|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Height :||252 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||75.1 km 2|
|Residents:||46,179 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||615 inhabitants per km 2|
|Primaries :||06821, 06826, 06858|
|License plate :||NK|
|Community key :||10 0 43 114|
|City structure:||10 districts|
City administration address :
|Oberer Markt 16
|Lord Mayor :||Jörg Aumann ( SPD )|
|Location of the city of Neunkirchen in the Neunkirchen district|
Neunkirchen is a Saarland district town on the Blies , about 20 km northeast of the state capital Saarbrücken . With around 47,000 inhabitants, Neunkirchen is the second largest city in Saarland after Saarbrücken .
The name of the city is emphasized on the first syllable. The inhabitants of the city are called Neunkircher and not Neunkirchener . In their Rhineland-Franconian dialect , the people of Neunkirchen call their town “Neinkeije” and themselves “Neinkeijer”. The older name suffix “(Saar)” or “/ Saar” is a short name for the location in the former Saar area and does not mean “on the Saar”. The city currently uses the suffix "Kreisstadt Neunkirchen". In the German-speaking area there are many other places called Neunkirchen, including for example Neunkirchen / Nahe , 35 km away, also in Saarland, Neunkirchen am Potzberg , 42 km away, or Neunkirchen near Saargemünd , just outside of the western region Neunkirchen-lès-Bouzonville located on the Saarland border . The name goes back - like the name of all places of the same name - to a dative form "bei der neue Kirche", Middle High German "ze der niuwen kirchen".
Already in prehistoric times, Kännelkohle / Gagat was mined in the Heinitz district on the Riedberg in the seam Tauentzien , for example in the Hallstatt period (700-450 BC) and Roman times (3rd century AD). This coal mine, the oldest in Germany, is still recognizable today by a pinging train and the memorial stone " An der Keltengrube " not far from the road from Elversberg to Heinitz. The Wiebelskirchen district was first mentioned in a document in 765. "Wiebelskirchen" is the oldest recorded Christian place name in Saarland. The first written mention of Neunkirchen dates from 1281. Almost the entire city area belonged to the Principality of Nassau-Saarbrücken . The Princely House built two castles one after the other in the wooded area, which have now disappeared. The renaissance castle on Obere Markt , built from 1575 on , was demolished in 1752; the new Jägersberg Castle, which began in the same year, was ruined during the coalition wars.
In 1593 the Neunkircher Eisenwerk was built in the Bliestal , which had a significant impact on the town's fate. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe , who traveled to Neunkirchen as a student in 1770, describes in poetry and truth the picturesque location of the place, the Jägersberg Castle and the iron smelting.
The industrialization of Neunkirchen was closely linked to the Stumm family of mining entrepreneurs . On March 22, 1806, the Stumm brothers took over the Neunkirchen ironworks. In the early days of industrialization , hard coal deposits were tapped from 1820 through the König mine , which, together with the iron ores ( minette ) found in nearby Lorraine , led to the development of an important iron industry at the Neunkirchen location. Under Carl Ferdinand von Stumm-Halberg , the company rose to become a market leader in the iron and steel industry.
The Stumm family managed their property for a long time as a separate community of Niederneunkirchen, which was separated from Neunkirchen . During the independence of Niederneunkirchen, Neunkirchen was also called Oberneunkirchen. By contract of December 19, 1921, the four communities Kohlhof , Neunkirchen, Niederneunkirchen and Wellesweiler merged into one community, which four days later was granted city rights with effect from April 1, 1922 .
Although Neunkirchen had a large working-class population, social democracy and the socialist movement were barely able to gain a foothold here until 1918. However, in the November Revolution of 1918, a workers' council was formed . The red flag was hoisted on the town hall, and the council temporarily took over power in the city, but in the further course mainly took care of the food supply.
On February 10, 1933 , a gasometer exploded near the ironworks. 68 people died and 190 were injured. A special grave field was laid out for the victims at the main cemetery in Scheib . Many houses became uninhabitable and a new schoolhouse was almost completely destroyed. There were soon special postage stamps that were used to collect for the victims, and the Red Cross helped build a settlement on today's Storchenplatz for those who had become homeless in the accident.
On March 15, 1945, large parts of the city center were destroyed in a bomb attack .
The decline of heavy industry in the 1970s hit Neunkirchen hard. The last coal mine closed in 1968. When the ironworks closed in 1982 (only the rolling mill continued to operate), the city led the German unemployment statistics for a while. The earlier importance of Neunkirchen as a railway junction has also declined after the shunting yard was partially closed.
At the end of the 1980s, with the construction of the Saarpark Center on the industrial wasteland of the ironworks, the city center of Neunkirchen was greatly changed. The inauguration took place in 1989. With up to 25,000 visitors on normal days and up to 50,000 at Christmas time, it is the best-visited shopping center in Saarland.
Since April 2012 the city of Neunkirchen has been calling itself "Musical City Neunkirchen". Mayor Jürgen Fried gave the impetus for this . He described the musical project Neunkirchen , which was created in December 2002, as a unique selling point of the city. Due to its great success, the musical theme established itself in Neunkirchen, and the project became the pillar on which the concept of the musical city was built. Another mainstay was created by the Neunkircher Musical School , which opened in 2010 alongside the existing music school.
