Aquitaine

The Creuse department ([ kʀøːz ], Occitan Cruesa ) is the French department of 23 with the serial number located in the center of the country in the region Nouvelle-Aquitaine and is named after the river Creuse named.


The Creuse department is bordered by the Indre and Cher departments to the north, the Allier department to the northeast, the Puy-de-Dôme department to the east, the Corrèze department to the south and the Haute-Vienne department to the west .

The department lies in the north-west of the Massif Central and extends into the Plateau de Millevaches in the south . The eponymous Creuse , which flows through the department in a north-westerly direction, also rises in the Plateau de Millevaches .


It was formed on March 4, 1790 from the main part of the Marche province and part of the Limousin . It also belonged to the Limousin region from 1960 to 2015 , which became part of the Nouvelle Aquitaine region in 2016 .


Population development

year 1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2016
Residents 163,515 156,876 146.214 139,968 131,349 124,470 123.401 119.502
Source: INSEE

The number of inhabitants in the department has been steadily declining since the early 1960s. The reason for this is, in addition to the emigration, which was recorded until the mid-1970s, a well below average birth rate, which was consistently below the mortality rate. Observers see here "a future laboratory for Europe when it comes to emigration".


Map of the department

The most populous communes in the Creuse department are:

city Population
Guéret 13,161 Guéret
La Souterraine 5,207 Guéret
Aubusson 3,366 Aubusson

Administrative division

The Creuse department is divided into 2 arrondissements , 15 cantons and 256 communes :

Communes and arrondissements in the Creuse department
Arrondissement Cantons Communities Residents
January 1, 2017
Density of
population / km²
Aubusson 6th 129 000000000044361.000000000044,361 2,827.95 000000000000016.000000000016 231
Guéret 11 127 000000000074277.000000000074,277 2,736.70 000000000000027.000000000027 232
Creuse department 15th 256 000000000118638.0000000000118,638 5,564.65 000000000000021.000000000021st 23
Prefecture of the department in Guéret

See also:


The Creuse department is predominantly agricultural. In addition, tourism is an important source of income.

Web links

Commons : Département Creuse  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. accessed on May 6, 2015
  2. ^ Daniele Muscionico: What will flourish for us in the future: The village is dying. ,, July 30, 2019, accessed July 30, 2019

Coordinates: 46 ° 9 ′  N , 1 ° 58 ′  E