Gironde department

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Coat of arms of the Gironde department
Finistère Côtes-d’Armor Ille-et-Vilaine Morbihan Loire-Atlantique Vendée Manche Mayenne Orne Calvados Maine-et-Loire Sarthe Indre-et-Loire Vienne Deux-Sèvres Indre Loir-et-Cher Eure Eure-et-Loir Seine-Maritime Oise Aisne Somme Pas-de-Calais Nord Ardennes Marne Meuse Meurthe-et-Moselle Haute-Marne Vosges Moselle Haut-Rhin Bas-Rhin Territoire de Belfort Cher Loiret Yonne Aube Côte-d’Or Nièvre Haute-Saône Essonne Yvelines Seine-et-Marne Val-d’Oise Hauts-de-Seine Val-de-Marne Seine-Saint-Denis Paris Doubs Jura Saône-et-Loire Allier Creuse Haute-Vienne Charente Charente-Maritime Corrèze Dordogne Gironde Puy-de-Dôme Loire Rhône Ain Haute-Savoie Cantal Lot Savoie Haute-Loire Isère Ardèche Landes Lot-et-Garonne Hautes-Alpes Drôme Alpes-Maritimes Var Alpes-de-Haute-Provence Vaucluse Bouches-du-Rhône Gard Hérault Lozère Aveyron Tarn Tarn-et-Garonne Gers Pyrènèes-Atlantiques Hautes-Pyrénées Aude Pyrénées-Orientales Haute-Garonne Ariège Haute-Corse Corse-du-Sud Vereinigtes Königreich Andorra Guernsey Jersey Niederlande Belgien Luxemburg Deutschland Liechtenstein Monaco Österreich Schweiz Italien SpanienLocation of the Gironde department in France
About this picture
region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
prefecture Bordeaux
Sub-prefecture (s) Arcachon
Residents 1,583,384 (Jan. 1, 2017)
Population density 159 inhabitants per km²
surface 9,973.73 km²
Arrondissements 6th
Community associations 28
Cantons 33
Communities 535
President of the
Department Council
Jean-Luc Gleyze
ISO-3166-2 code FR-33
Location of the Gironde
Location of the Gironde in the
region Nouvelle-Aquitaine

The Gironde [ ʒiʀõːd ] is the French department with the atomic number 33. It is in the west of the country in the region Nouvelle-Aquitaine and is named after the estuary Gironde , who in the department by the confluence of the Dordogne and the Garonne arises named.


The department is located in the north of the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region and, with an area of ​​9,975 km², forms the second largest French department after French Guiana . The west-east extension is 120 kilometers and the north-south extension 170 kilometers.

The department borders the Atlantic Ocean to the west, the Gironde estuary to the north and the Charente-Maritime department . In the east it borders on the Dordogne department , in the southeast on the Lot-et-Garonne department and in the south on the Landes department .

The most important rivers are the Dordogne , which crosses the department from the east, and the Garonne , which flows from the southeast . Both waters join behind the capital Bordeaux to form the Gironde . The Atlantic coast is marked by the estuary of the Gironde in the north, just a few kilometers inland lying lakes of Hourtin-Carcans and Lacanau , the Bay of Arcachon in the south, and the south lying on their sea opening dune of Pilat . The northern part of the coastal area in the triangle between the Gironde estuary, Arcachon Bay and Bordeaux forms the Médoc peninsula . In the west of the department, the pine forests of the Landes de Gascogne extend .

coat of arms

Description : Under a red shield head with a gold running, blue-armored and tongued lion, there is an eight-fold blue-silver stand .


The department was formed during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790 from parts of the provinces of Guyenne and Gascogne (mainly the Bordelais and the western part of the Bazadais ). It was divided into seven districts ( French district ), the precursors of the arrondissements : Bazas , Blaye, Bordeaux, Cadillac, Lesparre, Libourne and La Reole. The department and the districts were subdivided into cantons and in 1791 had about 490,000 [?] Inhabitants. The capital was already Bordeaux .

From June 1793 to April 14, 1795, the department was called Bec-d'Ambès.

