|Surname||Borussia, Association for Movement Games e. V., Neunkirchen (Saar)|
|Seat||Neunkirchen , Saarland|
|founding||July 24, 1905|
|Members||538 (as of January 2018)|
|First soccer team|
|Head coach||Bjorn Klos|
Borussia, VfB e. V., Neunkirchen (Saar) is a football club from Neunkirchen in Saarland . In the 1960s, Borussia played in the 1st Bundesliga for three years . Currently (2019/20 season) the club plays in the sixth class Saarland League .
The Borussia 1905 football club was founded on July 24, 1905 . In 1907 this association merged with the Free Gymnastics and Games Association at the Realgymnasium zu Neunkirchen and the Sport-Club Neunkirchen to form Borussia, Verein für Bewegungsspiele e. V. After 1945 the club was first re-established as VfB Neunkirchen . He gave himself the old name again on July 26, 1951.
After four years in the B-Class Saargau, the people from Neunkirchen rose to the top class in 1912. They were Saargau champions as early as 1911, but failed in the promotion round. Borussia was twice the penultimate in this league, then the game had to be stopped because of the First World War .
In the immediate post-war period, Borussia was one of the top clubs in the Saar district. From 1920/21 to 1923/24 she was champion of the regional league four times in a row, and in 1922 even the South German runner-up. In the final, the Neunkircher were defeated by FC Wacker Munich 1: 2 after extra time.
From 1924 the Borussia fell back into the middle of the table, before they were runner-up behind FV Saarbrücken in 1927 and again in the district league championship in 1928. In the subsequent southern German championship round, the Neunkirchen had no chance and were last with 3:25 points. In the remaining district league years they had no contact with the top of the table.
In 1933 the Neunkircher were among the founding members of the Gauliga Südwest , where they were runner-up behind Eintracht Frankfurt after several midfield placements in the 1937/38 season , but were unable to continue this success in the following years. Until the end of the game at the beginning of the 1944/45 season, the Saarlanders remained first class.
Early post-war period
In the first year after the resumption of organized German football, the Borussia were in good early form, although they were temporarily not allowed to use this name, and as VfB Neunkirchen they were third in the (later so-called) Oberliga Südwest . In 1948 they had to leave this league to play their own Saarland league under the French flag with the other Saar clubs. Club president Robert Neufang was one of the advocates of this measure. The Neunkircher became champions, but were not allowed to move up to the French Division 2 . In 1950 they became runner-up in Saarland, introduced contract play and played exclusively private games in the following season before they could return to the Südwest-Oberhaus in 1951, as the Saar clubs were reintegrated into the German league system that year.
Borussia Neunkirchen got a place in the league, where the club only achieved good positions in the table from the late 1950s. Third place in 1957/58 was followed by three runner-up championships, one championship and another second place. In 1959 , Borussia also reached the final for the DFB Cup, which was lost in December at the Auestadion in Kassel with 2: 5 to ETB Schwarz-Weiß Essen . Werner Emser and Rudi Dörrenbächer were able to improve the result a bit in the last five minutes of the game.
As a result, Borussia took part in the final round of the German championship five times, but was eliminated every time at the first opportunity: in 1959 and 1961 in the qualifying games and in 1960, 1962 and 1963 in the preliminary round.
First and Second Bundesliga - Regional and Major League
Despite good placements since 1959/60 in the Oberliga Südwest, Borussia Neunkirchen was not accepted into the newly founded Bundesliga in 1963, as the Southwest was only entitled to two places, but the old rivals, 1. FC Kaiserslautern and 1. FC Saarbrücken , qualified.
1964 Neunkirchen was with a narrow lead over FK Pirmasens champions of the second-class Regionalliga Südwest . In the following round of promotion to the second season of the Bundesliga, the Borussia started weakly, but made the leap into the Bundesliga after winning the second half at Bayern Munich and FC St. Pauli and at home against SC Tasmania 1900 Berlin . Thanks to their home strength, they took tenth place in their first year of membership in the Bundesliga. It was the most successful year and probably the best squad of the club since it was founded. What founded the myth of the team of those years was the fact that Neunkirchen, as the smallest Bundesliga town at the time, was able to defeat almost the entire German football elite in the local Ellenfeldstadion; In addition, the team consisted mainly of players who came from Neunkirchen and the nearer Saarland area and the southwest area, which increased the popularity of the audience and their identification with the team. In the second Bundesliga year, however, the team was relegated. More than half of the regular players left the club and went to other top-class teams.