In 1922 the previously independent communities Kohlhof (with Furpach), Niederneunkirchen and Wellesweiler were incorporated; on January 1, 1974 also the communities Hangard, Münchwies and Wiebelskirchen. At the same time, areas of Bexbach ( Ludwigsthal , Haseler Mühle , Hirschbergsiedlung), Kirkel-Neuhäusel ( Eschweilerhof ), Limbach ( Bavarian Kohlhof ) and Spiesen ( human house ) were added.
The new community of Kirkel and the former communities of Kirkel-Neuhäusel and Limbach had lodged a constitutional complaint with the Constitutional Court of Saarland against the assignment of Bayerisch Kohlhof and Eschweilerhof . However, this was rejected by the judgment of November 17, 1975. After the Saarland government announced in 1979 that it would review the disputed reorganization measures again, in February 1980 the municipality of Kirkel made major efforts to regain the ceded areas. The city of Neunkirchen was not ready to negotiate. On May 10, 1983, the Saarland government issued an ordinance to reclassify the inhabited parts of the Bavarian Kohlhof to the community of Kirkel. The city of Neunkirchen took legal action against it and was right on January 30, 1984, because the Constitutional Court upheld the complaint. Thus, the disputed area remained with Neunkirchen. Finally, the Saarland Landtag passed a law on January 23, 1985, with which the inhabited parts of the Bayerischer Kohlhof settlement were finally assigned to the community of Kirkel with effect from April 1, 1985. The area came to the district Limbach.
Population figures as of December 31, 2015:
|total||48,173 (December 31, 2017)|
The core town of Neunkirchen extends from the Blies, where a modern shopping center has been built, to the hills, especially south of the river. The old city center (upper town) is grouped around the upper market. To the west of the upper town there are extensive industrial wastelands, only some of which have been given new functions.
Eschweilerhof and Hofgut Menschenhaus
Eschweilerhof and the Hofgut Menschenhaus only came to Neunkirchen in 1974 through the regional and administrative reform of the Saarland . Before that, the Eschweilerhof belonged to Kirkel-Neuhäusel . The first documentary mention of the village was in 1212 as Eischweiler belonging to the Wörschweiler monastery . The Hofgut Menschenhaus was built in 1754 by a game warden for Prince Wilhelm Heinrich von Nassau-Saarbrücken . It previously belonged to the municipality of Spiesen .
Furpach is located southeast of the city center of Neunkirchen and is known as a local recreation area. The district is also well connected to the city center and about ten minutes by car from the center and also has a motorway connection to the A 8 at the entrance and exit.
Hangard (also: the hangard ) is located northeast of downtown Neunkirchen. The place is occasionally nicknamed the "Pearl of the Easter Valley ".
In 1692 the first settler, a certain Jean Mathieu from Velosnes, settled in the "Hangarden uf der Oster". A new village soon developed under the ban of Wiebelskircher. Around 1867, the hangarders built the first bridge over the Oster in the idyllic valley floor.
Heinitz is located southwest of the city center of Neunkirchen and, with its former pits Heinitz (from 1847) and Dechen (from 1855), stands for the important mining past of the smelting town of Neunkirchen.
It was named after deserving mining experts such as Freiherr Friedrich Anton von Heinitz (1725–1802) and Ernst Heinrich von Dechen (1800–1889), both personalities in Prussian services who have made a name for themselves in the mining industry. The mining facilities have now become monuments. Where mining presumably began in Roman times - at least that's what finds speak for it - has now remained a rather idyllic, village-like flair. As one of the smallest districts, it still has a small outdoor pool. Some historical operational buildings of the mine can be visited, e.g. B. the Art Nouveau coke oven gas machine center, whose steel frame construction with the arched windows is worth seeing.
The Heinitz mine is located on the Riedberg west of the city of Neunkirchen. Coal was already being mined here in 700 BC; it was the earliest known coal mining in Germany. First of all, Kännelkohle (or Gagat ) was mined in the Tauenzien seam (later named that way). Gagat was processed and traded as a valuable gemstone. Gagat jewelry was found in many of the graves of nobles. The mining of the Riedberg was near the Römerstraße (from Strasbourg to Trier.) In the Furpach area, a branch of this old street went south around the Riedberg, past the Roman villa of Spiesen, and came back to this old street in the area around the wayside shrine. Coal mining continued to develop and eventually became the largest coal mine in Saarland thanks to particularly thorough planning. The Saarland's first electric light was installed on the system (1878/79). In 1882 the Heinitz-Dechen mine had a workforce of 4083 and was already producing 1,058,787 tons of coal a year. In 1962 the Heinitz mine was closed; the Dechen plant continued under the management of the König pit until 1967 and was shut down in 1967. The coking plant was shut down in 1963.
