Aisne department

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Coat of arms of the Aisne department
Finistère Côtes-d’Armor Ille-et-Vilaine Morbihan Loire-Atlantique Vendée Manche Mayenne Orne Calvados Maine-et-Loire Sarthe Indre-et-Loire Vienne Deux-Sèvres Indre Loir-et-Cher Eure Eure-et-Loir Seine-Maritime Oise Aisne Somme Pas-de-Calais Nord Ardennes Marne Meuse Meurthe-et-Moselle Haute-Marne Vosges Moselle Haut-Rhin Bas-Rhin Territoire de Belfort Cher Loiret Yonne Aube Côte-d’Or Nièvre Haute-Saône Essonne Yvelines Seine-et-Marne Val-d’Oise Hauts-de-Seine Val-de-Marne Seine-Saint-Denis Paris Doubs Jura Saône-et-Loire Allier Creuse Haute-Vienne Charente Charente-Maritime Corrèze Dordogne Gironde Puy-de-Dôme Loire Rhône Ain Haute-Savoie Cantal Lot Savoie Haute-Loire Isère Ardèche Landes Lot-et-Garonne Hautes-Alpes Drôme Alpes-Maritimes Var Alpes-de-Haute-Provence Vaucluse Bouches-du-Rhône Gard Hérault Lozère Aveyron Tarn Tarn-et-Garonne Gers Pyrènèes-Atlantiques Hautes-Pyrénées Aude Pyrénées-Orientales Haute-Garonne Ariège Haute-Corse Corse-du-Sud Vereinigtes Königreich Andorra Guernsey Jersey Niederlande Belgien Luxemburg Deutschland Liechtenstein Monaco Österreich Schweiz Italien SpanienLocation of the Aisne department in France
About this picture
region Hauts-de-France
prefecture Laon
Sub-prefecture (s) Château-Thierry
Residents 534,490 (Jan. 1, 2017)
Population density 73 inhabitants per km²
surface 7,362.20 km²
Arrondissements 5
Community associations 20th
Cantons 21st
Communities 800
President of the
Department Council
Nicolas Fricoteaux ( UDI )
ISO-3166-2 code FR-02
Location of the Aisne
Location of the department of Aisne in the
region of Hauts-de-France

The Aisne [ ɛn ] is the French department with the atomic number 02. It is in the north of the country in the region Hauts-de-France and is named after the river Aisne named.


Aisne department

The department is bordered by the North department to the north, Belgium to the northeast, the Ardennes and Marne departments to the east, the Seine-et-Marne department to the south and the Oise and Somme departments to the west .

Important rivers in the department are Aisne , Marne , Ourcq , Vesle , Somme , Oise , Serre .

coat of arms

Description: Divided into blue and gold by white wavy bars are three blue diagonal bars at the top and a white bar with a golden meander on both sides below .


The Aisne department is one of the 83 departments that were formed on March 4, 1790 during the French Revolution . It was combined from areas of the Île-de-France ( Laonnois , Soissonnais , Noyonnais , Valois ), Picardy ( Thiérache , Vermandois ) and Champagne . All incorporations are grouped under municipal mergers in the Aisne department .

During the First World War (1914–1918) there were three major fighting on the Aisne River:

On May 15, 1940, Wehrmacht troops invaded the Aisne department. They had started the campaign in the west five days earlier . They reached Montcornet on the evening of May 15th . From May 17th to June 10th, Wehrmacht units and units of the French army fought against each other in the 'Bataille de l'Aisne'; the Wehrmacht won the battle and a few days later occupied Paris without a fight. In Montcornet, Colonel Charles de Gaulle led one of the four counter offensives in the western campaign on May 17, 1940.

From 1960 to 2015, the department was part of the Picardy region , which in 2016 became part of the Hauts-de-France region.


The inhabitants of the Aisne department are called Axonais .


The Aisne department contains several towns of medium importance, surrounded by numerous, but often very small, towns. The department lost part of its population in the second half of the 19th century due to rural exodus , which was partially compensated for by industrial development. Particularly affected in both world wars , the department then almost regained its population of 1900. For about 30 years, industrial decline has caused stagnation in the number of residents. Only the south still shows demographic growth due to its proximity to the agglomeration of Paris.


The most populous municipalities in the Aisne department are:

city Population
Saint-Quentin 53,816 Saint-Quentin
Soissons 28,530 Soissons
Laon 24,876 Laon
Château-Thierry 15,107 Château-Thierry
Tergnier 13,456 Laon
Chauny 11,878 Laon
Villers-Cotterêts 10,872 Soissons
Hirson 8,813 Vervins
Bohain-en-Vermandois 5,664 Saint-Quentin
Gauchy 5,276 Saint-Quentin

Administrative division

Communes and arrondissements in the Aisne department

The Aisne department is divided into 5 arrondissements , 21 cantons and 800 communes :

Arrondissement Cantons Communities Residents
January 1, 2017
Density of
population / km²
Château-Thierry 4th 108 000000000070059.000000000070,059 1,115.15 000000000000063.000000000063 021
Laon 7th 240 000000000156706.0000000000156,706 2,176.05 000000000000072.000000000072 022
Saint-Quentin 5 126 000000000128154.0000000000128.154 1,071.17 000000000000120.0000000000120 023
Soissons 5 166 000000000107930.0000000000107.930 1,342.05 000000000000080.000000000080 024
Vervins 4th 160 000000000071641.000000000071,641 1,657.78 000000000000043.000000000043 025
Aisne department 21st 800 000000000534490.0000000000534.490 7,362.20 000000000000073.000000000073 02

See also:


Like the entire former region of Picardy, the Aisne department is not very well developed for tourism. There are four areas worth noting when visiting the Aisne department:

As in all of eastern France, there are a large number of buildings from the early and high Gothic . The cathedrals in Laon , Soissons and Saint-Quentin should be mentioned in particular .

In addition, a number of well-known artists have close ties to the south of the department. The fable poet Jean de la Fontaine was born in Château-Thierry. The playwright Jean Racine in La Ferté-Milon . The novelist Alexandre Dumas the Elder comes from Villers-Cotterêts. The sculptor and painter Camille Claudel , wife of Auguste Rodin , comes from Fère-en-Tardenois .

In the north-eastern region of the Thiérache , many church buildings were converted into fortified churches , especially during the Eighty Years' War , which are characterized by reinforced walls, towers or intermediate floors as escape options. Examples are the churches in Englancourt or Archon .

Regarding recent history, the battlefields of the First World War are particularly worth seeing. In 2017, the département commemorated the battle of the Aisne 100 years ago , better known there as the Battle of the Chemin des Dames . The center of remembrance is the Drachenhöhle , a former quarry developed by the Reichswehr . In the cave, daily life in war and its hardships is depicted very vividly.

Web links

Commons : Département Aisne  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ( Memento of the original from July 1, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Retrieved April 27, 2015 @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  2. INSEE Première N ° 1510, Les dépenses des touristes en France (from July 24, 2014 in French, PDF, 1 MB)

Coordinates: 49 ° 34 '  N , 3 ° 37'  E