The arrondissements were built on February 17, 1800. They were Bazas, Blaye , Bordeaux , Lesparre, Libourne and La Reole.

On September 10, 1926, Bazas was replaced by Langon and the arrondissements of Lesparre (to Bordeaux) and La Reole (to Langon) dissolved.

On June 1, 1942, the Lesparre-Médoc arrondissement was rebuilt. From 1944, the German spoke Navy in Gironde-Nord, a Navy hospital that the fortress hospital was expanded.

On January 1, 2007, the Arcachon arrondissement was newly formed with four cantons spun off from the Bordeaux arrondissement.

From 1960 to 2015 it belonged to the Aquitaine region , which in 2016 became part of the Nouvelle Aquitaine region.


The most populous communes in the Gironde department are:

city Population
Bordeaux 254,436 Bordeaux
Mérignac 70.105 Bordeaux
Pessac 63,808 Bordeaux
Talence 42,606 Bordeaux
Villenave-d'Ornon 34,090 Bordeaux
Saint-Médard-en-Jalles 31,145 Bordeaux
Bègles 28,601 Bordeaux
La Teste-de-Buch 26,078 Arcachon
Gradignan 25,552 Bordeaux
Libourne 24,845 Libourne

Administrative division

Communes and arrondissements in the Gironde department

The Gironde department is divided into 6 arrondissements , 33 cantons and 538 communes :

Arrondissement Cantons Communities Residents
January 1, 2017
Density of
population / km²
Arcachon 4th 17th 000000000153033.0000000000153.033 1,469.79 000000000000104.0000000000104 336
Blaye 2 62 000000000090945.000000000090,945 781.86 000000000000116.0000000000116 331
Bordeaux 21st 82 000000000961709.0000000000961.709 1,521.72 000000000000632.0000000000632 332
Langon 4th 196 000000000132915.0000000000132.915 2,643.59 000000000000050.000000000050 333
Lesparre-Médoc 2 49 000000000090339.000000000090,339 2,273.90 000000000000040.000000000040 334
Libourne 5 129 000000000154443.0000000000154,443 1,282.87 000000000000120.0000000000120 335
Gironde department 33 535 000000001583384.00000000001,583,384 9,973.73 000000000000159.0000000000159 33

See also:


Coast in the Gironde department

The maritime climate is decisive for the Gironde department: mild winters (between 5 and 7 ° C) and tolerable summer temperatures (19-21 ° C) with rain that is distributed over all seasons (drizzle), with the highest rainfall being measured during winter .

Bordeaux has an average annual rainfall of 820 mm, Lacanau of 935 mm and Coutras inland of 768 mm. The amount of precipitation is highest in the area covered by forest.

The winds come from the southwest or northwest.

The sunshine is particularly intense along the coast, at the Gironde estuary and the Arcachon basin.

Monitoring station: Cap-Ferret on the Bassin d'Arcachon, 700 meters from the sea

maritime climate data J F. M. A. M. J J A. S. O N D.
mean maximum temperature 10 11 14th 16 19th 22nd 25th 25th 23 19th 14th 11
mean low temperature 4th 5 6th 8th 11 14th 16 16 15th 11 7th 5
Number of very sunny days 3 3.5 5 4th 4th 5 7th 6th 6th 5 3 2.5
Number of days with an overcast sky 16 13 12 9 10 7th 6th 6th 8th 9 14th 17th
Number of rainy days 13 12 11 9 10 7th 7th 9 10 10 12 13
Rainfall in mm 90 75 70 55 65 50 35 60 80 85 90 100
Water temperature near the coast 12 11 12 13 15th 18th 20th 21st 20th 18th 16 13

Days per year with

  • Rainfalls over 1 mm: 123
  • Frost: 15
    • First frost: early December
    • Last frost: early March
  • Snow: 2
  • Thunderstorm: 18
  • Hail: 3

As of 1991

Web links

Commons : Gironde department  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ( Memento of the original from May 11, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. on May 5, 2015.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  2. Climate data from: Jean-Noël Darde: Plages et côtes de France. Éditions Balland, Paris 1991.

Coordinates: 44 ° 52 ′  N , 0 ° 33 ′  W