Kohlhof (sometimes with an article: the Kohlhof ) is located southeast of the Furpach district. The Marien-Krankenhaus-St.Josef , located on the outskirts, and the gourmet restaurant Hostellerie Bacher-Wögerbauer in the immediate vicinity are known nationwide . At the beginning of 2009, a new clinic building was built into which the St. Josefs Hospital in Neunkirchen moved. Since January 2011, the children's clinic Kohlhof and the St. Josefkrankenhaus Neunkirchen have been united under one roof as the Marienhausklinik St. Josef Kohlhof in the new group clinic .
Napoleon's defeat at Waterloo in 1815 brought the end of French rule and a reorganization of the states with a border right through Kohlhof: From then on, part belonged to Prussia and part to Bavaria , which has since been called Bavarian Kohlhof . During the Prussian Kohlhof was a Neunkircher district, Bavarian Kohlhof belongs to some political and administrative disputes (see appropriate place in the article about Limbach ) since 1985 to Limbach and thus no longer the district of Neunkirchen, but the neighboring Saarpfalz district . To distinguish it from Bayerisch Kohlhof, the part of Kohlhof belonging to Neunkirchen is sometimes also called Prussian Kohlhof .
Ludwigsthal is located southeast of downtown Neunkirchen between Wellesweiler in the north and Furpach in the southwest. The district was called "Plantage" in the 19th century and was renamed Ludwigsthal in 1884 after the Bavarian King Ludwig II .
Münchwies is north of Hangard. The specialist clinic for addictions located there, in a wooded area far away from any urban business, is known nationwide.
An early Roman settlement is also suspected in Münchwies . Brick inscriptions give the clue; However, solid evidence has not yet been produced. Towards the end of the 17th century, the arrival of Walloon charcoal burners, potash distillers and forest workers with their families - attracted by the jobs in the nearby ironworks - led to the founding of today's place. The hilly mountain landscape can be hiked through on the Höcherbergweg .
Sinnerthal lies west of the center of Neunkirchen, across the railway line .
When it was still called "Synderthale" or "Synde", iron ore was first found here. A settlement can be proven as early as 1200. Today's Sinnerthal goes back to a sawmill. The so-called Schlawerie appeared as "Schlabery" in the middle of the 18th century. There is no explanation for this name. The residents of this area near the marshalling yard witnessed Neunkirchen's greatest catastrophe, namely the gasometer explosion, first hand on February 10, 1933. Today you can hike along the “Saukaulenweg” near the allotment gardens and enjoy an excellent view of the old industrial landscape from the lookout point at the Reden mountain heap.
Wellesweiler is located in the valley of the Blies downstream and thus east of Neunkirchen city center between Bexbach and Neunkirchen. This part of the city has undergone the most dramatic change: where ancient Roman roads used to meet, the largest industrial settlements in the city are now. In the meantime, the inhabitants made a living from agriculture and mining. In 1850, the commissioning of the railway led to the influx of numerous miners and smelters.
Several nationally and internationally significant companies have settled in Wellesweiler.
Wiebelskirchen, the largest district of Neunkirchen, is also located north of the city center on the Blies, i.e. upstream.
The place name Wiebelskirchen, mentioned for the first time in 765, is the oldest recorded Christian place name in Saarland. A Franconian named Wibilo is said to have built a so-called own church on his property. From here young farmers moved to the opposite plateau on the other side of the Blies and created the place with the new church, later Neunkirchen. After the settlement areas of both municipalities had grown together, the administration was also united through the incorporation in 1974. The ban border on the Kuchenberg is no longer recognizable today. Today Wiebelskirchen has a redeveloped town center with numerous specialist shops and supermarkets.
There are six Protestant and three Catholic churches in the city of Neunkirchen. The Protestant churches together form a congregation and the churches used are called Christ , Paul , Peace and Paul Gerhardt Church. There is also the Martin Luther House and the Kohlhof Church. The Catholic churches are called: St. Marien , St. Josef & Johannes, Holy Trinity and Holy Family. The Catholic churches Herz Jesu (built in 1953/54) and St. Pius X & St. Vinzenz von Paul were both profaned in 2015 . There are also free church congregations of the Adventists , Apostolic Community , Chrischona congregation , United Methodist Church and the Vineyard Movement. The New Apostolic Church and Jehovah's Witnesses are also represented.
A Jewish community existed from the 18th century to 1940. In 1776 the first Jewish residents settled. In 1925, the highest number of Jewish residents was recorded at 5.3% of the population or 234 people. The community had a synagogue on the upper market, a religious and elementary school as well as a bath and a cemetery. During the Reichskristallnacht 1938 the synagogue was burned down and in 1940 the last 12 Jews were deported to the Gurs concentration camp. It was not until 1970 that another small community emerged.
The Turkish Islamic DİTİB Association maintains the Yunus Emre Mosque at Lisztstrasse 4.
