According to a definition of the German Imperial Statistics from 1871 and the International Statistics Conference of 1887, Mittelstadt is the name for all cities with at least 20,000 and less than 100,000 inhabitants in contrast to the country town (less than 5000 inhabitants), the small town (less than 20,000 inhabitants) and the large city (at least 100,000 inhabitants). In addition, there are the terms regiopolis and metropolis , which designate particularly important cities, but do not refer to their population.
In Germany , a medium- sized town is further subdivided according to the Federal Office for Building and Regional Planning into a “large medium-sized town” with at least 50,000 inhabitants and a “small medium-sized town” with less than 50,000 inhabitants.
Medium-sized cities are usually medium- sized centers as well . The term “central center” refers to the division into centers in spatial planning . There are basic , middle and regional centers , as well as regiopole and metropolitan regions . This center division follows the political goals of spatial planning or results de facto from the economic, socio-cultural, and political-administrative importance of a city.
The importance of a city cannot be derived directly from the breakdown according to the number of inhabitants into small town, medium town and large town. Small and medium-sized towns in rural areas have a greater economic, social and political importance for the surrounding area than cities of the same size or even larger in the immediate vicinity of urban agglomerations.
Special status in Saarland
In Saarland , as a medium- sized town according to Self- of Saarland (KSVG), " district or regional association member cities, to which this legal status is to be granted upon application by statutory order of the state government , if they have more than 30,000 inhabitants and are not the seat of the district administration or the Regional association administrations are “designated.
Medium-sized towns "in addition to their tasks as municipalities in their area also fulfill state tasks assigned to the districts in accordance with a statutory ordinance of the state government". ( vehicle registration , so that the IGB license plates are given to the residents of St. Ingbert and VK to the residents of Völklingen, although both cities are in rural districts where other distinctive signs apply.). This ordinance mentioned is the . The most noticeable task is the
The head of the city administration is a Lord Mayor .
Völklingen was given the status of a medium-sized town with effect from January 1, 1968, St. Ingbert as part of the Saarland administrative and territorial reform on April 1, 1974. Until December 31, 1973, St. Ingbert was the district town of the St. Ingbert district .
The lower limit for awarding the designation "Mittelstadt" was initially 40,000 inhabitants, but due to the declining population of St. Ingbert, it was lowered to 30,000 at the end of the 1990s.
The term hardly plays a role in Austria. Either all municipalities in Austria with at least 10,000 inhabitants are subsumed under "city" in the official statistics system ( Statistics Austria ) (there are only six large cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants), or a special distinction is made between statutory cities with historical city law from the other cities (the smallest, Rust in Burgenland has fewer than 2000 inhabitants) - new statutory cities must have at least 20,000 inhabitants ( Paragraph 3 of the Federal Constitutional Act ), 25 cities fall into this area, of which only 12 are statutory cities. Statistics Austria also uses 40,000 to 100,000, otherwise 5,000 to 50,000 inhabitants are also used for medium-sized towns , including small towns .
- Brigitta Schmidt-Lauber (Ed.): Mittelstadt. Urban life beyond the metropolis. Campus, Frankfurt am Main 2010.
- S. Baumgart, J. Flacke, C. Grüger, P. Lütke and A. Rüdiger (eds.): Small and medium-sized cities - blueprints of the big city? (PDF; 3.0 MB), p. 27, accessed on April 25, 2010
- Brigitta Schmidt-Lauber, Wiebke Reinert, Georg Wolfmayr, Katrin Ecker: Mittelstädtische Urbanitäten. Ethnographic urban studies in Wels and Hildesheim (Middletown Urbanities. Ethnographic Urban Studies in Wels and Hildesheim). Research project, Institute for European Ethnology, University of Vienna; Conceptual section ( memento of the original dated November 26, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. .
- Fraunhofer IoT real laboratory Lemgo Digital. Retrieved July 15, 2018 .
- Ongoing city observation - spatial delimitation. City and municipality types in Germany. Federal Institute for Building, Urban and Spatial Research (BBSR) , 2015, accessed on July 11, 2017 .
- City regions ( Memento of the original from May 8, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , statistik.at → Classifications
- for example LA21 model for small and medium-sized towns ( memento of the original dated November 19, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. . Project for Local Agenda 21 , Agenda 21 Styria → Cities