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Course of the Somme

Course of the Somme

Water code FRE6 --- 140 , FRE6--009-
location France , Hauts-de-France region
River system Somme
source in the municipality of Fonsomme
49 ° 54 ′ 23 ″  N , 3 ° 24 ′ 10 ″  E
Source height approx.  86  m
muzzle near Saint-Valery-sur-Somme in the English Channel Coordinates: 50 ° 11 ′ 34 "  N , 1 ° 36 ′ 57"  E 50 ° 11 ′ 34 "  N , 1 ° 36 ′ 57"  E
Mouth height m
Height difference approx. 86 m
Bottom slope approx. 0.35 ‰
length 245 km
Big cities Amiens
Medium-sized cities Saint-Quentin , Abbeville
Small towns Ham , Péronne , Corbie
The Somme

The Somme

The Somme is a river in the Hauts-de-France region in northern France . It rises in Fonsomme near Saint-Quentin and flows into the English Channel after 245 kilometers in an estuary called the Somme Bay (French Baie de Somme ) between Le Crotoy and Saint-Valery-sur-Somme . On its way it flows first through the Aisne department and then through the Somme department named after it .


The name Somme goes back to Celtic origins. The Romans named the river Samara .

First World War

The Somme became known worldwide through the Battle of the Somme ; One of the bloodiest battles of the First World War, with at least one million dead and wounded .

Second World War

At the beginning of June 1940, the French armed forces opposed the advance of the Wehrmacht during the western campaign on the Weygand Line (south of the Somme, the Crozat Canal , the Ailette and the Aisne ). But they had hardly any armored forces and could only hold the line for a few days; after that the campaign in the west was practically decided. On June 22, 1940, the Armistice of Compiègne , which was similar to surrender for France .


After building several canals , the Canal Maritime d'Abbeville à Saint-Valery and Canal de la Somme , the Somme is navigable from its mouth to Saint-Simon . There is a connection to the Canal du Nord and the Canal de Saint-Quentin .


Left tributaries:

Right tributaries:

Places on the river

See also

Web links

Commons : Somme River  - collection of images, videos and audio files


  1. a b (1: 16,000)
  2. a b The information on the river length over the Somme Rivière at SANDRE (French) and the Somme Canalisée at SANDRE (French), accessed on December 22, 2011, could not be used because they overlap. The information was therefore taken from the website of the Conseil General de la Somme  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. accepted.@1@ 2Template: Dead Link /