Of the 47,874 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018), 40.3% were Catholic, 27.8% Protestant and 31.9% were non-denominational or belonged to other religions and denominations.
|Election 2019||Election 2014||Election 2009|
|Political party||be right||proportion of||Seats||proportion of||Seats||proportion of||Seats|
|LEFT||1,523||8.15%||4th||10.2%||7 **||13.1%||7 *|
(*) In January 2012 there was a change in the majority. City councilor Ruth Rosemarie Schlecht left the party and faction of the group Die Linke and joined the party and faction of the SPD, so that it had 27 seats in the meantime until the 2014 election, Die Linke only 6.
(**) On March 27, 2017 - one day after the Pirate Party failed to re-enter the Saar-Landtag - the two members of the Pirate Party switched to the Left Party. The left faction thus had 7 members.
- 1922–1926 Hermann Ludwig
- 1926–1935 Georg Blank , reinstated for a short time in April 1945
- 1935–1946 Hans Ruppersberg , suspended in April 1945
- 1946–1956 Friedrich Brokmeier , SPD
- 1956–1966 Josef Frank , SPD
- 1966 Josef Frank
- 1966–1971 Friedrich Regitz , SPD
- 1971–1975 Paul Kolb , SPD
- 1975–1990 Peter Neuber , SPD
- 1990–2009 Friedrich Decker , SPD
- 2009–2019 Jürgen Fried , SPD
- since October 1, 2019 Jörg Aumann , SPD
Coat of arms and city colors
In a black field a silver Gothic church with a tower in front of the nave. The windows and door of the church are black. The church represents the Christ Church in Neunkirchen (before its reconstruction) in an abstract form , which was donated by the Stumm brothers. The sacred coat of arms symbol is a so-called "speaking coat of arms", as it refers to the place name "Zur neue Kirche", from which the current city name "Neunkirchen" developed. The establishment of the place with the simultaneous construction of a church took place from the older settlement Wiebelskirchen, a current part of the today's district town Neunkirchen. In contrast to the older church in the mother parish, the name "Zur neue Kirche" was created for the new foundation.
A silver hammer and a silver mallet in a crossed shape appear in the top right of the coat of arms, and in the top left a silver gear without spokes. The hand tools and the gear indicate the iron and steel industry of Neunkirchen. The coat of arms colors black and silver can be interpreted as a reference to coal and iron as well as a heraldic reference to the fact that Neunkirchen belonged to the Kingdom of Prussia since the Congress of Vienna . The coat of arms originally had a silver wolf tang in the inner circle of the cogwheel as a border stone sovereignty sign of the county of Saarbrücken ("NS" for Nassau-Saarbrücken with a wolf tang). The coat of arms was introduced on February 28, 1943 by decision of the city council. In the session of July 23, 1946, the Wolfsangel was removed from the city's coat of arms because it had acquired a negative political character through its use as a fascist symbol. On August 4, 1950, the Neunkirchen city council decided to use the city colors red and white without any heraldic justification.
To maintain the town twinning in Neunkirchen, the “Association for the Promotion of Town Twinning e. V. Neunkirchen ", or town twinning association for short. In doing so, he replaced the former "partnership committee" that had emerged as a committee from the city council. The aim of the association is international understanding by creating personal contacts.
The first town twinning was founded on October 3, 1970 with Mantes-la-Ville in the French department of Yvelines . Senateur-Maire Aimé Bergeal and the then Mayor of Neunkirchen Friedrich Regitz signed the partnership agreement. Accordingly, there is a Mantes-la-Ville-Platz in Neunkirchen today ; conversely, there is a Rue de Neunkirchen (German "Neunkircher Straße") in Mantes-la-Ville .
In 1986, and thus before the fall of the Wall, the town twinning for the Brandenburg town of Lübben (Spreewald) was brought into being in what was then the German Democratic Republic. The lower end of Neunkircher Bahnhofstrasse is now called Lübbener Platz.
At the end of 2010, after a city council resolution by both local parliaments, a town partnership with the Polish city of Wolsztyn followed . At the upper end of Bahnhofstrasse, a newly built street was called Wolsztyner Platz .
The city is connected to the European rail network via the train stations Neunkirchen (Saar) Hauptbahnhof , Neunkirchen-Wellesweiler and Neunkirchen-Wiebelskirchen. The lines of the Fischbachtalbahn , the Nahetalbahn and the Homburg – Neunkirchen line meet in the main station . Since 2007, Deutsche Bahn AG has been operating an Intercity Express of the 403 series, ICE 3, called "Neunkirchen".
From September 13, 1907, an electric tram was used for city traffic and for connecting suburbs such as Elversberg, Spiesen (today Spiesen-Elversberg ) and Wiebelskirchen . A section on Hüttenbergstrasse (at that time a main shopping street) was the steepest tram route in Germany with a gradient of 11 percent and, for a long time, the reason not to switch trams to omnibuses. From August 1, 1953 to March 31, 1964, local public transport was also supplemented by trolleybuses . During these years the tram network was reduced to the Steinwald - Hauptbahnhof urban route with a branch to the slaughterhouse (line 2). Since 1961 four-axle articulated wagons of the Stuttgart type GT4 have been used, which have been specially modified for operation on steep sections.
For more see: Neunkirchen tram
On June 10, 1978 the tram was discontinued; since then, only buses have been operating in Neunkirchen. One of the last Neunkirchen tram cars has been in the Hanover Tram Museum since summer 2003 .