As the first German club, Borussia Neunkirchen made it back to the Bundesliga in 1967 with a largely newly formed squad, but the team, which had not been significantly strengthened for the top division, could only achieve the penultimate place. You could only win one point away; the goalkeeper team Willi Ertz and Horst Kirsch , which had been tried and tested until then, had to concede 93 goals in 34 games.
In 1971 and 1972, the Neunkircher were able to become champions of the Regionalliga Südwest again, but they missed promotion every time. When the leap into the newly created 2nd Bundesliga , Group South, finally succeeded in 1974 , they could only hold out for a year. In the following years the club played in the unattractive amateur league Saar, where the championship was easily won every year. Once again in 1978 the promotion to the 2nd Bundesliga South succeeded. But this time too, after a year, you had to go down again. Two strange games were remembered that had to be repeated: In the home game against Stuttgarter Kickers (4: 3), the referee recognized a goal for Borussia, although Dieter Kobel's shot missed the goal. Given clear television evidence, the game was rescheduled; the Stuttgart won 1-0. The derby against Saar rivals 1. FC Saarbrücken (2-1) was also canceled because an FCS player was bitten by a dog and injured and had to retire. The replay ended 1-0 for Borussia.
In 1980 , twelve months after relegation from the 2nd Bundesliga, Neunkirchen was able to win another championship in the third-class amateur Oberliga Südwest, which had started two years earlier - a success that was repeated in 1991 . But the familiar pattern was repeated this time as well: promotion after a year was immediately followed by relegation to the lower division.
Until 1994, the Neunkircher belonged to the league, where they only belonged to the top group from 1989/90. In 1991 Borussia became Southwest Champion, but finished last on the promotion round without a win. In 1994 the club got a place in the newly introduced Regionalliga West / Südwest , from which it was relegated back to the top division in the second year. After the next league championship in 2000, the Neunkircher remained in the promotion round to the regional league without a goal and point. Two years later they got promoted, but had to leave the regional league again as a beaten bottom in the table and survive bankruptcy. As a consequence, the Neunkircher waived in 2005 despite the championship on promotion to the regional league. After the introduction of the new 3rd league for the 2008/09 season , the Borussia, which still belong to the Oberliga Südwest, are only fifth class. After persistent liquidity problems, Borussia Neunkirchen had to file for insolvency at the beginning of April 2015. In 2016 Borussia Neunkirchen was able to repay part of its debts. In 2017 Borussia was relegated to the sixth class Saarland League.
As an amateur club, Borussia twice had very strong opponents in the first main round of the DFB Cup when they were drawn to FC Bayern Munich in 1992 and 2003. The first game on August 18, 1992 was broadcast live by RTL on television. With two early goals from Munich and a dismissal against Borussia, it was decided early. In the end it was 0: 6. Also in the second meeting on August 30, 2003 - just relegated from the Regionalliga Süd - they had no chance and lost 5-0. Some national players played on the part of Munich in the Ellenfeldstadion, which was sold out for the first time since the Bundesliga time.
- Master of the C-Class 1908
- Champion of the B-Class in 1911 and 1912
- Champion of the first-class district league in 1921, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1929
- Master of the Saar Honorary Class in 1949
- Champion of the first-class Oberliga Südwest 1962
- Champion of the second-rate Regionalliga Südwest in 1964, 1967, 1971, 1972 and 1974
- Champion of the third class amateur league Saarland in 1976, 1977 and 1978
- Champion of the third class amateur league southwest in 1980 and 1991
- Champion of the fourth-class Oberliga Südwest in 2000, 2002 and 2005
- South German League 1 Class Group 3 Saar District: 1920
- South German League District Rhine / Saar Group Saar: 1928, 1930
- District Cup Rhine / Saar: 1933
- Gauliga Southwest: 1938, 1940
- State class Saar: 1950
- Oberliga Südwest: 1959
- Regionalliga Südwest: 1973
- Promotion to the Bundesliga in 1964, 1967
- Promotion to the 2nd Bundesliga South 1978, 1980
- Promotion to the Regionalliga Süd in 2002
- South German cup winner 1921
- Saarland Cup winner 1978, 1985, 1986, 1990, 1992, 1996, 2003
- Finalist in the DFB Cup in 1959
- Volksbank Masters winner: 2002, 2003, 2008
- Vice Masters Winner: 1999, 2014
Since 1912 Borussia Neunkirchen has played in the Ellenfeld Stadium , which has a capacity of 32,000 and is now 21,600 . Previously, the home games were played on various small sports fields.
