Course of the Somme
|Water code||FR : E6 --- 140 , FR : E6--009-|
|location||France , Hauts-de-France region|
|source||in the municipality of Fonsomme
|muzzle||near Saint-Valery-sur-Somme in the English Channel
|Height difference||approx. 86 m|
|Bottom slope||approx. 0.35 ‰|
|Medium-sized cities||Saint-Quentin , Abbeville|
|Small towns||Ham , Péronne , Corbie|
The Somme is a river in the Hauts-de-France region in northern France . It rises in Fonsomme near Saint-Quentin and flows into the English Channel after 245 kilometers in an estuary called the Somme Bay (French Baie de Somme ) between Le Crotoy and Saint-Valery-sur-Somme . On its way it flows first through the Aisne department and then through the Somme department named after it .
The name Somme goes back to Celtic origins. The Romans named the river Samara .
First World War
Second World War
At the beginning of June 1940, the French armed forces opposed the advance of the Wehrmacht during the western campaign on the Weygand Line (south of the Somme, the Crozat Canal , the Ailette and the Aisne ). But they had hardly any armored forces and could only hold the line for a few days; after that the campaign in the west was practically decided. On June 22, 1940, the Armistice of Compiègne , which was similar to surrender for France .
After building several canals , the Canal Maritime d'Abbeville à Saint-Valery and Canal de la Somme , the Somme is navigable from its mouth to Saint-Simon . There is a connection to the Canal du Nord and the Canal de Saint-Quentin .
Places on the river
- geoportail.fr (1: 16,000)
- The information on the river length over the Somme Rivière at SANDRE (French) and the Somme Canalisée at SANDRE (French), accessed on December 22, 2011, could not be used because they overlap. The information was therefore taken from the website of the Conseil General de la Somme ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. accepted.