Industrial and commercial space
Free commercial space in Neunkirchen
A total of around 18 hectares of industrial and commercial space is currently available in Neunkirchen.
- Vogelsbach industrial area, Neunkirchen-Wiebelskirchen: 14.0 ha
- Industrial and commercial area Heidenhübel, Neunkirchen-Wellesweiler: 10.2 ha
- Industrial area Ochsenwald, Neunkirchen-Wellesweiler: 0.5 ha
Health and social services
- 3 hospitals
- Social-Pediatric Center
- 7 nursing homes, 409 beds
- 19 general medical practices
- 79 specialist practices in 16 specialties
- 25 dentists
- 5 veterinary practices
- 16 pharmacies
- 11 cemeteries, 8 of which are used regularly (→ List of cemeteries in Neunkirchen )
Schools and education
- Preschool institutions
- General education schools
- seven primary schools with six voluntary all-day schools
- three Realschulen / Extended Realschulen
- a comprehensive school
- two high schools
- a special needs school with a special focus on learning (with a special educational center)
- a special school with a special focus on intellectual development
- a state-recognized private special school for social development
- Vocational schools
- State commercial school
- Higher business school
- Technical, commercial, social care and commercial vocational training center
- Technical colleges
- Nursing schools
- Catholic college for social pedagogy
- Other educational institutions
- Eberspächer (formerly Menesa)
- Vensys Energy
- ZF Friedrichshafen
- Neways Electronics
- Hydac Process Technology GmbH
- Big and small drinks
Culture and sights
- Old hut area Neunkirchen
- Neunkircher Grubenweg
- Catholic parish church of St. Marien
- Silent Chapel
- Stummsche Reithalle; Cabaret events take place regularly throughout the year in the restored Stummschen Reithalle.
- Neunkircher Rosenmontagsumzug, with over 100,000 visitors the largest parade in Saarland
- Neunkirchen Renaissance Castle, a former castle, of which only the remains of the wall have survived today
- February: Rose Monday parade
- March: Gutsweiherlauf in Furpach / guided tour of the Neunkircher Hüttenweg (once a month) / Neunkircher bicycle spring
- May: Neunkircher City Run / fun fair in Furpach / Neunkircher WeinLounge
- June: City festival in Neunkirchen / fair in Heinitz
- July: Neunkircher Nights (various cultural events) / Neunkircher City Music Summer
- August: Neunkirchen musical project / fair in Neunkirchen
- September: fair in Münchwies / fair in Wiebelskirchen
- October: Oktoberfest / Kirmes in Hangard / Kirmes in Wellesweiler
- November: Gloomaar Post-Rock Festival
- December: Christmas meeting in Neunkirchen / Nikolauslauf in Furpach
Günter Rohrbach Film Prize
- Krammarkt: 1st Monday of the month
- Flea market: 2nd Monday of the month
- Weekly market: every Wednesday and Saturday (Upper Market)
- Farmer's market: every Friday (silent square)
Music, theater, cabaret
Events take place all year round in the community center and the Stummschen Reithalle as well as in the new blower hall in the old hut area.
The Städtische Galerie (former gallery in the community center ), which is sponsored by Neunkircher Kulturgesellschaft GmbH, is housed in the building of the former local court on Marienstraße. Four to six temporary exhibitions take place every year. Since 2005 the gallery has a foundation to a private collection, but which is currently not on display for reasons of space in the long run: With the donation of the born in Neunkirchen art historian Wolfgang Kermer the gallery was entitled Stuttgart encounters more than 150 paintings, drawings, graphics and Objects, including works by internationally known artists such as Gunter Böhmer , Jürgen Brodwolf , Paul Uwe Dreyer , Wolfgang Gäfgen , Otto Herbert Hajek , Rudolf Hoflehner , Alfred Hrdlicka , Wilhelm Loth , Erich Mansen , Arnulf Rainer , Jürgen Rose , Ludwig Schaffrath , Rudolf Schoofs , KRH Sonderborg , Hans Gottfried von Stockhausen , Micha Ullman , Leo Wollner and Jörg F. Zimmermann . In 2010, Wolfgang Kermer gave the city of Neunkirchen the graphic series by the Neunkirchen graphic artist and painter Fritz Arnold , which he rediscovered a few years ago and long forgotten , as well as works by Gerlinde Beck , Rudolf Hoflehner, Alfred Hrdlicka, Wilhelm Loth, Oswald Oberhuber and Arnulf Rainer. Further additions with works in particular by Herbert Baumann , Jürgen Brodwolf, Paul Uwe Dreyer, Eugen Funk , Rudolf Hoflehner, Alfred Hrdlicka, Volker Lehnert , Wilhelm Loth, Heinz Mohl , Eve Neuner-Kayser, Arnulf Rainer, Paul Reich, Gert Riel , Rudolf Schoofs , Herwig Schubert, Gustav Seitz , KRH Sonderborg provided an extension in 2011. The inventory catalog of the Wolfgang Kermer donation presented on the occasion of the Stuttgart Encounters III 2011 exhibition lists over 300 paintings, drawings, prints, collages, sculptures and works of glass design.