Audience development (1951–1981)
|season||Division||Average audience||More competitions||Average audience|
|1959/60||Oberliga Südwest||4,500||German Championship (final round)||27,333 *|
|1961/62||Oberliga Südwest||7,733||German Championship (final round)||8,000 * (1 col.)|
|1962/63||Oberliga Südwest||5,100||German Championship (final round)||40,000 *|
|1963/64||Regionalliga southwest||3,657||Bundesliga promotion round||27,600 *|
|1966/67||Regionalliga southwest||8,200||Bundesliga promotion round||21,200|
|1970/71||Regionalliga southwest||4,953||Bundesliga promotion round||14,000|
|1971/72||Regionalliga southwest||5,560||Bundesliga promotion round||7,300|
|1973/74||Regionalliga southwest||5,933||Bundesliga promotion round||17,000|
|1974/75||2nd Bundesliga South||4,005|
|1975/76||Amateur league Saarland||2,319||Promotion round 2. Bundesliga South||4,750|
|1976/77||Amateur league Saarland||1,857||Promotion round 2. Bundesliga South||9,000|
|1977/78||Amateur league Saarland||1,458||Promotion round 2. Bundesliga South||10,000|
|1978/79||2nd Bundesliga South||4,078|
|1980/81||2nd Bundesliga South||2,636|
Cup competitions (e.g. DFB Cup ) were not taken into account .
* The games were played in the Ludwigsparkstadion in Saarbrücken .
Athletic history and league affiliation
- Ferdinand Fabra (1948 to 1950)
- Friedrich Cerha (1950 to 1951)
- Ferdinand Swatosch (1951 to 1952)
- Harald Reinhardt (1951 to 1954)
- Dondorf (1954 to 1955)
- Eduard Havlicek (1955 to 1957)
- Bernd Oles (1957 to 1960)
- Alfred Preißler (1960 to 1962)
- Hans Pilz (1962 to 1963)
- Horst Buhtz (1963 to 1966)
- Željko Čajkovski (1966 to 1969)
- Kurt Sommerlatt (1969 to 1971)
- Alfred Preißler (1971 to 1973)
- Erwin Türk (1973 to 1974)
- Stefan Abadschiew (1974 to 1976)
- Dietmar Schwager (1976 to 1977)
- Hennes Schreier (1977)
- Dietmar Schwager (1977 to 1979)
- Herbert Binkert (1979)
- Horst Meurer (1979 to 1980)
- Günter Noel (1980 to 1981)
- Jürgen Fuhrmann (1981 to 1982)
- Hennes Schreier (1983)
- Horst Berg (1983 to 1984)
- Hennes Schreier (1984)
- Günter Fuchs (1984)
- Dietmar Schwager (1984 to January 1985)
- Jürgen Fuhrmann (1985)
- Hennes Schreier (1985)
- Reiner Reuter (1985 to March 1987)
- Heinz Eisengrein (March 1987 to June 1988)
- Hennes Schreier (1988)
- Gerd Schwickert (1988 to 1990)
- Horst Brand (1990 to September 1991)
- Klaus Müller (September 1991 to 1992)
- Gerd Warken (1992 to 1993)
- Klaus Johannes (1993 to January 3, 1994)
- Rainer Gluding (January 4, 1994 to February 13, 1994)
- Guido Mey (February 14, 1994 to August 23, 1995)
- Gerd Schwickert (August 23, 1995 to April 16, 1996)
- Uwe Grub (April 17, 1996 to August 27, 1998)
- Werner Weiß (September 2, 1998 to May 31, 1999)
- Heinz Halter (June 1, 1999 to November 14, 1999)
- Stefan Kuntz (November 15, 1999 to 2000)
- Valentin Herr (July and August 2000)
- Willi Ertz (September 2000)
- Jörg Nehren (September 2000 to December 12, 2002)
- Andreas Golombek (player-coach) (January 9, 2003 to 2003)
- Werner Mörsdorf (2003 to 2006)
- Werner Weiß (2006 to April 7, 2007)
- Heinz-Jürgen Henkes (on an interim basis, from April 8, 2007)
- Günter Erhardt (July 1, 2007 to June 30, 2009)
- Heinz Histing (July 1, 2009 to September 22, 2009)
- Yilmaz Örtülü (interim, September 22 to November 8, 2009)
- Heinz-Jürgen Henkes (November 9, 2009 to December 15, 2009)
- Kurt Knoll (December 16, 2009 to January 7, 2011)
- Paul Linz (January 8, 2011 to December 12, 2011)
- Adetunji Adeyemi (December 13, 2011 to 2012)
- Cătălin Răcănel (April 24, 2012 to July 1, 2012)
- Dieter Ferner (July 1, 2012 to April 21, 2014)
- Vincenzo Simonetta (April 24, 2014 to June 30, 2014)
- Daniel Paulus (from July 1, 2014)
- Michael Petry (2014 to 2016)
- Valentin Valtchev (July to November 2016)
- Werner Mörsdorf (since November 2016)
- Tobias Grimm (March 2017 to September 2017)
- Björn Klos (since September 2017)
- Literature on Borussia Neunkirchen in the Saarland Bibliography
- Borussia Neunkirchen (Ed.): Myth Ellenfeld. 100 years of Borussia Neunkirchen 1905–2005. Neunkirchen 2005.