The former Bundesliga soccer team Borussia Neunkirchen is at home in the Ellenfeldstadion . The club plays in the Saarland League (6th league) in 2017/18 . Borussia Neunkirchen was once in the DFB Cup final , namely in the 1958/59 season. The final game against Schwarz-Weiß Essen was lost 2: 5.
The TuS 1860 Neunkirchen was a founding member of the German Handball League . After 5th place in 1967, the team rose in 1968 after a relegation game against Spvgg Möhringen (17-18 n. V.) in the regional handball league . The club played here for a few years.
The Badminton department of TuS Wiebelskirchen has played in the 1st Bundesliga since it was founded in 1971. Wiebelskirchen was the only club to have played in this top German division for 36 years until 2007. You were German champion in the two seasons 1990/1991 and 1991/1992 and a total of five times runner-up.
The Neunkirchen Zoological Garden is located in a wooded area between the city center and the Wellesweiler district . Around 500 animals from 100 species live here on 14 hectares. The focus of the zoo is on Asian species. It was opened in 1924. From March to June 2010, over 117,000 visitors visited the exhibition Body Worlds of Animals , which was initiated by the anatomist Gunther von Hagens . The traveling exhibition premiered in Neunkirchen, as one of the main exhibits is an elephant that died in Neunkirchen Zoo.
nature and environment
Landscape of industrial culture north (LIK.Nord)
Neunkirchen belongs to the major nature conservation project Landscape of Industrial Culture North (LIK.Nord). The cities of Neunkirchen and Friedrichsthal, the municipalities of Illingen, Merchweiler, Schiffweiler and Quiigart as well as the district of Neunkirchen and Industriekultur Saar GmbH (IKS) have merged to form a special purpose association and in 2009 won the federal competition "Large-scale nature conservation projects and rural development" from the Federal Environment Ministry. The aim of the project is to shape the future-proof development of the old industrial landscape, which is characterized by mining. This is intended to maintain and further expand the biodiversity of the landscape through maintenance and targeted interventions. The landscape laboratory “ Post-Mining Landscape” is located in the area of the city of Neunkirchen . The project has been in the implementation phase since the end of 2013.
sons and daughters of the town
- Friedrich Carl Glaser (1843–1910), engineer
- Ferdinand Eduard von Stumm (1843–1925), diplomat, German ambassador in Madrid
- Hugo Rudolf von Stumm (1845–1910), coal and steel industrialist
- Otto Leonhard Blum (1876–1944), engineer and professor for railways at the TH Hannover , grandson of the politician Robert Blum
- Fritz Soot (1878–1965), opera singer
- Fritz Arnold (1883–1921), mechanical engineer, graphic artist and painter (autodidact)
- Julius Adler (1894–1945), politician MdR (KPD)
- Walter Rilla (1894–1980), actor
- Otto Fried (1897 – unknown), politician
- Hans Bund (1898–1982), pianist, composer and conductor
- Walter Bernstein (1901–1981), painter and graphic artist
- Ernst Blum (1901–1970), lawyer
- Robert Neufang (1901–1972), politician and football official
- Erich Honecker (1912–1994), politician ( KPD , SED ), head of state and party leader of the GDR
- Karl Rawer (1913–2018), physicist
- Wilhelm Cornelius (1915–1996), engineer and inventor of the orthotropic plate
- Friedrich Ring (1915–1964), military doctor and politician ( NDPD ), member of the state parliament in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
- Hans Staut (1915–1977), editor, 1955 co-founder of the CDU Neunkirchen, 1956–1974 city councilor
- Erich Schwertner (1918–1965), politician ( FDP / DPS ), MdB , MdL ( Saarland ), Saarland housing minister
- Karl Ferdinand Werner (1924–2008), historian and longstanding director of the DHI Paris
- Ferdinand Selgrad (* 1927), glass and wall painter, painter and mosaic artist, who also works in bronze
- Werner Scherer (1928–1985), politician (CDU). From 1965 to 1977 and from 1984 to 1985 State Minister of the Saarland
- Günter Rohrbach (* 1928), film and television producer
- Franz Becker (* 1930), lawyer and university professor, politician and state minister of the Saarland
- Ursula Kraus (* 1930), politician, Lord Mayor of the city of Wuppertal
- Walter Müller (* 1930), Turner
- Claudia Doren (1931–1987), television announcer
- Kurt Heidrich (1933–2011), track and field athlete and sports official
- Wolfgang Kermer (* 1935), professor emeritus for art history, former rector of the State Academy of Fine Arts Stuttgart
- Helmut Butzbach (1938–2016), painter and graphic artist
- Gerd Rudolf (* 1939), psychiatrist, psychosomatic specialist and psychoanalyst
- Henning Hoffsten (1942–2010), high school teacher and actor
- Willi Ertz (1943–2018), soccer goalkeeper and coach
- Henning Krauss (* 1943), Romanist
- Gerhard Theobald (* 1949), referee of the Bundesliga 1982 to 1993 (95 games), from Wiebelskirchen
- Peter Hans (1950–2007), politician (CDU), chairman of the CDU parliamentary group in the Saarland state parliament
- Dieter Heckmann (* 1955), historian and archivist
- Anette Hübinger born Klein (* 1955), politician ( CDU ), former member of the German Bundestag
- Joachim Maier (* 1955), chemist
- Gisela Kolb (* 1957), politician (SPD), member of the Saarland state parliament
- Uwe Büchler (1958–2006), sculptor, graphic artist and web designer, founding member and from 1996 to 2000 director of the Werkleitz Gesellschaft
- Raimund Becker (* 1959), board member of the Federal Employment Agency
- Martin Conrath (* 1959), writer
- Rüdiger Malter (* 1959), State Secretary in the Ministry of Finance of the State of Saxony-Anhalt
- Jens Neufang (* 1960), jazz musician
- Uwe Conrath (* 1961), plant biologist and university professor
- Stefan Kuntz (* 1962), national soccer player
- Ro Gebhardt (* 1963), jazz guitarist
- Christian Wirth (* 1963), lawyer and politician (AfD)
- Susan Weinert (1965–2020), jazz guitarist, composer and producer
- Thomas Hayo (* 1969), advertising entrepreneur
- Anke Morsch (* 1969), politician, State Secretary
- Alexandra Kertz-Welzel (* 1970), university professor, music teacher
- Alexander Funk (* 1974), politician (CDU), MdL ( Saarland ), former member of the German Bundestag
- Jan Becker (* 1975), hypnotist and author
- Shanta Ghosh (* 1975), track and field athlete
- Heike Becker (* 1976), politician (SPD)
- Tobias Hans (* 1978), Prime Minister of Saarland
- Markus Werkle-Bergner (* 1976), psychologist in the field of developmental psychology and cognitive neuroscience
- Jens Eisel (* 1980), writer
- Nora Gomringer (* 1980), Swiss-German poet , reciter and winner of the Ingeborg Bachmann Prize 2015
- Florian Neuschwander (* 1981), long-distance and ultra runner
- Charlotte Maihoff (* 1982), news anchor and journalist
- Eric Breininger (1987-2010), Islamist
- Johannes Wurtz (* 1992), soccer player
- Annika Schlegel (* 1994), summer biathlete and handball player
- Sina Mayer (* 1995), track and field athlete
Personalities who work or have worked on site
- Franz Kermer (1893–1936), Austrian bandmaster, directed the König Bergkapelle from 1930 to 1936
- Franz Mörscher (1931–2018), German sculptor, mosaic artist, painter, photographer and non-fiction author
- Wilhelm Koch ("de Wiam", also "Wieham") (* February 2, 1873; murdered May 19, 1956), ice cream seller, cinema entrepreneur, carousel owner, street musician
- Eduard Senz (born December 30, 1877; † 1941)
- Leo Düppré ("Borussen-Leo", 1922–1999) was considered the most loyal and well-known fan of Borussia Neunkirchen beyond the borders .
- Richard van Dülmen, Joachim Jacob (ed.): Stumm in Neunkirchen. Entrepreneurship and working-class life in the 19th century, pictures and sketches from an industrial community. St. Ingbert 1993.
- Michael Ebenau: Freedom for the people, documents on the history of the workers' movement in Neunkirchen 1848–1961, Neunkirchen 1990.
- Hanns Klein: The Bliesrevier under the Prussian eagle, On the administrative and local history of the Bliesrevier (1815-1920), views and insights, Saarbrücken 2001.
- Rainer Knauf, Christof Trepesch (ed.): Neunkircher city book. Published on behalf of the district town of Neunkirchen, Ottweiler 2005, ISBN 3-00-015932-0
- Bernhard Krajewski and Leo Ehlen (editors): City of Neunkirchen (Saar) - city of iron and coal. A book about the development and nature of an industrial city , Neunkirchen 1955.
- Olaf Kühne: Neunkirchen. A city between modern and post-modern . In: Publications of the Institute for Regional Studies in Saarland. Vol. 46 Institute for Regional Studies in Saarland , Saarbrücken 2008, ISBN 978-3-923877-46-1
- Gerd Meiser: Neunkirchen: a city changes its face. Photos: Willi Hiegel, Klaus Winkler, Josef Meyer. Neunkirchener Verlag, 1978 (without ISBN)
- Fabian Trinkaus: Crisis upheaval and organizational relationships - The First World War and the European labor movement using the example of the smelting towns of Neunkirchen / Saar and Dudelange / Luxembourg, in: Year Book for Research on the History of the Labor Movement , Volume 3, 2012.
- Katrin Carl, Christian Reuther, Dennis Schuld: Kleine chroNiK. A journey through time through the history of Neunkirchen . District town Neunkirchen 2019. ISBN 978-3-00-062867-2
- Internet presence of the district town
- Literature about Neunkirchen <Saar> in the Saarland Bibliography
- Historical Association City of Neunkirchen e. V.