- Tobias Fuchs: Borussia Neunkirchen - Long live iron. In: Hardy Green (ed.): Of gray mice and great masters. The book about the Bundesliga. AGON Sportverlag, Kassel 1999, ISBN 3-89784-114-2 , pp. 247-254.
- Max Klein: Borussia Neunkirchen. The Schalke of the southwest. In: Ulrich Homann (Ed.): Höllenglut an Himmelfahrt. The history of the promotion rounds to the Bundesliga 1963–1974. Klartext-Verlag, Essen 1990, ISBN 3-88474-346-5 .
- Klaus Querengässer: The German Football Championship. Part 2: 1948–1963 (= AGON Sportverlag statistics. Vol. 29). AGON Sportverlag, Kassel 1997, ISBN 3-89609-107-7 .
- Bernd Reichelt: Football and regional identity in Saarland in the 1950s and 1960s. Development and adaptation of a football club in times of accelerated change using the example of Borussia Neunkirchen. Unpublished thesis. Saarbrücken 2007.
- ders .: Kick for the autonomy. How in 1949 the soccer game of a Saar team against Gothenburg turned into a political issue in Neunkirchen's Ellenfeld. In: Saar history | n. Magazine on regional culture and history. 4/2008, pp. 10-13.
- Werner Skrentny: The Borussia Neunkirchen story: The coal, the iron, the football. In: Werner Skrentny (Ed.): Teufelsangst vorm Erbsenberg. The history of the Oberliga Südwest 1946–1963. Klartext, Essen 1996, ISBN 3-88474-394-5 .
- Ralf Wiegand: Between the ironworks and the dance café. In: Süddeutsche Zeitung . 27./28. April 2013.
- Ellenfeld Stadium
- Borussia Neunkirchen files for bankruptcy on transfermarkt.de .
- The information on the league games is based on the Toooor24 database
- The calculations for the games for the German championship are based on the information provided by the audience in: Klaus Querengässer: The German Football Championship, Part 2: 1948–1963. Kassel 1997.
- Appendix. In: Ulrich Homann (Ed.): Höllenglut an Himmelfahrt. The history of the promotion rounds to the Bundesliga 1963–1974. 2nd ed. Essen 1993, pp. 109-138, here: p. 110.
- Appendix. In: Ulrich Homann (Ed.): Höllenglut an Himmelfahrt. The history of the promotion rounds to the Bundesliga 1963–1974. 2nd ed. Essen 1993, pp. 109-138, here: p. 117.
- Appendix. In: Ulrich Homann (Ed.): Höllenglut an Himmelfahrt. The history of the promotion rounds to the Bundesliga 1963–1974. 2nd ed. Essen 1993, pp. 109-138, here: p. 129.
- Appendix. In: Ulrich Homann (Ed.): Höllenglut an Himmelfahrt. The history of the promotion rounds to the Bundesliga 1963–1974. 2nd ed. Essen 1993, pp. 109-138, here: p. 132.
- Appendix. In: Ulrich Homann (Ed.): Höllenglut an Himmelfahrt. The history of the promotion rounds to the Bundesliga 1963–1974. 2nd ed. Essen 1993, pp. 109-138, here: p. 138.
- 13 of 17 home games were recorded based on the match reports in the Saarbrücker Zeitung . The newspaper gave no precise information about the other games.
- 14 of 17 home games were recorded based on the match reports in the Saarbrücker Zeitung . The newspaper gave no precise information about the other games.
- 15 of 18 home games were recorded based on the match reports in the Saarbrücker Zeitung and the Neunkirchener Zeitung . The newspapers gave no precise information about the other games.
- Günter Noel personal profile :: DFB - German Football Association e. V. Retrieved April 18, 2017 .
- Kicker Sportmagazin from January 28, 1985 (regional southwest), page 79
- Neunkirchen presents new trainer . In: FuPa . ( fupa.net [accessed June 15, 2017]).