- Link catalog on Neunkirchen at curlie.org (formerly DMOZ )
- Advertising film about the district town of Neunkirchen on YouTube
- Saarland.de - Official population figures as of December 31, 2019 (PDF; 20 kB) ( help ).
- Henning Kaufmann: The names of the Rhenish cities , Fink, Munich 1973, p. IV
- Fabian Trinkaus: Crisis upheaval and organizational relationships - The First World War and the European workers 'movement using the example of the smelting towns of Neunkirchen / Saar and Dudelange / Luxembourg, in: Year Book for Research on the History of the Workers' Movement , Volume III / 2012
- Arnold Ilgemann: "French schools". The French domain schools during the League of Nations , lecture manuscript from June 22, 1993
- Saarbrücker Zeitung, accessed on July 1, 2015
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 803, 805 and 806 .
- Information on the Limbach district
- Neunkirchen: Population development 2015 , accessed on February 10, 2018
- Neunkirchen: Population
- Katrin Carl, Christian Reuther, Dennis Schuld: Kleine chroNiK. A journey through time through the history of Neunkirchen. District town Neunkirchen 2019. pp. 23–25
- Marienhausklinik St. Josef Kohlhof
- Decree on the profanation of the Church of the Heart of Jesus in Neunkirchen , accessed on July 8, 2016
- Decree on the profanation of the Church of St. Pius X. and St. Vinzenz v. Paul in Neunkirchen , accessed on July 20, 2016
- City of Neunkirchen Saar structural data population , accessed on September 26, 2019
- Neunkirchen has voted ( Memento from December 13, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) On: www.neunkirchen.de, accessed on May 28, 2014
- Elections 2019
- faction in the city council. pfaelzischer-merkur.de, archived from the original on January 17, 2016 ; Retrieved January 21, 2012 .
- http Grenzsteine.de/cms/front_content.php?idart=79 , accessed on July 19, 2015.
- Kurt Hoppstädter: The coat of arms of the Saarland, part 1, ed. v. Historical Association for Saarland e. V. in collaboration with the archive of the Saarland government, Saarbrücken, 1953, pp. 67–69.
- Description and images of the city arms ( Memento from May 13, 2015 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on July 19, 2015.
- cf. z. B. http://www.openstreetmap.org/?lat=49.337511&lon=7.182028&zoom=18&layers=M
- cf. z. B. http://maps.google.com/maps?q=Rue+de+Neunkirchen,+78711+Mantes-la-Ville,+Yvelines,+%C3%8Ele-de-France,+Frankreich&hl=de&ie=UTF8&oe = UTF-8 & geocode = FVJB6wIdR_UZAA & hnear = Rue + de + Neunkirchen, + 78711 + Mantes-la-Ville, + Yvelines, +% C3% 8Ele-de-France, + France & t = m & z = 16
- cf. z. B. http://www.openstreetmap.org/?lat=49.34908&lon=7.174016&zoom=18&layers=M
- Polish partnership perfect , article on the website of the city of Neunkirchen, accessed on January 6, 2011
- cf. z. B. http://www.openstreetmap.org/?lat=49.351799&lon=7.176336&zoom=18&layers=M
- Website of the new blower hall
- Stuttgart Encounters: The Donation Wolfgang Kermer ; Städtische Galerie Neunkirchen, May 18 - June 24, 2005 / [Ed .: Neunkircher Kulturgesellschaft gGmbH; Nicole Nix-Hauck. Catalog: Wolfgang Kermer]
- Wolfgang Kermer: Fritz Arnold: The graphic work 1917 - 1920. on the occasion of the donation and exhibition "Fritz Arnold: The graphic work 1917-1920", June / August 2010. With an introduction by Nicole Nix-Hauck and a contribution. by Nina Pirro. Published by the Städtische Galerie Neunkirchen, 2010, ISBN 978-3-941715-03-5
- Donation by Wolfgang Kermer: inventory catalog , ed. from the Städtische Galerie Neunkirchen, 2011, ISBN 978-3-941715-07-3
- An era in German sport is coming to an end ( Memento from July 19, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Article in the Saarbrücker Zeitung from September 27, 2007
- TuS Wiebelskirchen - The Badminton Department ( Memento from September 7, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
- Saarland: LIK.Nord | Saarland.de. Retrieved July 24, 2017 .
- AK: In memoriam Hans Staut . In: Neunkircher Stadtanzeiger, January 28, 1977
- http://ub.werkleitz.de/index.html , accessed on February 12, 2019
- Robert Hahn: The Saarland mountain music: the mountain bands . Saarbrücken: Minerva-Verlag Thinnes & Nolte, 1969, pp. 30-31
- hb . : The old "Wieham" was murdered for 1000 francs: The murderer arrested on Saturday in Neunkirchen - a cold-bloodedly planned act demands a fair sentence . In: Saarbrücker Zeitung, No. 122, May 28, 1956, p. 2. The perpetrator was a nineteen-year-old from Wiebelskirchen.
- The book that brings Borussia Leo back to life , accessed on June 14, 2020.